A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

Biennial Evaluation Report - FY 93-94

Chapter 337

Protection and Advocacy of Individual Rights (PAIR)

(CFDA No. 84.240)

I. Program Profile

Legislation: Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Title V, Section 509, as revised, P. L. 102-569 and P. L. 103-73 (20 U.S.C. 732) (expires September 30, 1997).

Purpose: PAIR provides support to State protection and advocacy systems (P&As) for the protection of the legal and human rights of individuals with disabilities. P&As are authorized under Part C of the Developmental Disabilities and Bill of Rights Act (DDA), P. L. 100-146. The PAIR program serves individuals with disabilities who need services that are beyond the scope of services provided by the Client Assistance Program (CAP) under Section 112 of the Rehabilitation Act and who are ineligible for services under the DDA and the Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness Act (PAIMI), (P. L. 99-319). PAIR became a formula grant program in fiscal year 1994.

Funding History

Fiscal Year Appropriation
1991 $ 976,000
1992 1,074,000
1993 2,480,000
1994 5,500,000

II. Program Information and Analysis

Performance Indicators

Services are provided to individuals with disabilities who are eligible for advocacy services under other programs. PAIR,in combination with CAP,and the programs authorized under DDA and PAIMI,allows P&As to serve all indivisuals with disabilities and provide a full range of legal services and advocacy.


PAIR has the authority to pursue legal, administrative, and other appropriate remedies to protect the legal and human rights of individuals with disabilities who are not eligible for assistance under other advocacy programs. PAIR grantees annually develop objectives and priorities that are submitted to the public for comment.

Program Administration

By statute, only P&As authorized by the DDA are eligible to apply for grants. P&As are designated by the Governor and must be independent of direct service providers. Applications and annual reports are required.

Management Improvement Strategies

A portion of the PAIR appropriation must be set-aside for training and technical assistance for PAIR prsonnel. The Department of Education is collaborating with Department of Health & Human Services to provide these services under contract.

III. Sources of Information

  1. Annual reports and statements of objectives and priorities submitted by PAIR program grantees.

IV. Planned Studies


V. Contacts for Further Information

Program Operations:
Parma Yarkin, (202) 205-8733

Program Studies:
Sandra H. Furey, (202) 401-3630

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