Archived Information

Transforming Ideas for Teaching and Learning The Arts - March 1997

Notes


  1. Ernest Boyer, former U.S. Commissioner of Education, to Mississippi State Arts Council Conference, Jackson, MS, August 1995.

  2. American Association of School Administrators,"Arts Education" in Curriculum Handbook for School Administrators. Washington, DC: AASA, 1967, p. 18.

  3. Westat, Inc., under contract with the U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, and the National Endowment for the Arts, Arts Education in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995, pp. iii-iv.

  4. David B. Pankratz and Kevin V. Mulcahy, The Challenge to Reform Arts Education, "The Interlochen Proposal I." New York: American Council for the Arts, 1989, p. 85.

  5. Consortium of National Arts Education Associations, National Standards for Arts Education. Reston, VA: Music Educators National Conference, 1994.

  6. Richard W. Riley, Secretary, U.S. Department of Education NEWS, Washington, DC. Released February 22, 1993.

  7. Richard W. Riley, to National Association of State Arts Agencies, Charleston, SC, November 19, 1993.

  8. 103rd Congress, "Goals 2000: Educate America Act'' (Public Law 103-227). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994, Title I--National Education Goals.

  9. The Pennsylvania State University, Arts Impact: Curriculum for Change: A Summary Report. Washington, DC: Office of Education, Arts and Humanities Program (DHEW), 1973, p. 42.

  10. Magnet Arts School, Eugene, Oregon Public Schools, Curriculum Guide Handbook, revised ed., 1985. p. 2.

  11. U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Programs for the Improvement of Practice, Blue Ribbon Schools: Outstanding Practices in the Arts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994. p. 3.

  12. Boyer.

  13. U.S. Conference of Mayors, "Official Policy Resolution,'' 63rd Annual Conference, Miami, FL, June 1995.

  14. Peter Costanzo and Timothy Russell,"Methodologies in Music Education" in Handbook of Research on Music Teaching and Learning. New York, NY: Schirmer Books, 1992, p. 504.

  15. Ronald Thomas, Manhattanville Curriculum Program. Final Report. Purchase, NY: Manhattanville College. (ERIC document number ED 045865AA000653.) 1970.

  16. Jane Alexander, Chairman, National Endowment for the Arts, Town Hall Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT, November 23, 1994.

  17. Costanzo and Russell, p. 527.

  18. Teresa Purcell, dance teacher, Kendall Park, New Jersey. Telephone interview, October 26, 1992.

  19. Robert Stake, Liora Bresler, Linda Mabry, Customs and Cherishings: The Arts in Elementary Schools. Urbana, IL: National Arts Education Research Center, University of Illinois, School of Music, 1991. p. 58.

  20. Arts IMPACT, p. 48.

  21. "Music, Music, Music." Snow Hill, MD: Worcester County Board of Education. (No date).

  22. Susan W. Stinson,"Meaning and Value: Reflections on What Students Say About School" in Schools, Communities, and the Arts: A Research Compendium, Tempe, AZ: Morrison Institute for Public Policy, School of Public Affairs, Arizona State University with the National Endowment for the Arts, 1995. p. 87.

  23. Annette F. Gourgey, Jason Bosseau, and Judith Delgado,"The Impact of an Improvisational Dramatics Program on Students Attitudes and Achievement" in Schools, Communities, and the Arts: A Research Compendium, p. 52.

  24. Marilee Mansfield Cowan and Faith M. Clover,"Enhancement of Self--Concept Through Discipline--Based Arts Education'' in Arts Education 44 (March 1991): pp. 45-50.

  25. T.J. Schuell,"The Role of Transfer in the Learning and Teaching of Music" in The Crane Symposium: Toward an Understanding of the Teaching and Learning of Musical Performance. Potsdam, NY: College of the State University of New York, 1988, pp. 151-152.

  26. 103rd Congress, "Improving America's Schools Act of 1994'' (Public Law 103-382). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994, Title X, Part D--Arts in Education.

  27. Stake, Bresler, and Mabry, p. 186.

  28. Christopher C. Allen,"C.A.P.E.R.: A Creative Unit for Band." Unpublished master's thesis, Washington, DC: The Catholic University of America, 1987.

  29. Richard W. Riley, Secretary, U.S. Department of Education NEWS. February 22, 1993.

  30. Rose Maree Myers, Principal, Ashley River Elementary School, as quoted in Learning Matters, Video 1201, PBS Series,"Broken Arts." South Carolina Educational Television, 1993.

  31. "Improving America's Schools Act of 1994,'' Title X, Part D.

  32. Jaye T. Darby and James S. Catterall,"The Fourth R: The Arts and Learning" in Schools, Communities, and the Arts: A Research Compendium, p. 69.

  33. Carol Fineberg,"Arts and Cognition: A Study of the Relationship Between Arts Partners Programs and the Development of Higher Level Thinking Processes in Elementary and Junior High School Studies" in Schools, Communities, and the Arts: A Research Compendium, p. 33.

  34. Carol P. Richardson and Nancy L. Whitaker,"Critical Music Teaching and Learning" in Handbook of Research on Music Teaching and Learning, pp. 553-554.

  35. Margot Faught, dancer, Indianapolis, Indiana, Telephone interview, October 26, 1992.

  36. R.A. Kozerski,"Computer Microworlds for Computer Composition and Education." Unpublished doctoral dissertation, San Diego, CA: University of San Diego, 1988.

  37. B.H. Conant,"A Study of the Cognitive Processes of Children Creating Music in a Computer Learning Environment." Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts, Amherst, 1988.

  38. Department of Instructional Services, Fairfax County, VA, Art Strategies for Instruction, Organization, Evaluation: Art Program of Studies, Grades 6-8. Fairfax, VA: Fairfax County School Board, 1993, p. 35.

  39. Learning Matters, Video 1201, PBS Series,"Broken Arts."

  40. James Irwin, Head of Music, Maret School, Washington, DC, telephone interview. October 12, 1992.

  41. Edith Wharton as quoted in The Arts and English Curricular Framework proposal. Montana Office of Public Instruction, 1993, p. 12.

  42. Learning Matters, Video 1201, PBS Series,"Broken Arts."

  43. Stake, Bresler, and Mabry, p. 324.

  44. Jerrold Ross, Director, National Arts Education Research Center, New York University, in letter to Milton Goldberg, Director, Office of Research, U.S. Department of Education, with the Fifth Year Report of the National Arts Education Research Center, May 22, 1992.

  45. Charles Fowler, Can We Rescue the Arts for America's Children? New York, NY : American Council for the Arts, 1988, p. 55.

  46. Elizabeth Murfee, Eloquent Evidence: Arts at the Core of Learning. Washington, DC: National Assembly of State Arts Agencies, 1995, p. 5.

  47. OMG, Inc. with Charles Fowler and Bernard J. McMullen, Understanding How the Arts Contribute to Excellent Education. Report prepared for the National Endowment for the Arts, Contract DCA-90-50, Philadelphia: OMG, Inc., Fall 1991, p. 29.

  48. Department of Instructional Services, Fairfax County, VA, p. 34.

  49. Arts IMPACT, p. 49.

  50. Policy Studies Associates, under contract with the U.S. Department of Education, Implementing Schoolwide Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1994, p. 72.

  51. OMG, Inc., pp. 32-33.

  52. Ibid., p. 19.

  53. Ernest Boyer, former U.S. Commissioner of Education, to the National Endowment for the Arts Conference, Chicago, IL, April 16, 1994.

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