Pathways to Careers
A Guide to Building Partnerships for Workforce Education and Training

Comprehensive Resource List

2006 Vacancy/Turnover Study: Human Resources Data

Greater Cincinnati Health Council, 2006
Includes a survey administered to health care employers and a data report from the survey. Survey requests information on three topics: hiring and separation dates, openings and the number of current employees, and the time needed to fill positions. In addition to data on these topics, the report includes a list of vacancy/turnover job titles and descriptions.
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Allied Health Workforce Policy Board: Annual Legislative Report

Connecticut Allied Health Workforce Policy Board, 2007
Reviews current state initiatives involving faculty education, student recruitment and retention, college readiness, career pathways, and employer engagement in the allied health fields. Concludes with policy recommendations for alleviating health care workforce shortages.
Download/View PDF (107kb)

At-Risk Student Intervention Implementation Guide

At-Risk Student Committee (ARSC), South Carolina Education and Economic Development Coordinating Council, n.d.
Frames the issue of high school dropouts as a challenge to state economic development and presents a matrix of exemplary and promising research-based dropout prevention programs. Also includes the committee's definition of "at-risk," common indicators and behaviors of students at risk of dropping out, and program descriptions.
Download/View PDF (3.33mb)

Bridges to Careers for Low-Skilled Adults: A Program Development Guide

Women Employed, 2005
Offers guidance on creating and implementing "bridge programs," to provide basic skills training to low-skilled adults and prepare them for college. Contains tools and resources on forming partnerships, engaging employers, developing curriculum, identifying funding sources, and evaluating bridge programs.
Download/View PDF (714kb)

Bridge Program Planning Guide

Workforce Strategy Center, 2004
Describes features of "bridge programs" linking people with basic skills training for careers and postsecondary education and outlines steps in program implementation. Details key questions related to two phases of program implementation: mapping job/training opportunities and gaps and designing bridge programs to fill gaps, with a focus on curriculum, partnerships, employer involvement, and funding.
Download/View PDF (93kb)

Building a Competitive Workforce Through Career Pathways Systems: Partner Roles and Responsibilities

Workforce Strategy Center, MPR Associates, Inc., and DTI Associates, Inc. for the Strategic Partnerships for a Competitive Workforce (SPCW) Institutes, 2006
Offers guidelines developed for the SPCW initiative on identifying and selecting partners to support career pathways development. Describes the roles that typical partners (e.g., industry, the workforce investment system, and educational institutions) can play.
Download/View PDF (37kb)

Building an Advanced Manufacturing Pathway in West Central Ohio: A Study of Manufacturing Workforce Development Needs

Rhodes State College, 2004
Describes results of a manufacturing survey in West Central Ohio and the development of a design for an advanced manufacturing career pathway. Survey results focus on current and future manufacturing workforce needs in the region and identify skill-set gaps. Information on the advanced manufacturing career pathway includes a flow chart of program entry and exit points, as well as a chart of the skills needed at various job levels.
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Building Pathways to Success for Low-Skill Adult Students: Lessons for Community College Policy and Practice From a Longitudinal Student Tracking Study

D. Prince and D. Jenkins, Community College Research Center, CCRC Brief, No. 25, 2005
Presents research on the educational attainment and experiences of older adult students (age 25 and above) enrolled in community colleges in the state of Washington. Identifies "tipping points" at which students drop out of college and finds that that only 13 percent of English language learners went on to earn college credit. Includes policy recommendations for helping older students persist in community colleges.

Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) Regional Economic Accounts

Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce, n.d.
A page on the Bureau of Economic Analysis Web site that provides computer-generated narratives for states, counties, metropolitan statistical areas, and BEA areas. The narratives describe an area's projected personal income using current estimates, growth rates, and a breakdown of the sources of personal income. BEA also publishes Gross Domestic Product information for states and metropolitan areas.

Bureau of Labor Statistics: U.S. Economy at a Glance

U.S. Department of Labor-sponsored Web site, n.d.
Provides state and metropolitan area information and access to a wide range of additional employment, workforce, industry related data, and unemployment statistics.

