Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination based on race, color, or national origin in programs or activities receiving federal financial assistance. All federal agencies that provide grants of assistance are required to enforce Title VI. The U.S. Department of Education gives grants of financial assistance to schools, colleges, and certain other entities, including vocational rehabilitation programs.
Examples of discrimination covered by Title VI include racial harassment, school segregation, and denial of language services to English learners. The U.S. Department of Education Title VI regulation (Code of Federal Regulations at 34 CFR 100) is enforced by the Department's Office for Civil Rights.Title VI issues that OCR addresses include, but are not limited to:
- Access to Equal Education Opportunity
- Bullying and Harassment
- Equal Educational Opportunities for English Learners
- Equal Rights to Public Education Regardless of Immigration/Citizenship Status
- Racial Discrimination in School Discipline
- Racial Discrimination in Special Education
- Shared Ancestry Discrimination
- Supporting Racial Diversity
The Title VI regulation prohibits retaliation for filing an OCR complaint or for advocacy for a right protected by Title VI. Title VI also prohibits employment discrimination, but the protection against employment discrimination under Title VI is limited. As a result, most complaints OCR receives raising race, color, or national-origin discrimination in employment are referred to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
For more information on Education and Title VI please click here.
Links to Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and its implementing regulations: