A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

U.S. Department of Education Strategic Plan, 1998-2002 - September 1997

Facts about the Department
of Education

  • The Department of Education (ED) is the smallest federal department, with less than 5,000 staff. Our full-time equivalent (FTE) staffing ceiling in FY 1997 is 4,613.

  • The number of programs administered in FY 1997 was 197.

  • We provided or oversaw $67.6 billion in aid to education in FY 1997. This figure includes program funding, new student loans, and federal administration. It breaks down as follows:

    • Congressional appropriations for program activities: $32.0 billion. These funds are used for grants to state and local agencies, higher education institutions, and other entities; contracts; and subsidies for direct and guaranteed student loans.

    • New student loans: $34.7 billion. Postsecondary education student loans are made by ED or guaranteed by ED and issued by banks and other financial institutions.

    • Federal administration: $807.7 million. Department of Education salaries and expenses totaled 1.2% of the FY 1997 dollars for aid to education.

  • We are responsible for a portfolio of outstanding student loans that totaled about $131 billion in FY 1997.

  • Federal funds from all federal agencies represent a small but important proportion of K-12 education funding and postsecondary general institutional funding, but provide or guarantee a very large share of student financial aid. In 1994-95, federal education funds represented-

    • 8.7% of all education funding (public and private).
    • 6.3% of K-12 funding (public and private).
    • 12.3% of funding for postsecondary institutions (excluding student financial aid).
    • 74.7% of all student financial aid awarded to postsecondary students.

[The U.S. Department of Education's Seven Priorities] [Table of Contents] [Introduction]