A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

Biennial Evaluation Report - FY 93-94

Chapter 618

Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Students Education Program

(CFDA No. 84.206)

I. Program Profile

Legislation: Part B of Title IV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as amended by the Augustus F. Hawkins - Robert T. Stafford Elementary and Secondary School Improvement Amendments of 1988, P.L. 100-297, and by the Higher Education Amendments of 1992, P.L. 102-325 (20 U.S.C. 3061-3068) (expires September 30, 1999).

Purpose: To support a coordinated program of research, demonstration projects, and personnel training to build schools' capability to identify and meet the special educational needs of gifted and talented students.

Funding History

Fiscal Year Appropriation
1989 $7,904,000
1990 9,888,000
1991 9,732,000
1992 9,732,000
1993 9,607,000
1994 9,607,000

II. Program Information and analysis

Population Targeting

Projects supported under this program either serve gifted and talented students directly, or increase the capability to do so. Gifted and talented students are defined as "children and youth who give evidence of high performance capability in areas such as intellectual, creative, artistic, or leadership capacity, or in specific academic fields, and who require services or activities not ordinarily provided by the school in order to fully develop such capabilities."

Priority in making awards is given to identifying students missed by traditional assessment methods (including children who are economically disadvantaged, limited-English-proficient, or have disabilities) and to education programs that include gifted and talented students from such groups.

Services

The program has both grant and contracting authority. Authorized activities include:

In addition, there is a requirement to establish and support a research center for gifted and talented education using no more than 30 percent of the total appropriation. In FY 1990, the Department established that center with a first-year grant of $1.5 million to a consortium led by the University of Connecticut and including the University of Georgia, the University of Virginia, and Yale University. In FY 1993, the Department provided a fourth-year grant of $1.75 million to support the center's ongoing program of research, including:

In FY 1993, 24 continuation grants and 10 new awards were made.

Program Administration

The authorizing legislation calls for the program to be a "national focal point" for information regarding gifted and talented education. In FY 1992, the following activities were conducted:

Outcomes

According to a 1993 OERI report on the state of gifted and talented education in America, a "quiet crisis" exists in the way we educate our most talented students. "In a broad range of intellectual and artistic endeavors, these youngsters are not challenged to do their best work. This problem is especially severe among economically disadvantaged and minority students, who have access to fewer advanced educational opportunities and whose talents often go unnoticed." While effective programs for gifted students do exist, they are often limited in scope and substance (III.1).

The report states that gifted and talented students suffer from the same low expectations that plague all our students. Society encourages all our children to aim for academic adequacy rather than academic excellence, and high-achieving students are often given derogatory labels. Indeed, the very existence of gifted and talented education is sometimes criticized, as if helping our most outstanding students to reach their full potential were somehow an affront to other students (III.1).

To improve educational opportunities for our top students, the report recommends that we:

III. Sources of Information

  1. Pat O'Connell Ross, National Excellence: A Case for Developing America's Talent (Washington, DC: Office of Educational Research and Improvement, U.S. Department of Education, 1993).

  2. Program files.

IV. Planned Studies

None.

V. Contacts for Further Information

Program Operations:
Pat O'Connell Ross, (202) 219-2187
Program Studies:
Joanne Wiggins, (202) 401-1958

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