A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

A Nation at Risk - April 1983

Appendix C: Commissioned Papers

Joseph Adelson, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
"Twenty-Five years of American Education: An Interpretation"

Catherine P. Ailes and Francis W. Rushing, SRI International, Arlington, Virginia
"A Summary Report on the Educational Systems of the United States and the Soviet Union: Comparative Analysis"

Alexander W. Astin, University of California, Los Angeles
"Excellence and Equity in American Education"

Alexander W. Astin, University of California, Los Angeles
"The American Freshman, 1966-1981: Some Implications for Educational Policy and Practice"

Herman Blake, University of California, Santa Cruz
"Demographic Change and Curriculum: New Students in Higher Education

Richard I. Brod, The Modern Language Association, New York, New York
Nicholas Farnham, The International Council on the Future of the University, New York, New York
William V. Mayer, Biological Sciences Curriculum Study, Boulder, Colorado
Robert A. McCaughey, Barnard College, New York, New York
"University Entrance Examinations and Performance Expectations"

Barbara B. Burn and Christopher H. Hurn, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
"An Analytic Comparison of Educational Systems"

Philip Cusick, Michigan State University, East Lansing
"Secondary Public Schools in America"

Paul DeHart Hurd, Stanford University, California
"An Overview of Science Education in the United States and Selected Foreign Countries"

Walter Doyle, University of Texas at Austin
"Academic Work"

Kenneth Duckworth, University of Oregon, Eugene
"Some Ideas About Student Cognition, Motivation and Work" (A Critique of the Symposium on The Student's Role in Learning)

Max A. Eckstein, Queens College/City of New York Flushing
Susanne Shafer, Arizona State University, Tempe
Kenneth Travers, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana
"A Comparative Review of Curriculum: Mathematics and International Studies in the Secondary Schools of Five Countries"

Eleanor Farrar, The Huron Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Matthew B. Miles, Center for Policy Research, New York, New York
Barbara Neufeld, The Huron Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts
"A Review of Effective Schools Research: Implications for Practice and Research"

Zelda Gamson, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
"A Little Light on the Subject: Keeping General and Liberal Education Alive"

William E. Gardner, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
John R. Palmer, University of Wisconsin, Madison
"Certification and Accreditation: Background, Issue Analysis, and Recommendations"

Thomas L. Good, University of Missouri-Columbia
"What Is Learned in Schools: Responding to School Demands, Grades K-6"

Thomas L. Good and Gail M. Hinkel, University of Missouri-Columbia
"Schooling in America: Some Descriptive and Explanatory Statements"

Donald B. Holsinger, State University of New York, Albany
"Time, Content and Expectations as Predictors of School Achievement in the U.S.A. and Other Developed Countries: A Review of IEA Evidence"

Kenneth R. Howey, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
"Charting Directions for Preservice Teacher Education"

Torsten Husen, University of Stockholm, Sweden
"A Cross-National Perspective on Assessing the Quality of Learning"

Nancy Karweit, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland
"Time on Task: A Reserch Review"

Howard London, Bridgewater State College, Massachusetts
"Academic Standards in the American Community College: Trends and Controversies"

Martin L. Maehr, University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana
"Motivational Factors in School Achievement"

Matthew B. Miles, Center for Policy Research, New York, New York
Eleanor Farrar and Barbara Neufeld, The Huron Institute Cambridge, Massachusetts
"The Extent of Adoption of Effective Schools Programs"

Barbara Neufeld and Eleanor Farrar, The Huron Institute Cambridge, Massachusetts
Matthew B. Miles, Center for Policy Research, New York, New York
"A Review of Effective Schools Research: The Message for Secondary Schools"

William Neumann, Syracuse University, New York
"College Press and Student Fit"

C. Robert Pace, University of California, Los Angeles
"Achievement and Quality of Student Effort"

Harvey L. Prokop, San Diego Unified School District California
"Intelligence, Motivation and the Quantity and Quality of Academic Work and Their Impacts on the Learning of Students: A Practitioner's Reaction" (A Critique of the Symposium on The Student's Role in Learning)

Lauren B. Resnick, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Daniel P. Resnick, Carnegie-Mellon University Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
"Standards, Curriculum, and Performance: An Historical and Comparative Perspective"

Frederick Rudolph, Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts
"Educational Excellence--The Secondary School-College Connection and Other Matters: An Historical Assessment"

Clifford Sjogren, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
"College Admissions and the Transition to Postsecondary Education: Standards and Practices"

Richard E. Snow, Stanford University, California
"Intelligence, Motivation and Academic Work" (A Critique of the Symposium on The Student's Role in Learning)

Robert J. Sternberg and Richard Wagner, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
"Understanding Intelligence: What's in It for Educators?"

Deborah Stipek, University of California, Los Angeles
"Motivating Students to Learn: A Lifelong Perspective"

Judith Torney-Purta, University of Maryland, College Park
John Schwille, Michigan State University, East Lansing
"The Values Learned in School: Policy and Practice in Industralized Countries"

Beatrice Ward, John R. Mergendoller, and Alexis L. Mitman, Far West Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, California
"The Years Between Elementary School and High School: What Schooling Experiences Do Students Have?"

Jonathan Warren, Educational Testing Service, Berkeley, California
"The Faculty Role in Educational Excellence"

Dean K. Whitla, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts
"Value Added and Ohter Related Matters"

Sam J. Yarger, Syracuse University, New York
"Inservice Education"

Herbert Zimiles, Bank Street College of Education, New York, New York
"The Changing American Child: The Perspective of Educators"

Commissioned papers will be available in the ERIC system after July 1983 (See Ordering Information).

Also available through the ERIC system after July 1983:

Clifford Adelman, National Institute of Education, Washington, D.C.
"A Study of High School Transcripts, 1964-1981"

Available through the ERIC system after August 1983:

Fast Response Survey System, National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, D.C.
"School District Survey of Academic Requirements and Achievement"

Fast Response Survey System, National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, D.C.
"Survey of Schools of Teacher Education: Perceptions of Methods for Improvement"

Service Delivery Assessment, Office of Management, U.S. Department of Education, Washington, D.C.
"Study Skills Instruction"

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[Appendix B: Schedule of the Commission's Public Events] [Table of Contents] [Appendix D: Hearing Testimony]