Fiscal Year 2011 Budget Summary February 1, 2010
Section IV. Programs Proposed for Consolidation or Elimination
The current Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) authorizes numerous programs with similar purposes, creating fragmented and inefficient funding streams that too often led to a greater focus on complying with program requirements rather than improving student outcomes. Rather than running large numbers of separate grant competitions and monitoring compliance, the Administration's reauthorization proposal would consolidate 38 existing ESEA programs into 11 new authorities that allow the Department to direct funding to proven or promising practices while providing greater support and technical assistance to grantees. Similarly, as part of a proposal to reauthorize the Workforce Investment Act (WIA), the Administration's 2011 request includes proposals for consolidating 9 programs authorized under the Rehabilitation Act into 3 programs. The proposed consolidations would reduce duplication and administrative costs and improve program management, accountability, and the provision of rehabilitation and independent living services.
In addition, the 2011 request reflects the Administration's commitment to ending programs that national evaluations indicate are ineffective or, duplicative of other authorities, or are poorly structured to accomplish their objectives.
In fiscal year 2010, Congress accepted the Administration's recommendations to eliminate 4 programsSafe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities State Grants, Mentoring, Character Education, and the National Institute for Literacyfor a savings of $360.3 million that was redirected to higher priority activities.
For 2011, the Administration is proposing to eliminate 7 more programs, including the mandatory Federal Family Education Loans program. Under the President's budget, all new Stafford loans, Unsubsidized Stafford loans, PLUS loans, and Consolidation loans would be made by the Direct Loan program beginning July 1, 2010. Using low-cost capital to make student loans directly and thereby eliminating costly subsidies for the many financial intermediaries in the FFEL program would save an estimated $45.6 billion through 2020 that can be reinvested in other student aid programs like Pell Grants. In addition, the 2011 budget would terminate funding for 6 discretionary programs shown in the table below. Following the discretionary eliminations table is (1) a crosswalk of programs that would be consolidated into new authorities under the Administration's ESEA reauthorization proposal and (2) a brief summary of each program, in alphabetical order, that would be consolidated or eliminated under the 2011 request.
ESEA Reauthorization Consolidation Crosswalk
Effective Teachers and Leaders
Ready to Teach
Teacher Quality State Grants
Teacher and Leader Innovation Fund
Teacher Incentive Fund
Teacher and Leader Pathways
Teach for America
Teacher Quality Partnership
Teachers for a Competitive Tomorrow
Transition to Teaching
Effective Teaching and Learning for a Complete Education
Effective Teaching and Learning: Literacy
Literacy through School Libraries
National Writing Project
Reading is Fundamental
Effective Teaching and Learning: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics
Mathematics and Science Partnerships
Effective Teaching and Learning for a Well-Rounded Education
Teaching American History
Academies for American History and Civics
Excellence in Economic Education
Foreign Language Assistance
Arts in Education
Educational Technology State Grants
(note: incorporating the use of technology is integrated into many ESEA programs)
College Pathways and Accelerated Learning
High School Graduation Initiative
Javits Gifted and Talented Education
Successful, Safe, and Healthy Students
Alcohol Abuse Reduction
Elementary and Secondary School Counseling
Foundations for Learning
Mental Health Integration in Schools
Safe and Drug-Free Schools and
Communities National Activities
Expanding Educational Options
Charter Schools Grants
Credit Enhancement for Charter School
Parental Information and Resource Centers
Smaller Learning Communities
Voluntary Public School Choice
Programs Proposed for Consolidation or Elimination in Fiscal Year 2011
(figures reflect 2010 BA in millions)
|Academies for American History and Civics
This program, which makes 3 or 4 awards annually to support workshops for teachers and students in the areas of history and civics, is too small to have an impact on history and civics achievement nationally. The proposed Effective Teaching and Learning for a Well-Rounded Education authority would support similar activities.
This program, which supports the development and implementation of advanced credentials based on the content expertise of master teachers, would be consolidated into the proposed Teacher and Leader Innovation Fund.