Business Survey - North Carolina's Eastern Region (mail version)

Center for Regional Economic Competitiveness, n.d.
Mail survey sent to businesses in eastern North Carolina to determine their workforce needs. A low response rate led to a follow-up interview survey.
Download/View PDF (100kb)

Business Survey - North Carolina's Eastern Region (interview version)

Center for Regional Economic Competitiveness, n.d.
Open-ended questionnaire used to interview eastern North Carolina businesses to determine their workforce needs. An in-person data collection effort followed an earlier similar survey sent by mail. Local Chambers of Commerce and workforce boards helped conduct 250 company interviews, with goal of eliciting responses "in business terms."
Download/View PDF (101kb)

Career Ladder Advisory Committee: Legislative Report

Connecticut Career Ladder Advisory Committee, 2007
Annual report from a legislative committee created to develop statewide career pathways in Connecticut. Summarizes pilot activities to promote career exploration in health care, early childhood education, and technology. Recommends increased state funding to expand career pathways.
Download/View PDF (93kb)

CareerOneStop: State Labor Market Information Center

U.S. Department of Labor-sponsored Web site, n.d.
Provides links to state workforce and labor market information Web sites and portals.

CareerOneStop: Regional Economic Development

U.S. Department of Labor-sponsored Web site, n.d.
Supports the Workforce Innovation in Regional Economic Development (WIRED) initiative's Blueprint and features hyperlinks to a wide variety of information sources and tools for regional economic development and the emerging talent development system including a catalogue of workforce information sources.

The Career Pathways How-To Guide

D. Jenkins and C. Spence, Workforce Strategy Center, 2006
Second in a series of three reports called Pathways to Competitiveness, highlights examples of effective policies and programs in support of career pathways. Guides users through five stages of pathways development: gap analysis, planning, implementation, continuous improvement, and expansion. Includes tips and lessons learned for state administrators based on experiences in pathways development and implementation in California, Kentucky, Ohio, Oregon, and Washington state.
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Caring Is Diverse

Oregon Center for Nursing (OCN), n.d. "Caring Knows No Boundaries" poster designed to encourage diversity in the nursing field. Part of a larger recruitment campaign run by OCN to alleviate the statewide nursing shortage.

Centralized Clinical Placements for Nursing Students: A Review of Existing Models and Considerations for Massachusetts

Tobin Communications and Farley Associates, Inc. for the Massachusetts Board of Higher Education, 2005
Examines the centralized clinical placement model for nursing education programs in Massachusetts, which helps programs coordinate clinical placements for their students in a more organized and less time-consuming way. Reviews similar models at four sites in California and Oregon, analyzes their commonalities, and summarizes results of a focus group of educators and employers in the field.
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The Centralized Clinical Placement System (CCPS)

The Bay Area Nursing Resource Center, n.d. Example of an online, centralized clinical placement program, which serves as the single coordinating body for nursing education clinical placements in nine counties in the San Francisco Bay area. Users can request placements, approve placements, and print schedules. The CCPS Web site also provides user and operating manuals, a checklist, and tips for getting started with the system.

Chicago Advanced Manufacturing Training Alliance Career Pathway for Production Workers

Davis Jenkins, University of Illinois at Chicago, n.d.
Illustrates a career pathway for production workers, starting with laborer jobs and ending with technical supervisor/sales positions. Also provides sample job titles, wages, and qualifications by job level and program requirements, content, and goals by program level.
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Clinical Placement Program

Oregon Center for Nursing, n.d.
A brief description on Web site of Oregon's clinical placement program for nursing students, including the program's mission, advantages, accomplishments, and expansion goals.

College and Career Transition Initiative (CCTI)

The League for Innovation in the Community College, n.d.
Partially funded by the U.S. Department of Education, this Web site includes helpful resources such as the CCTI College Toolkit, Career Pathways Plans of Study, and a searchable inventory of current practices. Materials are designed to strengthen the role of technical schools and community colleges by easing student transitions between secondary and postsecondary education and to employment and by improving academic performance at both the secondary and postsecondary levels.

