Archived Information

State of the Art

Transforming Ideas for Teaching and Learning

To Read

November 1993

Table of Contents

Cover Page

This booklet is organized into 10 interrelated ideas for transforming the teaching and learning of reading. For ease of discussion, these ideas are both presented separately and built one upon the other, as are the illustrations that accompany them.


image omitted 1. Children, when reading, construct their own meaning.
image omitted 2. Effective reading instruction can develop engaged readers who are knowledgeable, strategic, motivated, and socially interactive.
image omitted 3. Phonemic awareness, a precursor to competency in identifying words, is one of the best predictors of later success in reading.
image omitted 4. Modeling is an important form of classroom support for literacy learning.
image omitted 5. Storybook reading, done in the context of sharing experiences, ideas, and opinions, is a highly demanding mental activity for children.
image omitted 6. Responding to literature helps students construct their own meaning which may not always be the same for all readers.
image omitted 7. Children who engage in daily discussions about what they read are more likely to become critical readers and learners.
image omitted 8. Expert readers have strategies that they use to construct meaning before, during, and after reading.
image omitted 9. Children's reading and writing abilities develop together.
image omitted 10. The most valuable form of reading assessment reflects our current understanding about the reading process and simulates authentic reading tasks.

Suggested Reading

For the user's convenience we have also created an ASCII version of this document and compressed it (38K) for ease of downloading.

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