Supports State and local efforts to increase access to Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate classes and tests for low-income students. Such activities would be supported under the proposed College Pathways and Accelerated Learning authority.
|Alcohol Abuse Reduction
This program supports projects to reduce alcohol abuse in secondary schools, an activity that could be funded under the proposed Successful, Safe, and Healthy Students program.
Supports noncompetitive awards to VSA Arts, a national organization that sponsors programs to encourage the involvement of, and foster greater awareness of the need for, arts programs for persons with disabilities, and to the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts for its arts education programs for children and youth, as well as competitive grants for the development of model arts education programs and for professional development for arts educators. The proposed Effective Teaching and Learning for a Well-Rounded Education authority would support similar activities.
|B.J. Stupak Olympic Scholarships
This program, which provides financial assistance to Olympic athletes who are pursuing a postsecondary degree, duplicates other programs that provide assistance to students to increase access to college. Athletes can receive grant, work-study, and loan assistance through the Department's postsecondary student aid programs.
|Byrd Honors Scholarships
This program, which supports merit-based scholarships to high school students through formula grants to States, duplicates other programs that provide assistance to students to increase college access. Students can receive grant, work-study, and loan assistance through the Department's postsecondary student aid programs.
|Charter Schools Grants
This program makes competitive grants to State educational agencies and charter schools to support the planning, design, initial implementation, and dissemination of information regarding charter schools. A portion of the funding supports State efforts to assist charter schools in obtaining facilities. The proposed Expanding Educational Options authority would continue and expand support for charter and other innovative, autonomous public schools.
Provides a non-competitive award to the Center for Civic Education to conduct We the People, a program to improve the quality of civics and government education, as well as non-competitive and competitive awards for the Cooperative Education Exchange, a program to improve civic and economic education through exchange programs. The proposed Effective Teaching and Learning for a Well-Rounded Education authority would support similar activities.
|Close Up Fellowships
Provides a non-competitive award to the Close Up Foundation to support fellowships to low-income students and teachers participating in Close Up visits to Washington, DC and other activities. The proposed Effective Teaching and Learning for a Well-Rounded Education authority would support similar activities.
|Credit Enhancement for Charter School Facilities
This program, currently funded through a set-aside of Charter School Grants funding, provides assistance to help charter schools meet their facility needs. The new Expanding Educational Options authority would continue to make available such assistance.
|Demonstration and Training Programs
This program, which supports competitive grants or contracts to expand and improve the provision of rehabilitation and other services authorized under the Rehabilitation Act, would be replaced with a new National Activities to Improve Rehabilitation Services program that would support projects designed to improve program performance and the delivery of vocational rehabilitation services, including technical assistance. In addition, the training activities under this program would be consolidated with the Training program.
|Educational Technology State Grants
This program supports State, district, and school efforts to integrate technology into curricula in order to improve teaching and learning, and is proposed for consolidation under the Effective Teaching and Learning for a Complete Education program. Under the new program's national activities authority, States would be eligible for formula funds to help strengthen the use of technology in the core academic subjects, including through the development and implementation of technology-enabled curriculum, assessments, professional development, and supporting tools and resources.
|Elementary and Secondary School Counseling
This program makes competitive grants to assist local educational agencies in developing or expanding elementary and secondary school counseling programs. These activities could be supported under the proposed Successful, Safe, and Healthy Students program.
These funds are used to evaluate the impact and effectiveness of programs authorized by the Rehabilitation Act. Under the request, short-term descriptive studies and program performance activities currently conducted under the Evaluation program would be conducted under the new National Activities to Improve Rehabilitation Services program and the National Institute for Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) would assume responsibility for conducting rigorous program evaluations and multi-year studies of programs authorized under the Rehabilitation Act. The Rehabilitation Services Administration would continue to play a major role in identifying evaluation and research needs related to the programs it administers and would work collaboratively with NIDRR in the development of evaluation proposals.