College and Career Transitions Initiative's Career Pathways Technical Assistance Package

The College and Career Transition Initiative, n.d.
An online resource created by representatives of secondary and postsecondary education, business and industry, and government leaders to provide clear direction to colleges and secondary schools in working with employers to develop career pathways.

Community Economic Development HotReport

U.S. Department of Labor, U.S. Census Bureau, and U.S. Department of Commerce-sponsored Web site, n.d.
Provides community and business leaders quick access to information tailored to economic development decision-making. Free service offers a multifaceted view of local and regional economic information using graphs, maps, tables, and text. Topics include the population, demographics, economy, top industries and occupations, transportation, housing, and community assets.

Connecticut Women's Education and Legal Fund (CWEALF)

Connecticut Women's Education and Legal Fund (CWEALF), n.d.
Web site for nonprofit organization that advocates for women's rights in public policy related to family law, education, employment, and civil rights. Supports the work of the Campaign for a Working Connecticut and links to research reports on career pathways in the state and other workforce development topics.

Critical Condition: The Urgent Need to Expand Healthcare Education in Central Florida

O-Force (The Orlando Regional Partnership for Tomorrow's Workforce), 2004
Documents the growing gap between the demand for health care services in Central Florida and the capacity of the region's health care education programs. Describes barriers to effective health care education, including funding, faculty, and recruitment issues, and recommends ways for state government, education, and the health care industry to expand nursing education.
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Cullman Area Workforce Solutions (CAWS)

Web site designed and maintained by CAWS, an industry-driven partnership supporting career pathways development and implementation in Cullman, Ala. Web site is still under development and will include information for job seekers, parents, and students. Currently includes background information on CAWS and a discussion forum.

Cullman Area Workforce Solutions Employment Needs Survey

Cullman Area Workforce Solutions (CAWS), 2007
One-page survey administered by CAWS to local employers, with questions about types and numbers of available jobs, specific hard-to-fill positions, and training needs.
Download/View PDF (81kb)

Cullman Area Workforce Solutions Employment Needs Survey Summary

Cullman Area Workforce Solutions (CAWS), 2007
Compilation of direct responses to the CAWS employment needs survey. Includes employers' comments on the quality of the applicant pool, need for skill upgrades, and suggestions for strengthening regional workforce development activities.
Download/View PDF (100kb)

Cullman Area Workforce Solutions: Mission and List of Activities

Cullman Area Workforce Solutions (CAWS), 2007
Marketing tool developed to advertise CAWS and related activities to regional employers, educators, job-seekers, parents, and students. Describes current projects, including the Educator Exchange, Career Expo, and programs for 8th-12th grade students.
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Cullman Area Workforce Solutions Newspaper Tab

Cullman Area Workforce Solutions (CAWS), 2007
Designed by a regional partnership in Cullman, Ala., to market career pathways and job opportunities in a variety of industries, as well as training programs at the local community college. Runs quarterly as an insert in the local newspaper.
Download/View PDF (1.14mb)

Cullman Area Workforce Solutions Resource and Training Manual

Cullman Area Workforce Solutions (CAWS), 2007
Comprehensive manual of career-related information for Cullman, Ala., including job opportunities, career training, adult education programs, postsecondary educational institutions, and more. Designed for businesses, job seekers, and incumbent workers.
Download/View PDF (4.18mb)

Developing Career Pathways in Healthcare for Waukesha County: A Strategic Partnership

Waukesha County Strategic Partnership, 2007
White paper developed by the SPCW team from Waukesha County (WI) that analyzes data on the local health care workforce and reviews the partnership's career pathways development activities. Presents employment data, including projected needs and shortages through 2014, and concludes that demand for qualified health care workers exceeds the region's capacity to recruit and train enough employees. Describes the partnership's mission, vision, and strategy for implementing career pathways as a solution.
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Dream It, Do It

National Association of Manufacturers and the Manufacturing Institute, n.d.
National advertising campaign developed to encourage young adults to pursue careers in manufacturing. Web site features sample print, radio, and online ads based on conversations with high school students about careers. It includes the online Career Tool-Kit, designed to challenge students to connect their personal passions with jobs through such tools and resources as the dream career quiz, career calculator, internship search, career profiles, and more.

