A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

Biennial Evaluation Report - FY 93-94

Chapter 125

Women's Educational Equity

(CFDA No. 84.083)

I. Program Profile

Legislation: The Women's Educational Equity Act (WEEA), Title IV-A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, as amended (20 U.S.C. 3041-3047) (expires September 30, 1999).

Purpose: The Women's Educational Equity Act (WEEA) program was enacted in 1974 to promote educational equity for girls and women, including those who suffer multiple discrimination based on gender and on race, ethnicity, national origin, disability, or age, and to provide funds to help education agencies and institutions meet the requirements of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972.

Funding History

Fiscal Year Appropriation Fiscal Year Appropriation
1976 $6,270,000 1987 $3,500,000
1980 10,000,000 1988 3,351,000
1981 8,125,000 1989 2,949,000
1982 5,760,000 1990 2,098,000
1983 5,760,000 1991 1,995,000
1984 5,760,000 1992 500,000 1
1985 6,000,000 1993 1,984,000
1986 5,740,000 1994 1,984,000

1/ For FY 1992, Congress appropriated $500,000 for a contract to be awarded for the operation of the WEEA Publishing Center. Since no funds above that amount were made available, the Department did not conduct a competition for new grants during FY 1992.

II. Program Information and Analysis

Performance Indicators

While no formal indicators of program performance have been adopted, several possible indicators could be developed, including the numbers of participating girls who continue to take courses in math, science, and computer science; and pursue careers that require backgrounds in these disciplines; the number of women and girls assisted by the program; the number of requests for materials to the WEEA Publishing Center; and the number of materials published by the Publishing Center.

Population Targeting

The program awards grants and contracts to public agencies and nonprofit private agencies, institutions, individuals, and organizations--including student and community groups--to operate programs that promote educational equity for women and girls.


WEEA funds support a wide variety of demonstration, developmental, and dissemination projects, including the development and evaluation of educational materials, training programs, and guidance and counseling activities. WEEA projects must have national, Statewide, or general significance and may address all levels of education. WEEA grantees may provide direct services to a target group or may develop educational materials that are disseminated through the WEEA Publishing Center.

In FY 1992, while there were no new grantees, the center continued to work with former grantees who were in the final stages of product development or submission for peer review. The center expanded its networking capacity with the addition of electronic networking. Through its initial link with EquityNet, the Publishing Center now shares resources and information with over 4,000 social services organizations and individuals who subscribe to EquityNet, significantly increasing the impact of gender equity awareness and access to WEEA resources in a market that had previously been difficult to reach.

The center continued to publish and disseminate digests and monographs that have contributed significantly to the national education reform discussion--especially the topics of women's and girls' participation in math and science, and gender violence. It continued to work with over 200 local and national organizations that routinely disseminated WEEA information and materials, working especially closely with the Desegregation Assistance Centers, Association of American University Women, Girls, Inc., the Center for Urban Education, The College Board, and Expanding Your Horizons. This high level of public visibility also included involvement in a national task force on vocational education and in a College Board Advisory Board.

Publishing Center sales continued to increase. During FY 1993, there was increased interest in materials relating to non-traditional career choices, women in transition, and gender-based violence. Math and science requests continued to climb, especially in those States attempting systems reform. A highlight of the year was the publication of Sister in the Blood: The Education of Women in Native America, the first national research on the experience of Native American women in education. The book, which points the way to significant change in how we educate Native American children, is beginning to gain national recognition.

In FY 1993, the Department made 20 grants, including 13 general and 7 challenge grants. In FY 1993, the math, science, and computer science priority was continued.

Program Administration

The WEEA program continues to be administered under the regulations that went into effect after the Hawkins-Stafford Amendments of 1988. Under current law, the statute authorizes model projects of national, Statewide, or general significance as well as small challenge grants ($40,000) to develop innovative strategies. If the appropriation exceeds $4.5 million, two-year matching grants for projects of local significance are also authorized. The Administration's reauthorization proposal would restructure the program to give priority to support for local implementation of gender-equity policies and practices. Authorized activities would include those designed to:

The program would also continue to support the development, evaluation, and dissemination of instructional and other materials, as well as research, development, and demonstrations designed to advance gender equity.


In FY 1992, the majority of sales from the WEEA Publishing Center were to teachers and faculty of community and junior colleges; colleges and universities; local education agencies; and intermediate agencies including learning centers and area education agencies. The Publishing Center responded to requests for assistance from individuals and organizations nationwide representing adult programs, employment centers, girls clubs, career centers, child-care networks, guidance counselors, and K-12 teachers. In addition, there has been increased interest in mentoring and materials in the area of math and science.

III. Sources of Information

  1. Program files.

  2. WEEA Publishing Center: Current Sales Activity, User Surveys.

IV. Planned Studies


V. Contacts for Further Information

Program Operations:
Carrolyn Andrews, (202) 260-2670

Program Studies:
Lenore Garcia, (202) 401-3630

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