This program, which supports projects to improve educational opportunities for children and their parents in low-income areas by integrating early childhood education, adult education, and parenting education into "family literacy" programs, would be consolidated into the proposed Effective Teaching and Learning: Literacy authority, in part due to evaluation findings that children and adults participating in Even Start generally make no greater literacy gains than non-participants.
|Excellence in Economic Education
This program makes a competitive award to a national nonprofit education organization to promote economic and financial literacy among students in kindergarten through grade 12. The proposed Effective Teaching and Learning for a Well-Rounded Education authority would support similar activities.
|Exchanges with Historic Whaling and Trading Partners
This program supports culturally based educational activities, internships, apprenticeship programs and exchanges for Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, children and families of Massachusetts, and any federally recognized Indian tribe in Mississippi. All of the funding provided for the program is for statutory earmarks, and the Administration opposes the funding of earmarks because they support activities that have not gone through the rigor of a competitive process and have negligible accountability for results. Other Federal and non-Federal sources are available to support the activities carried out under this program.
|Federal Family Education Loans (mandatory)
Under the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) program, the Department pays entitlement subsidies to lenders to make loans to students, a more costly alternative to Direct Loans, under which the Department borrows from the Treasury to make loans directly to students. The FFEL program needlessly costs taxpayers billions of dollars and subjects students to uncertainty because of turmoil in the financial markets. The budget proposal would take advantage of low-cost and stable sources of capital so students are ensured access to loans, while providing high-quality services for students by using competitive, private providers to service loans. FFEL lenders would continue to receive subsidies on outstanding loans from prior academic years under the regular FFEL program and the emergency programs established by the Ensuring Continued Access to Student Loans Act of 2008.
|Foreign Language Assistance
Supports competitive grants to local educational agencies (LEAs), State educational agencies , and LEAs in partnership with institutions of higher education to establish or expand foreign language study in elementary and secondary schools. Similar activities would be supported through the new Effective Teaching and Learning for a Well-Rounded Education authority.
|Foundations for Learning
This program makes competitive grants to local educational agencies, local councils, community-based organizations, and other public or nonprofit entities to enhance young children's development and school readiness. Similar activities could be supported under the proposed Successful, Safe, and Healthy Students program.
|High School Graduation Initiative
Provides assistance to help schools implement comprehensive efforts to increase high school graduation rates. Such activities would be supported under the proposed College Pathways and Accelerated Learning authority, as well as by other reauthorized programs such as Title I College- and Career-Ready Students and School Turnaround Grants.
|Improving Teacher Quality State Grants
This program, which provides funds to States and LEAs to develop and support a high-quality teaching force through activities that are grounded in scientifically based research, would be replaced by the proposed Effective Teachers and Leaders program, which would emphasize the identification of effective teachers and leaders and improving the distribution of such teachers and leaders across high- and low-poverty schools.
|Independent Living Centers
The Centers for Independent Living program provides competitive grants for consumer-controlled, community-based, cross-disability, nonresidential, private nonprofit agencies that are designed and operated within a local community by individuals with disabilities and provide an array of independent living services. This program would be consolidated into a single new formula grants program, Grants for Independent Living, which would support State-level activities and subgrants to independent living centers. This consolidation would reduce program duplication, give States more control over their independent living programs, and increase accountability for implementing effective service systems and improving services in areas with unmet needs.
|Independent Living State Grants
This program makes formula grants to States that are used to provide independent living services and support independent living centers and state planning efforts. This program would be consolidated into a single new formula grant program, Grants for Independent Living, which would support State-level activities and subgrants to independent living centers. The consolidation would reduce program duplication, give States more control over their independent living programs, and increase accountability for implementing effective service systems and improving services in areas with unmet needs.
|Javits Gifted and Talented Education
Supports research, demonstration projects, and other activities designed to help elementary and secondary schools meet the needs of gifted and talented students. Such activities would be supported under the proposed College Pathways and Accelerated Learning authority.
|Leveraging Educational Assistance Partnerships
This program has accomplished its objective of stimulating all States to establish need-based postsecondary student grant programs, and Federal incentives for such aid are no longer required. State grant levels have expanded greatly over the years, and most States significantly exceed the statutory matching requirements. State matching funds in academic year 2007-2008, for example, totaled nearly $1 billion or more than $950 million over the level generated by a dollar-for-dollar match.
|Literacy Through School Libraries
Helps school districts improve literacy skills by providing students with increased access to up-to-date school library materials and professionally certified school library media specialists. The proposed Effective Teaching and Learning: Literacy authority would make funding available to support such activities.
