A r c h i v e d I n f o r m a t i o n
Biennial Evaluation Report - FY 93-94
Drug Prevention Programs in Higher Education
(CFDA No. 84.183)
I. Program Profile
Legislation: Title IV, Part D (Section 5131) of the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1994, as amended (20 U.S.C. 3211) (expires September 30, 1999).
Purpose: To encourage the development, implementation, operation, and improvement of drug education and prevention programs for students enrolled in institutions of higher education (IHEs).
|Fiscal Year ||Appropriation|
|1987 ||$7,780,000 |
|1988 ||9,643,000 |
|1989 ||13,902,000 |
|1990 ||14,186,000 |
|1991 ||14,147,000 |
|1992 ||14,388,000 |
|1993 ||14,273,000 |
|1994 ||14,412,719 |
II. Program Information and Analysis
The main performance indicator that has been used applies to the Institution-Wide program. It measures whether or not the Institution-Wide program at a given IHE is still in existence one year after the Federal Drug Prevention Programs in Higher Education (DPPHE) monies have expired. One main purpose of the Institution-Wide program is to provide seed money to programs that are likely to continue beyond the period of Federal support. If the program does in fact continue beyond the Federal support period, this is viewed as a positive outcome.
Since the fall of 1990, the Department of Education has conducted a survey of the institutions whose Institution-Wide grants expired 1 year earlier. The surveys have revealed that approximately 94 percent of the Institution-Wide programs that were awarded in FYs 1987 through 1989 are still in existence.
Only institutions of higher education (as defined by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965) are eligible for grants. Students enrolled in institutions of higher education are the target population.
The Drug Prevention Programs in Higher Education provide grants to IHE's through the Institution-Wide, Special Focus, and Analysis and Dissemination programs.
- The Institution-Wide program supports a variety of drug prevention efforts directed at comprehensive and institution-wide involvement and change. Funding is targeted toward campus programs that have a substantial institutional commitment and are likely to continue beyond the period of Federal support.
- The Special Focus programs support activities designed to increase or facilitate the success of comprehensive drug prevention programs that are not likely to be the focus of an institution-wide program. The three Special Focus programs include:
- The National College Student Organizational Network program, which supports the development and implementation of drug prevention programs conducted in conjunction with national student organizations, or groups or networks of such organizations, that wish to pursue drug abuse education and prevention as their mission or their principal service activity;
- The Approaches to Accountability in Prevention program, which supports the formulation of promising new approaches to institutional and individual leadership and responsibility related to drug abuse education and prevention in higher education; and
- The Specific Approaches to Prevention program, which supports specific approaches to the prevention of drug use or alcohol abuse. Since 1989, the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE) has established the following Invitational Priority under this program: The Higher Education Consortia for Drug Prevention Program. This program supports the organization and implementation of monthly drug and alcohol prevention meetings among local groups of institutions of higher education wishing to improve their own campus-wide programs.
- The Analysis and Dissemination programs currently support analysis and dissemination activities associated with the Institution-Wide and Special Focus programs through:
- The Dissemination of Successful Projects program, which supports projects designed to disseminate successful project designs, policies, and results of projects supported under Institution-Wide program competitions or Special Focus program competitions.
- The Analysis Projects program, which supports projects designed to analyze successful project designs, policies, and results of projects supported under Institution-Wide or IHEs Focus program competitions.
Table 1 displays the number of awards granted in FYs 1987-1993. During FY 1993, 144 new grants were awarded to IHEs or consortia of IHEs. The vast majority of funds were awarded through the Institution-Wide program, with most of the remaining funds awarded through the Higher Education Consortia for Drug Prevention program.
||FY 87 ||FY 88 ||FY 89 ||FY 90 ||FY 91 ||FY 92 ||FY 93 |
|Number of Awards ||92 ||95 ||110 ||105 ||101 ||98 ||95 |
|Average Award ||$82.919 ||$97.369 ||$99.450 ||$114.210 ||$106.719 ||$116.765 ||$117.282 |
|Length of Award ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years |
|Special Focus Programs
|National College Student Organizational Network
|Number of Awards ||- ||2 ||4 ||1 ||4 ||1 ||3 |
|Average Award ||- ||$166.750 ||$189.222 ||$212.984 ||$161.052 ||$202.420 ||$190.887 |
|Length of Award ||- ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years |
|Approaches to Accountability
|Number of Awards ||- ||4 ||4 ||5 ||5 ||- ||- |
|Average Award ||- ||$14.897 ||$14.998 ||$14.889 ||$14.945 ||- ||- |
|Length of Award ||- ||9 months ||9 months ||9 months ||9 months ||- ||- |
|Higher Education Consortia
|Number of Awards ||- ||- ||59 ||26 ||38 ||32 ||40 |
|Average Award ||- ||- ||$29.919 ||$34.915 ||$35.307 ||$34.813 ||$35.381 |
|Length of Award ||- ||- ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years |
|Analysis and Dissemination Program
|Dissemination of Successful Projects
|Number of Awards ||- ||- ||- ||10 ||1 ||8 ||1 |
|Average Award ||- ||- ||- ||$135.836 ||$149.50 ||$148.995 ||$149.550 |
|Length of Award ||- ||- ||- ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years |
|Number of Awards ||- ||- ||- ||4 ||4 ||4 ||5 |
|Average Award ||- ||- ||- ||$143.258 ||148.555 ||4168.255 ||$191.111 |
|Length of Award ||- ||- ||- ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years ||2 years |
|TOTAL New Awards ||92 ||101 ||177 ||151 ||153 ||143 ||144 |
FIPSE program staff is responsible for administering DPPHE. Each DPPHE application is reviewed by a team of 4 persons, and each team reviews and scores 20 applications. In FY 1993 there were 13 review teams.
An evaluation of outcomes is required of all grantees as part of their final reports. The FYs 1990 through 1993 Analysis Projects programs are designed to determine the success of the early FY 1987 to FY 1990 efforts. The 1990 Analysis Projects program grants have been received, and they show the extent of drug use and non-use among college students, the types of strategies being implemented by IHEs for prevention, and the high degree of continuance of developed programs after Federal funds were expended. The data show that 94% of the FY 1987, FY 1988 and FY 1989 sites still retain their programs, and two-thirds of the programs are the same size or larger than when federally funded.
Management Improvement Strategies
Recommendations from the programs' grantees are analyzed twice each year by FIPSE staff to seek improvements in the ongoing programs and to design new programs to further DPPHE goals.
III. Sources of Information
- DDPHE program files.
- Published reports from Analysis Projects grants.
- Unpublished preliminary findings reported by DPPHE Program Office.
IV. Planned Studies
All final reports from the FY 1989 grantees were received by February 1992, and from the FY 1990 grantees by February 1993. Analyses of these final reports are currently underway.
V. Contacts for Further Imformation
- Program Operations:
- Ronald Bucknam, (202) 708-5750
- Program Studies:
- Elizabeth Eisner, (202) 401-0182
[Student Literacy Corps and Student Mentoring Corps]