A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

FY 1999 Annual Plan - Volume 1. Objective Performance Plans and Data Quality - February 27, 1998

Objective 2.2. Every child reads well and independently by the end of the third grade.

Context: Reading is the foundation of all other skills essential for learning, yet the National Assessment of Educational Progress reports that only 60 percent of 4th graders read at the basic level or higher. This is alarming because research shows that students who fail to read well by 4th grade are at greater risk of educational failure. Mastering basic skills like reading is the essential first step to reaching challenging academic standards in all subjects.

Key strategies for FY 1999


Programs supporting this objective

Grants supporting reading services
  • Title I
  • Even Start
  • Bilingual Education
  • IDEA, Part B
  • Education for Homeless Children and Youth
  • Inexpensive Book Distribution
Tutoring and after-school programs
  • Federal Work-Study
  • 21st Century Community Learning Centers
  • Fund for the Improvement of Education
Standards for reading instruction
  • Goals 2000 Educate America Act
Initiatives supporting reading
  • Class Size Reduction Initiative
  • HHS' Childcare Initiative
Teacher training
  • Eisenhower Professional Development
  • Higher Education Act (HEA), Title IV-Part C (proposed legislation); Title V (preservice)
  • IDEA: Personnel Preparation
Technical assistance
  • Comprehensive Regional Assistance Centers
  • Regional Education Labs
  • National Research Institute on At Risk Children
  • Statistics and Assessment
  • IDEA: Research and Innovation

Selected performance indicators and charts

Performance indicators in the Strategic Plan for objective 2.2 focus on expected outcomes in student achievement in reading, as well as indicators that track the implementation of recent programs to advance these outcomes.

Increasing percentages of fourth-graders will meet basic, proficient, and advanced levels in reading on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). (Goal 2, indicator 4)

Indicator background and context. Over the last 30 years, NAEP scores for fourth graders have been relatively stable (60% at basic or higher levels).

Data source. NAEP (1994-present)

By 2002, one million volunteer tutors are trained and working in community reading programs.

Indicator background and context. In 1997, about 500,000 volunteer tutors were trained and working in community ARC reading programs.

Data source. U. S. Department of Education, Office of America Reads Challenge: READ*WRITE*NOW!.

Verification/validation of performance measures: Student reading outcomes use the rigorously designed National Assessment of Education Progress. Information on the training of reading teachers will be from an independently conducted evaluation of Title I schools. Tutor numbers and quality will be obtained from independent evaluations of college student participation in Federal Work Study and of tutors in the America Reads Challenge.


[Objective 2.1] [Table of Contents] [Objective 2.3]