A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

Biennial Evaluation Report - FY 93-94

Chapter 516

Strengthening Historically Black Colleges and Univeersities (Title III, Part B)

(CFDA No. 84.031B)

I. Program Profile

Legislation: Higher Education Act (HEA) of 1965, Title III, (Part B), P.L. 96-374, as amended by P.L. 99-498, P. L. 100-50, and P. L. 102-325 (20 U.S.C. 1060-1063c) (expires September 30, 1997).

Purpose: To strengthen Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) so they may continue their unique role of educating black, educationally disadvantaged, and low-income students.

Funding History

Fiscal Year Appropriation
1987 $51,741,000
1988 73,162,000
1989 84,422,000 1/
1990 95,366,000
1991 99,541,000
1992 111,731,000
1993 109,709,000
1994 116,719,000

1/ $4,500,000 was appropriated in FY 1989 for construction of a Health and Human Resources Center at Vorhees College.

II. Program Information and Analysis

Services

The Strengthening Historically Black Colleges and Universities Program consists of two components:

  1. Strengthening Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) is a formula grant program for HBCUs designed to help improve their programs and management and enhance educational opportunities for students. It also is intended to facilitate a decrease in reliance on governmental financial support and to encourage reliance on endowments and private sources. Part B funds may be used to establish or strengthen the physical plants, faculty support, academic instruction, student services, funds development, financial management, academic resources, and endowments of HBCUs. Up to 50 percent of the funds may be used for construction or maintenance.

    A Part B eligible institution is any accredited, legally authorized HBCU that was established prior to 1964 and whose principal mission was, and is, the education of black Americans. A list of those HBCUs was published in the Federal Register of July 20, 1993. The appropriation is allotted among HBCUs according to the number of Pell Grant recipients among currently enrolled students (50 percent), number of graduates (25 percent), and percentage of graduates attending graduate or professional school in degree programs in which blacks are underrepresented (25 percent). The statute provides for a $500,000 minimum allotment for each eligible institution.

  2. The Strengthening Historically Black Graduate Institutions Program provides grants to the following five postgraduate institutions: Morehouse School of Medicine, Meharry Medical School, Charles R. Drew Postgraduate Medical School, Atlanta University, and Tuskegee Institute of Veterinary Medicine. All institutions are required to match award amounts in excess of $500,000, except for Morehouse School of Medicine, which is authorized to receive $3 million. The Higher Education Amendments of 1992 provide for awards to the five originally funded institutions and authorizes awards to 11 additional historically black graduate and professional institutions should the program appropriations exceed 12 million dollars. Graduate institutions may use these grants for the same purposes as undergraduate HBCUs and, in addition, can use the funds to establish an endowment or a development office to increase contributions from private sources.

The distribution of Part B funds to institutions has remained relatively constant since 1989 (see Tables 1 and 2).

Table 1

Strengthening Historically Black Colleges and Universities Program Obligations by Institutional Type and Control
Fiscal Years 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992 and 1993

Instititutional Type and Control FY 1989 FY 1990 FY 1991
Number of Awards Obligations % of Total Dollars Number of Awards Obligations % of Total Dollars Number of Awards Obligations % of Total Dollars
Four-Year Private 43 $27,198,775 34.0% 41 $30,321,875 31.8% 43 $33,788,427 33.9%
Four-Year Public 40 34,585,508 43.2 41 44,758,200 46.9 39 45,109,118 45.3%
Two-Year Private 6 2,312,613 2.9 6 2,100,000 2.2 6 2,100,000 2.1
Two-Year Public 9 5,011,104 6.3 10 6,717,925 7.0 10 6,832,313 6.9
Graduate* 5 10,868,888 13.6 5 11,468,000 12.0 5 11,710,848 11.8
Total 103 $79,976,888 100.0% 103 $95,366,000 100.0% 103 $99,540,706 100.0%

*The five black graducate institutions.

Instititutional Type and Control FY 1992 FY 1993
Number of Awards Obligations % of Total Dollars Number of Awards Obligations % of Total Dollars
Four-Year Private 43 $38,178,337 34.2 44 $37,565,076 34.2
Four-Year Public 39 51,512,154 46.1 39 50,086,109 45.7
Two-Year Private 6 2,371,411 2.1 6 3,000,000 2.7
Two-Year Public 11 7,957,973 7.1 11 7,556,815 6.9
Graduate* 5 11,711,000 10.5 5 11,501,000 10.5
Total 104 $111,730,875 100.0% 105 $109,709,000 100.0%

Source: III.1

Table 2

Number of Institutions by Size of Award

Range of Awards To Institutions by Year and Amount

TOTALS
$350,000 500,000 500,001- 1,000,000 1,000,000 and Above Average Award
1987 57 45 1     103 $502,339
1988 23 67 11     101 724,376
1989 21 68 14     103 776,475
1990 17 58 28     103 925,883
1991 17 51 35     103 966,415
1992 13 46 45     104 1,074,335
1993 26* 30 49     105 1,044,848

*Minimum award increased from $350,000 to $500,000 in FY 1993. These institutions each received $500,000.

Source: III.1.

Management Improvement Strategies

Technical assistance workshops were held to improve continuing applications and projects.

III. Sources of Information

  1. Program files.

IV. Planned Studies

An evaluation of the Title III programs is planned to begin in FY 1995.

V. Contacts for Further Information

Program Operations:
Caroline J. Gillin, (202) 708-8816

Program Studies:
Jim Maxwell, (202) 401-0182

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