A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

Biennial Evaluation Report - FY 93-94

Chapter 323

Discretionary Project Grants for Training Rehabilitation Personnel

(CFDA Nos. 84.129, 84.160, and 84.246)

I. Program Profile

Legislation: Section 304 and 803 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, P.L. 93-112, as amended by P.L. 102-569 and P.L. 103-73 (29 U.S.C. 771(a) and 797(b)) (expires September 30, 1997).

Purpose: To support projects to increase the number and improve the skills of personnel trained to provide vocational rehabilitation services to handicapped people.

Funding History

Fiscal Year Appropriation Fiscal Year Appropriation
1966 $24,800,000 1986 $25,838,000
1970 27,700,000 1987 29,550,000
1975 22,200,000 1988 30,000,000
1980 28,500,000 1989 30,500,000
1981 21,675,000 1990 31,110,000
1982 19,200,000 1991 33,353,000
1983 19,200,000 1992 36,688,000
1984 22,000,000 1993 39,628,608
1985 22,000,000 1994 39,628,608

II. Program Information and Analysis

Performance Indicators

The two key indicators for the long-term training program are (1) percent of trainees completing the program, and (2) percent of completers accepting employment with public rehabilitation agencies. Indicators for other types of training have not been developed.

Population Targeting

The Rehabilitation Act requires that Rehabilitation Training funds be targeted to areas of personnel shortages. The Department developed priorities for the allocation of training funds based on a National Survey of Personnel Shortages and Training Needs. Specialties which were determined to most affect service to clients with severe disabilities included rehabilitation counseling; rehabilitation of the blind, deaf, and mentally ill; job development; supported employment; and vocational evaluation and work adjustment (III.1).

Services

The program supports training, scholarships, and related activities in a broad range of rehabilitation disciplines and areas of professional practice, including long-term training, training of interpreters, experimental and innovative training, continuing education, short-term training, and inservice training. Grants and contracts are awarded to States and public or nonprofit agencies and organizations, including institutions of higher education, to pay part or all the cost of conducting training programs.

FY 1992

Type of Training Estimated Number of Trainees Total Grant Awards Avg. Federal Cost per Trainee
Long-term 1,147 $25,022,718 $21,686
Experimental and Innovative 497 $1,078,184 $21,694
Continuing Education 13,785 $4,534,654 $329
Inservice 25,913 $4,044,583 $156
Short-term 1,265 $497,861 $393
Total 42,607 $35,178,0001 $8,206
1Total excludes $1,510,000 for the Interpreter Training program.

FY 1993

Type of Training Estimated Number of Trainees Total Grant Awards Avg. Federal Cost per Trainee
Long-term 1,403 $24,340,264 $17,349
Experimental and Innovative 476 $833,549 $17,511
Continuing Education 14,007 $4,306,262 $307
State VR Unit In-Service 25,913 $5,673,799 $218
Short-term 2,235 $340,000 $152
Total 44,034 $35,493,8742 $8,054
2In addition to the exclusions in Note 1, FY 1993 costs do not include the one percent set-aside for section 21 of the Rehabilitation Act and costs for Title VIII activities.

Management Improvement Strategies

Towards setting rehabilitation training priorities, the Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA), through an outside contractor, developed an assessment survey instrument to collect data on personnel shortages and training needs. This survey was conducted in FY 1987, and FY 1989. The results were used to establish funding priorities in 1987 through 1992. RSA plans to repeat the survey at regular intervals to ensure that funding priorities and justifications are based on current data.

III. Sources of Information

  1. 1992 Survey of Personnel Shortages and Training Needs in Vocational Rehabilitation (Washington, DC: Pelavin Associates, July 1992).

  2. National Assessment of Personnel Shortages and Training Needs in Vocational Rehabilitation (Washington, DC: Pelavin Associates, June 1989).

  3. National Assessment of Personnel Shortages and Training Needs in Vocational Rehabilitation (Washington, DC: Pelavin Associates, June, 1987).

  4. Program Files.

IV. Planned Studies

None.

V. Contacts for Further Information

Program Operations:
Richard P. Melia, (202) 205-9400

Program Studies:
Rob Barnes, (202) 401-0325

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