A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

Biennial Evaluation Report - FY 93-94

Chapter 534

Drug Prevention Programs in Higher Education

(CFDA No. 84.183)

I. Program Profile

Legislation: Title IV, Part D (Section 5131) of the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1994, as amended (20 U.S.C. 3211) (expires September 30, 1999).

Purpose: To encourage the development, implementation, operation, and improvement of drug education and prevention programs for students enrolled in institutions of higher education (IHEs).

Funding History

Fiscal Year Appropriation
1987 $7,780,000
1988 9,643,000
1989 13,902,000
1990 14,186,000
1991 14,147,000
1992 14,388,000
1993 14,273,000
1994 14,412,719

II. Program Information and Analysis

Performance Indicators

The main performance indicator that has been used applies to the Institution-Wide program. It measures whether or not the Institution-Wide program at a given IHE is still in existence one year after the Federal Drug Prevention Programs in Higher Education (DPPHE) monies have expired. One main purpose of the Institution-Wide program is to provide seed money to programs that are likely to continue beyond the period of Federal support. If the program does in fact continue beyond the Federal support period, this is viewed as a positive outcome.

Since the fall of 1990, the Department of Education has conducted a survey of the institutions whose Institution-Wide grants expired 1 year earlier. The surveys have revealed that approximately 94 percent of the Institution-Wide programs that were awarded in FYs 1987 through 1989 are still in existence.

Population Targeting

Only institutions of higher education (as defined by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965) are eligible for grants. Students enrolled in institutions of higher education are the target population.

Services

The Drug Prevention Programs in Higher Education provide grants to IHE's through the Institution-Wide, Special Focus, and Analysis and Dissemination programs.

Table 1 displays the number of awards granted in FYs 1987-1993. During FY 1993, 144 new grants were awarded to IHEs or consortia of IHEs. The vast majority of funds were awarded through the Institution-Wide program, with most of the remaining funds awarded through the Higher Education Consortia for Drug Prevention program.

FY 87 FY 88 FY 89 FY 90 FY 91 FY 92 FY 93
Institution-Wide Program
Number of Awards 92 95 110 105 101 98 95
Average Award $82.919 $97.369 $99.450 $114.210 $106.719 $116.765 $117.282
Length of Award 2 years 2 years 2 years 2 years 2 years 2 years 2 years
Special Focus Programs
National College Student Organizational Network
Number of Awards - 2 4 1 4 1 3
Average Award - $166.750 $189.222 $212.984 $161.052 $202.420 $190.887
Length of Award - 2 years 2 years 2 years 2 years 2 years 2 years
Approaches to Accountability
Number of Awards - 4 4 5 5 - -
Average Award - $14.897 $14.998 $14.889 $14.945 - -
Length of Award - 9 months 9 months 9 months 9 months - -
Higher Education Consortia
Number of Awards - - 59 26 38 32 40
Average Award - - $29.919 $34.915 $35.307 $34.813 $35.381
Length of Award - - 2 years 2 years 2 years 2 years 2 years
Analysis and Dissemination Program
Dissemination of Successful Projects
Number of Awards - - - 10 1 8 1
Average Award - - - $135.836 $149.50 $148.995 $149.550
Length of Award - - - 2 years 2 years 2 years 2 years
Analysis Projects
Number of Awards - - - 4 4 4 5
Average Award - - - $143.258 148.555 4168.255 $191.111
Length of Award - - - 2 years 2 years 2 years 2 years
TOTAL New Awards 92 101 177 151 153 143 144

Program Administration

FIPSE program staff is responsible for administering DPPHE. Each DPPHE application is reviewed by a team of 4 persons, and each team reviews and scores 20 applications. In FY 1993 there were 13 review teams.

Outcomes

An evaluation of outcomes is required of all grantees as part of their final reports. The FYs 1990 through 1993 Analysis Projects programs are designed to determine the success of the early FY 1987 to FY 1990 efforts. The 1990 Analysis Projects program grants have been received, and they show the extent of drug use and non-use among college students, the types of strategies being implemented by IHEs for prevention, and the high degree of continuance of developed programs after Federal funds were expended. The data show that 94% of the FY 1987, FY 1988 and FY 1989 sites still retain their programs, and two-thirds of the programs are the same size or larger than when federally funded.

Management Improvement Strategies

Recommendations from the programs' grantees are analyzed twice each year by FIPSE staff to seek improvements in the ongoing programs and to design new programs to further DPPHE goals.

III. Sources of Information

  1. DDPHE program files.

  2. Published reports from Analysis Projects grants.

  3. Unpublished preliminary findings reported by DPPHE Program Office.

IV. Planned Studies

All final reports from the FY 1989 grantees were received by February 1992, and from the FY 1990 grantees by February 1993. Analyses of these final reports are currently underway.

V. Contacts for Further Imformation

Program Operations:
Ronald Bucknam, (202) 708-5750

Program Studies:
Elizabeth Eisner, (202) 401-0182

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