A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

Helping Your Child Learn Geography - October 1996

Location: Position on the Earth's Surface

Look at a map or globe. Where are places located? Every place has a "global address" that tells exactly where in the world it's located, just as your home has a street address. There are two numbers in a global address--a number for latitude and one for longitude. If you know these numbers and how to use them, you can find any place in the world and give its absolute location. (For definitions, see the glossary at the end of this booklet.)

Why are things located in particular places and how do these places influence our lives? Location can describe how one place relates to another. For example, the Panama Canal was cut across an extremely narrow strip of land in Central America. It provides a shipping lane between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, eliminating the need for long, dangerous journeys around South America.


Learning Direction

Get the Map Habit

Put your child's natural curiosity to work. Even small children can learn to read simple maps of their school, neighborhood, and community. Here are some simple map activities you can do with your children.

Location Is Everything!

Children use all of their senses to learn about the world. Objects that they can touch, see, smell, taste, and hear help them understand the link between a model (such as a map) and the real thing.


Make the paste by mixing 1 part flour with 2 parts water. Tear Newspaper strips about 1 inch wide and 3 inches long. Blow up a balloon and tie it. Dip the strips into the paste and wrap the balloon as smoothly as possible with one layer of the papier-maché strips. Then wrap it again with three more layers; at this stage, try using the papier-maché to make models of mountains and valleys. Let the wrapped balloon dry for at least 24 hours. Then using poster or tempera paints, paint the continents and oceans.

[Introduction] [Table of Contents] [Place: Physical and Human Characteristics]