A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

To Assure the Free Appropriate Public Education of All Children with Disabilities - 1996

Executive Summary

The Eighteenth Annual Report to Congress examines the progress being made toward implementing the requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The purposes of the Act are summarized below.

  1. To provide assistance to States to develop early intervention services for infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families, and to assure a free appropriate public education to all children and youth with disabilities.

  2. To assure that the rights of children and youth with disabilities from birth to age 21 and their families are protected.

  3. To assist States and localities to provide for early intervention services and the education of all children with disabilities.

  4. To assess and assure the effectiveness of efforts to provide early intervention services and educate children with disabilities.

This report provides a detailed description of the activities undertaken to implement the Act and an assessment of the impact and effectiveness of its requirements. The following brief summaries provide highlights of the information presented in the report.

Chapter 1: School-Age Students with Disabilities Served, Exiting Patterns, and Personnel Who Provide Special Education and Related Services

National statistics and analyses generated from State-reported data submitted annually to the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) are provided. A brief retrospective analysis of Federal funding patterns for special education is also included.

Chapter 2: Meeting the Needs of Preschool Children and Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities

This chapter provides an update on the implementation of the Preschool Grants Program (Section 619 of Part B) and the Early Intervention Program for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities (Part H). It includes a detailed analysis of the State-reported data and OSEP-funded projects related to serving children with disabilities from birth through age 5.

Chapter 3: Progress in Achieving the Full Participation of Students with Disabilities in Their Schools and Communities: Federal Initiatives

This chapter highlights the progress made toward full participation by students with disabilities as a result of the implementation of the Act. It includes data from several sources that highlight the postschool results for students with disabilities, and the State-reported school placement data for students ages 6-21. A summary of findings from site visits to five States that had OSEP-sponsored statewide systems change grants is also included.

Chapter 4: Meeting the Needs of Students with Disabilities in the Inner Cities

This chapter explores the unique challenges of special education programs in inner cities. The chapter synthesizes information from a variety of sources to provide a profile of special education in the nation's inner cities.

Chapter 5: Assisting States and Localities in Educating All Children with Disabilities

This chapter describes the efforts OSEP undertakes to assist State and local educational agencies in educating all children and youth with disabilities, and the refinements OSEP has made to its monitoring systems.

[List of Abbreviations and Acronyms] [Table of Contents] [Chapter 1]