Economic and Skills Gap Analysis

Workforce Strategy Center, MPR Associates, Inc., and DTI Associates, Inc. for the Strategic Partnerships for a Competitive Workforce (SPCW) Institutes, 2006
Used at the SPCW institutes to describe a process that helps partnerships assess how well their communities' education, workforce, and social services support worker access to and job advancement in high-growth industries. Outlines how to identify and collect regional demographic data and analyze current and projected workforce needs.
Download/View PDF (500kb)

Employer Interview Protocol

Workforce Strategy Center, MPR Associates, Inc., and DTI Associates, Inc. for the Strategic Partnerships for a Competitive Workforce (SPCW) Institutes, 2006
Shared with teams at the SPCW institutes, document provides a framework and sample interview questions for education providers to ask potential industry partners. Questions focus on workforce development goals, challenges in meeting goals, and anticipated workforce needs.
Download/View PDF (33kb)

The Gulf Coast Workforce System: Bringing People and Jobs Together. The "Front-End" Pieces of the Strategic Plan: Core Values, Mission, Vision, and Ends, 2003-2008

The Gulf Coast Workforce System, 2003
Draft outline of the Gulf Coast (Texas) workforce system's strategic plan. Includes the workforce investment board's vision, mission, and anticipated results.
Download/View PDF (81kb)

Healthcare Career Flyers

Partners for a Healthy Community (PHC), 2007
Ten downloadable flyers about high-demand careers in health care, such as cardiovascular technology, dental hygiene, radiography, registered nursing, and others. Presents career-related information, including typical job descriptions and median salaries.

Healthcare Career Ladder

Workforce Development, Inc., 2007
Sample health care career pathways map from high school through graduate school developed by the SPCW team from Southeast Minnesota. Models many "exit points" from training to employment.
Download/View PDF (48kb)

Healthcare Career Pathways

Workforce Strategy Center, MPR Associates, Inc., and DTI Associates, Inc. for the Strategic Partnerships for a Competitive Workforce (SPCW) Institutes, 2006
Illustrates health care career pathways in patient care, medical administration, and allied health. Shows job opportunities available by education level (e.g., GED, GED/Associate's, Associate's, and Bachelor's degrees).
Download/View PDF (53kb)

Long-Term Care Skilled Worker Pathway

Riverland Community College, 2007
Sample career pathways map for long-term care developed by the SPCW team from Southeast Minnesota. Lays out pathway from secondary health care academy through college health care programs with overlapping recruitment and retention chart.
Download/View PDF (11kb)

Make It! (in Manufacturing Technology)

Manufacturing Technology of Minnesota, n.d.
Statewide advertising campaign in Minnesota to educate residents about careers in manufacturing technology. "Make It" refers to hands-on jobs and the opportunity to "make" a career in the industry. Web site contains information for job seekers, educators, and businesses about activities such as classroom-speaker and job-shadowing programs and career fairs; and provides descriptions of several careers in manufacturing technology.

Men in Nursing

Oregon Center for Nursing (OCN), 2007
"Are you Man Enough for Nursing?" poster designed to encourage men to pursue careers in nursing. Part of a larger recruitment campaign run by OCN to alleviate the statewide nursing shortage.

Navigate Your Career

Broward County Community College, 2007
Brochure on the associate degree program in Marine Engineering Management.
Download/View PDF (1.66mb)

North Carolina's Eastern Region (NCER)

North Carolina's Eastern Region-sponsored Web site, n.d.
Web site houses regional economic and labor market data for 13 counties in eastern North Carolina. Includes a copy of the NCER business survey and various reports and publications on regional economic development.

Nurse Educator Recruitment Campaign

Nurses for a Healthier Tomorrow, n.d.
Four downloadable, color-print advertisements for recruiting nurse educators to teach in nursing education programs and at clinical sites. Campaign responds to a critical need to increase the health care workforce by recruiting new faculty and includes a downloadable recruitment flyer, profiles of nurse educators, and "ready to run" articles that can be adapted for various publications.