|Loan Repayment for Civil Legal Assistance Attorneys
This program, first funded in 2010, provides up to $40,000 in loan forgiveness to individuals who enter and continue employment as civil legal assistance attorneys. This new program is unnecessary since civil legal service attorneys already qualify for loan forgiveness benefits under the Public Service Loan Forgiveness provisions of the William D. Ford Direct Student Loan program. In addition, the Department has found loan forgiveness programs funded through discretionary funds to be inequitable, given the likelihood that available funding will not be sufficient to fund awards to all eligible recipients.
|Mathematics and Science Partnerships
This program, which supports State and local efforts to improve students' academic achievement in mathematics and science by promoting strong teaching skills for elementary and secondary school teachers, would be replaced by the proposed Effective Teaching and Learning: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics program. The new program would support professional development for STEM teachers, implementation of high-quality curriculum, assessments, and instructional materials, and creation or improvement of systems for linking student data on assessments with instructional supports such as lesson plans and intervention strategies
|Mental Health Integration in Schools
This program makes competitive grants to State educational agencies, local educational agencies, and Indian tribes to increase student access to mental health services by supporting programs that link school systems with the local mental health system. The proposed Successful, Safe, and Healthy Students program would continue to support such activities to improve the mental health of students.
|Migrant and Seasonal Farm Workers
This program makes comprehensive vocational rehabilitation (VR) services available to migrant and seasonal farm workers with disabilities, with the goal of increasing employment opportunities for them. To eliminate duplication and administrative inefficiencies, this program would be consolidated with the VR State Grants program. Consolidation would allow a stronger Federal focus on increasing the employment opportunities for all eligible individuals, including migrant and seasonal farm workers with disabilities.
|National Writing Project
This program makes a non-competitive award to the non-profit National Writing Project organization to support the effective teaching of writing in grades K-16. The National Writing Project would be able to compete for continued funding under the proposed Effective Teaching and Learning: Literacy authority.
|Parental Information and Resource Centers
his program makes competitive awards to provide training, information, and support to State educational agencies, local educational agencies, and other organizations in carrying out parent education and family involvement activities. The proposed Expanding Educational Options program would continue to support such activities.
|Physical Education Program
This program makes grants to local educational agencies and community-based organizations to pay for initiating, expanding, and improving physical education programs for students in kindergarten through 12th grade, activities that would continue to be supported under the proposed Successful, Safe, and Healthy Students program.
Program funds are used to support projects designed to increase the Department's capacity for providing technical assistance to State VR agencies and other grantees. Technical assistance and program improvement activities currently supported under this program would be conducted under a new consolidated National Activities to Improve Rehabilitation Services program.
|Projects With Industry
Creates and expands job and career opportunities for individuals with disabilities in the competitive labor market by engaging the participation of business and industry in the rehabilitation process. Grantees provide job development, job placement, and career development services, and, to the extent appropriate, training services to assist individuals with disabilities to obtain or advance in employment in the competitive labor market. This program would be consolidated with the Vocational Rehabilitation State Grants program, which already provides similar services to the same target population as Projects With Industry.
|Reading is Fundamental/Inexpensive Book Distribution
This program makes a noncompetitive award to the Reading is Fundamental (RIF) organization to support local nonprofit groups and volunteer organizations that serve low-income children through book distribution and reading motivation activities. RIF would be able to compete for continued funding under the proposed Effective Teaching and Learning: Literacy authority.
This program makes competitive awards to support the development and distribution of educational television and video programming and related outreach materials for preschool and elementary school children and their parents that are designed to improve school readiness and academic achievement. Competitive funding for such activities would be available under the new Effective Teaching and Learning: Literacy authority.
This program makes competitive awards to nonprofit telecommunications entities for programs to improve teaching in core curriculum areas, and to develop, produce, and distribute educational and instructional video programming. Similar activities would be supported by the new Effective Teachers and Leaders authority.
|Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities National Activities
Supports competitive grants and other discretionary activities to foster a safe, secure, and drug-free learning environment, facilitate emergency management and preparedness, and prevent drug use and violence by students at all educational levels. The proposed Successful, Safe, and Healthy Students program would continue to make available funding for such activities.
