A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

To Assure the Free Appropriate Public Education of All Children with Disabilities - 1996

Chapter 1

School-Age Students with Disabilities Served, Exiting Patterns, and Personnel Who Provide Special Education and Related Services

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires that all children and youth with disabilities have access to a free appropriate public education (FAPE) that is determined on an individual basis and designed to meet their unique needs. This education must be provided in the least restrictive environment (LRE), and the rights of the child and family are protected through procedural safeguards.

IDEA also requires the Secretary of Education to determine how well the States are fulfilling these requirements. To determine how well the States are providing FAPE to students with disabilities, several data sources are used. One of those sources is the State-reported data required under Section 618(b) of IDEA. States provide annual data to the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) on the number of children and youth with disabilities served under Part B of IDEA. States also provide data on educational placements (which are included in Chapter 3 of this report), the exiting status for students with disabilities, and the number of personnel employed and needed to serve these students. Information on monitoring, compliance, and procedural safeguards is reported in Chapter 5.

This chapter consists of the five main sections described below.

[Executive Summary] [Table of Contents] [Formula Grant Program]