Nursing and Allied Health Demand in Central Florida Hospitals: Vacancies, Turnover, and Future Need for Personnel: A Report from the Data Collection and Forecasting Committee

J. Nooney, M.L. Brunell, and D. Lenahan, Partners for a Health Community (PHC), 2007
Summarizes results from a survey of area hospitals in central Florida to determine regional demand for nurses and other allied health staff. Includes individual hospital-level data on the number of nurses employed in the region, vacancies, and turnover rates. Found that all hospitals reported a projected growth in their nurse staffing needs. A copy of the survey is included in the appendix.
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Partners for a Healthy Community

Partners for a Healthy Community (PHC), 2005
Summary of Partners for a Healthy Community, a partnership of health care providers, educational institutions, and community organizations dedicated to promoting and expanding the health care industry in Central Florida. Describes PHC's mission, members, and research agenda.
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Regional Economic Development Quick Start Action Planner (QSAP)

Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, n.d.
Online self-assessment tool, available on Workforce3One Web site, designed to help workforce development stakeholders create and implement a process for regional asset alignment, economic transformation, and action. Provides a list of indicators to use in assessing an area's current situation and identify action steps for effectively implementing regional economic planning and development strategies. After completing the self-assessment, users receive a detailed report with direct links to online tools, information, and resources.

Return on Investment: Healthcare Academy

Riverland Healthcare Academy, 2007
Calculates the return on investment for a local health care academy for high school students in Southeast Minnesota. Shows sample costs and returns that other communities might want to consider in evaluating investments in career pathways.
Download/View PDF (36kb)

SPCW Employer Engagement Webinar

Workforce3One, 2007
Webinar provides a model for partnerships interested in maximizing the effectiveness of their workforce investment board and developing industry-based, employer-led systems. Includes presentations from Rodney Bradshaw with the Gulf Coast Workforce Board in Texas and Matt Kinkley with West Central Ohio Tech Prep Consortium. To access the webinar, users are required to register with the Workforce3One Web site.
Recorded Version:

Star Academy Effectiveness Report

At-Risk Student Committee (ARSC), South Carolina Education and Economic Development Coordinating Council, 2007
Evaluation of the Star Academy, a dropout prevention program developed by ARSC. Program targets middle school students and ninth-grade repeaters. Found that program meets its primary goals of engaging students in learning; accelerating the learning of students who had previously failed; encouraging students to enroll in the district's career tech school; and having the district sustain the model beyond the pilot year.
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Strategic Planning Guide

Workforce Strategy Center, MPR Associates, Inc., and DTI Associates, Inc. for the Strategic Partnerships for a Competitive Workforce (SPCW) Institutes, 2006
Template to help SPCW teams and other partnerships create a strategic plan for developing and implementing career pathways. Describes a six-phase model that includes: planning, developing a vision and mission statement, assessing partners' resources, prioritizing objectives and goals, writing a strategic plan, and budgeting. Includes sample activities for each phase and a template adaptable to teams' needs.
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Survey of Nurse Employers

North Carolina Center for Nursing, n.d.
Survey administered to nursing employers every two years to track change in the nursing labor market. Includes questions about the number of nurses employed and recruited, as well as expenditures on staffing and overtime.

Sustainability Options for Framework Integration and Expansion

Workforce Strategy Center, MPR Associates, Inc., and DTI Associates, Inc. for the Strategic Partnerships for a Competitive Workforce (SPCW) Institutes, 2006
Developed for the SPCW institutes, highlights tips for leveraging resources from various partners, including employers, private foundations, and community-based organizations, to sustain career pathways.
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Take the Helm and Navigate Your Career

Broward County Community College, 2007
Advertisement for the Marine Engineering Management Program at Broward County Community College. Includes an information request form.
Download/View PDF (502kb)

Team Arlington Celebrates 5th Anniversary Promoting Arlington's Economic Development

Team Arlington, Arlington (Texas) Chamber of Commerce, 2007
Newsletter published by the Arlington, Texas Chamber of Commerce to commemorate the fifth anniversary of Team Arlington, a partnership led by the Chamber to support regional economic development activities, including career pathways development. Articles feature the partnership's history and activities since 2002, current members, and recent advocacy work.
Download/View PDF (910kb)

U.S. Census Bureau State and County Quick Facts

U.S. Census Bureau, n.d.
Online resource that provides easy access to facts about people, business, and geography.

