A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n


Nancy Paulu has been a writer and editor for the U.S. Department of Education since 1986 and is the author of several books on education reform for the Department. Previously, she was an assistant editor of the Harvard Education Letter and a newspaper reporter in Minneapolis, Minnesota, and Quincy, Massachusetts. She has also been a commentator and interviewer on public television. She received her bachelor's degree from Lawrence University and a master's degree in education from Harvard as a Bush Leadership Fellow. She is the mother of a young daughter.

Margery Martin has edited and rewritten many of the U.S. Department of Education's publications on improving education and has specialized in developing and designing new types of publications for the Department, the U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the Oklahoma Crime Commission. She attended Oklahome State University where she was a liberal arts major. She raised two stepchildren and has four grandchildren.

Margaret Scott is an award-winning illustrator and designer who contributes to several national magazines, including Science and Children and Smithsonian. Her artwork is also seen on the editorial pages of the Washington Post, the Kansas City Star, the Philadelphia Inquirer, and other newspapers. She has illustrated eight books in the past four years for groups such as the American Psychological Association, Reading is Fundamental, and B'nai B'rith Women. She earned a bachelor's degree from Syracuse University and attended the Maryland Institute College of Art in Baltimore.

This booklet has been made possible with help from the following people who reviewed early drafts, provided materials and suggestions, or both: Mitchell Pearlstein, Audrey Champagne, Sally Crissman, Joyce Epstein, Doug Lapp, Susan Loucks-Horsley, Phyllis Marcuccio, Susan Snyder, Kate Dorrell, Pat Bonner, Annette Duff, Mary Levy, Phyllis Katz, Gene Vosicky, James Kessler, Carol Boggs, Robin Michael, and many individuals within the Office of Educational Research and Improvement.

Special thanks go to Senta Raizen, Director of the National Center for Improving Science Education, who provided continuing guidance and support. Much of the conceptual material in this book is drawn from the Center's report, Getting Started in Science: A Blueprint for Elementary School Science Education.


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