School Climate and Discipline: Know the Data

Of the 49 million students enrolled in public schools in 2011-2012:

  • 3.5 million students were suspended in-school;

  • 3.45 million students were suspended out-of-school;

  • 130,000 students were expelled.

Various data sources show clearly that students with disabilities and students of color are disproportionately impacted by such practices. According to the Civil Rights Data Collection, black students are suspended and expelled at a rate three times greater than white students, while students with disabilities are twice as likely to receive an out-of-school suspension as their non-disabled peers. Sources of discipline data and research can be found here.


Civil Rights Data Collection

The Civil Rights Data Collection is the U.S. Department of Education's primary data source on monitoring educational programs and services for civil rights compliance.

IDEA, Section 618 Data

State data about the infants and toddlers who receive early intervention services and children with disabilities who receive special education and related services. This includes information about disciplinary removals of students with disabilities, ages 3-21.

Research on Discipline Disparities and Overusage

Recent studies describing discipline practices in different regions of the country.

Last Modified: 07/11/2016