U.S. Census Bureau Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics

U.S. Census Bureau, n.d.
Supplies statistics onemployment, job creation, turnover, and earnings by industry, age and sex at the state, county, and subcounty level.

Using Data to Design, Manage, and Improve Career Pathways

D. Jenkins, Community College Research Center and Workforce Strategy Center, n.d.
Outlines key questions to be asked at each stage of the career pathways development process and lists possible sources of data for answering them.
Download/View PDF (76kb)

West Central Ohio Manufacturing Consortium (WCOMC)

Web site for a partnership of manufacturers dedicated to improving the workforce in West Central Ohio and overseeing career pathways in advanced manufacturing. Includes mission statement, by-laws, career pathways information, and more.

West Central Ohio Manufacturing Consortium By-Laws

West Central Ohio Manufacturing Consortium (WCOMC), n.d.
Official by-laws developed by the WCOMC, which oversees career pathways in the region in collaboration with Rhodes State College. Establishes a board of directors and steering committee, outlines responsibilities of consortium staff, and discusses subcommittees, membership, finances, and amendments. Includes partnership agreement between college and industry partners.
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West Central Ohio Manufacturing Consortium Interview Procedure

West Central Ohio Manufacturing Consortium (WCOMC), 2007
Guidelines for conducting interviews to determine employers' workforce needs developed by Rhodes State College and WCOMC with funding from the KnowledgeWorks Foundation. Includes suggestions for pre- and post-interview activities.
Download/View PDF (90kb)

West Central Ohio Manufacturing Consortium Interview Template

West Central Ohio Manufacturing Consortium (WCOMC), n.d.
Survey developed by Rhodes State College and WCOMC with funding from the KnowledgeWorks Foundation and distributed to 43 manufacturers in West Central Ohio. Questions focus on manufacturers' needs with respect to products, processes, and personnel to identify job categories and training opportunities for each company.
Download/View PDF (48kb)

West Central Ohio Manufacturing Consortium Job Category Skill Set Grid

West Central Ohio Manufacturing Consortium (WCOMC), n.d.
Based on results from the WCOMC manufacturer survey, categorizes skills, education, and training requirements for jobs at 43 companies in West Central Ohio.
Download/View PDF (77kb)


U.S. Department of Labor-sponsored Web site, n.d.
Online clearinghouse of workforce development events, resources, and tools for economic developers, educators, employers, and members of the workforce investment system. Compiles "workforce solutions" in a variety of categories, such as competency models and career ladders, curriculum materials, and program management tools. Applicable to a wide range of industries, including biotechnology, health care services, and construction. Site requires free registration.

Working Together: Aligning State Systems and Policies for Individual and Regional Prosperity

Workforce Strategy Center, 2006
Report outlining the possibilities and challenges for state-level policymakers who seek to align policies and resources in support of worker advancement. Examines policy improvements that states can make to improve outcomes for adult students. Recommendations focus on six broad areas of public policy: promoting access to career pathways programs, improving alignment of policies and resources, encouraging transitions, incorporating employer demand into education planning, building capacity and financing improvement, and measuring results.
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Department of Education logo

This represents a major section of Pathways to Careers: A Guide to Building Partnerships for Workforce Education and Training, a document that reports on activities connected with an initiative jointly sponsored by the U.S. departments of Education and Labor (the Strategic Partnerships for a Competitive Workforce initiative). It was produced under U.S. Department of Education Contract No. ED-04-CO-0121/0001 with MPR Associates. Jessica Reed served as the contracting officer's representative. The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent the positions or policies of the departments of Education or Labor. No official endorsement by the departments of Education or Labor of any product, commodity, service or enterprise mentioned in this publication is intended or should be inferred. Further, the inclusion of URLs is a convenience to the reader; it does not imply endorsement by the departments of Education and Labor of either the information presented on these Web sites or of the organizations that sponsor them. All URLs were last accessed on June 16, 2008.

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Last Modified: 05/11/2009