This program supports competitive grants to assist high-need local educational agencies (LEAs) in recruiting, preparing, and retaining principals and assistant principals. The proposed Teacher and Leader Pathways program would support similar activities.
|Smaller Learning Communities
This program makes competitive grants to local educational agencies to create smaller, more personalized learning environments in large schools. The new Expanding Educational Options authority would make available competitive funding for such activities.
This program, which was expanded in the 2010 appropriations act, supports efforts to improve the literacy skills, including pre-literacy skills, reading, and writing, of students from birth through grade 12. Similar activities would be a key focus of the new Effective Teaching and Learning: Literacy authority.
|Supported Employment State grants
This formula grant program provides supplemental funds to State VR agencies for providing supported employment services for individuals with the most significant disabilities participating in the VR State Grants program. This program would be consolidated with the VR State Grants program, as it has accomplished its goal and State VR agencies recognize supported employment as an integral part of the VR State Grants program and a viable employment option for individuals with the most significant disabilities.
This program makes a non-competitive award to Teach for America, Inc., which recruits, selects, trains, and supports recent college graduates who commit to serve as teachers in high-need schools and LEAs for at least 2 years. TFA would be able to compete for continued funding under the proposed Teacher and Leader Pathways authority.
|Teacher Incentive Fund
This program makes competitive awards to improve student achievement by increasing teacher and principal effectiveness; reform teacher and principal compensation systems so that teachers and principals are rewarded for gains in student achievement; increase the number of effective teachers teaching low-income, minority, and disadvantaged students in hard-to-staff subjects; and create sustainable performance-based compensation systems. These activities would continue to be supported through the proposed Teacher and Leader Innovation Fund.
|Teachers for a Competitive Tomorrow
This small program includes two activities that could be supported under the proposed Teacher and Leader Pathways program. The Baccalaureate STEM and foreign language teacher training component provides competitive grants for programs that provide courses of study in STEM and critical foreign languages that are integrated with teacher education and lead to a baccalaureate degree in the primary subject matter with a concurrent teacher certification. The Master's STEM and foreign language teacher training component provides competitive grants for 2- or 3- year part-time master's degree programs in STEM or critical foreign languages that lead to a 1-year master's degree in teaching that results in teacher certification.
|Teacher Quality Partnership
This program, which supports the development and implementation of model teacher preparation and teaching residency programs to improve the quality of teaching in high-need schools and early childhood education programs, would be consolidated into the proposed Teacher and Leader Pathways authority.
|Teaching American History
This program supports competitive grants to local educational agencies to promote the teaching of traditional American history in elementary and secondary schools as a separate academic subject. Similar activities would be supported through the new Effective Teaching and Learning for a Well-Rounded Education authority.
|Tech Prep Education State Grants
This program provides support for developing structural links between secondary and postsecondary institutions that integrate academic and career and technical education. No separate authority is needed for such activities, which may be funded through the Career and Technical Education (CTE) State Grants program within the larger context of career and technical education programs within the State, and the 2011 request consolidates Tech Prep funding into the CTE State Grants program.
|Transition to Teaching
This program supports competitive grants to develop and implement comprehensive approaches to training, placing, and supporting teacher candidates through alternative routes to teacher certification or licensure. The proposed Teacher and Leader Pathways authority would make available significantly greater resources for such activities.
|Underground Railroad Program
This program supports competitive grants to non-profit organizations to house, display, interpret, and provide information to schools, institutions of higher education, and the public regarding artifacts and other materials relating to the history of the Underground Railroad. This was not intended to be a permanent Federal responsibility.
Federal funds previously provided have enabled a number of grantees to make progress in securing private support to create endowments. Funding may also be available under competitions conducted by the Institute of Museum and Library Services.
|Voluntary Public School Choice
This program makes competitive grants to State and local educational agencies to implement programs that provide students, particularly students who attend low-performing schools, with expanded public school choice options. Such activities would continue to be supported under the proposed Expanding Educational Options program.
Institute of Education Sciences
For further information contact the ED Budget Service.
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