Teaching American History

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Washington 2007 Grant Abstracts
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Grantee Name:Clarkston School District, WA
Project Name:Confluences in American History
Project Director:Jan Goodheart
Number of Teachers Served:80
Number of School Districts Served:4
Number of Students Served:No Information Available
Grade Levels:elementary, junior high/middle school, high school
Partners:The Lewis-Clark State College, Washington State University, Walla Walla Community College, The Gilder-Lehman Institute of American History
Topics:Year 1, Confluence of Peoples; Year 2, Confluence of Ideas; Year 3, Confluence of Interests
Methods:Summer institutes, immersion experiences, web-based learning, seminars, master teacher coaching

The Confluences project relies heavily on recommendations from the American Historical Association's "Benchmarks for Professional Development in Teaching of History as a Discipline." It seeks to produce permanent, objectively measured improvements in teacher knowledge/practice and student achievement by providing effective professional development in American history; improving the quality of history instruction; and improving student learning of U.S. history. The project serves teachers in seven high schools, six junior high/middle schools, and 14 elementary schools. Tribal leaders from the Nez Pierce Indian Reservation and teachers from the Holy Family Catholic School and Monday School also participate in seminars. Within broad themes, content examines: the Nez Pierce and Lewis and Clark; tolerance and intolerance at Plymouth; Mexicans and Americans: assimilation or accommodation, opportunity/wealth or law and order, prejudice or constitutional rights; confederation or national union; isolationism vs. internationalism; the Sagebrush rebellion; terrorist threats; a rural vs. urban nation; the transcontinental railroad; the Depression generation vs. the baby boom; Civil Rights; and working man vs. corporate America.

Grantee Name:Educational Service District 101, WA
Project Name:Roll on Columbia: Teaching the History of the Northwest and the Nation
Project Director:Delitha Spear
Number of Teachers Served:360
Number of School Districts Served:59
Number of Students Served:1,800-95,556
Grade Levels:3-12
Partners:Eastern Washington University's Living History Institute for Teaching American History, Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture, the Washington State Archives, the Tamastslikt Cultural Institute
Topics:Year 1, The Collision of Cultures 1492-1806; Year 2, The Tumultuous 19th Century 1807-1890; Year 3, Frontier to Region, the Northwest in the 20th Century 1891 to the present
Methods:Graduate courses, workshop series, summer institutes, master teacher teams, guided research, historic site visits

"Roll on Columbia" activities will be offered on two tiers: (1) intense study for 20 teachers annually, enrolled in a year-long, ten-credit graduate seminar studying a specific era of Northwest history and its relationship to national events; (2) U.S. history in-service courses and guest lectures serving an estimated 250-300 teachers per event. Sustainability will be provided through distribution of materials to 300 teachers after the project and university pre-service courses that are expected to enroll 100 students per year. Throughout the project, national events, people, and issues will be taught along with important regional events, such as establishment of fur trading posts and missions, Indian wars, mining, labor strife, integration with the Pacific Rim, and environmental initiatives. Guest lecturers will address: founders and slavery, Confederate emancipation plans, the Patawatomis, Mexican women in 20th century America, national forest management. Heavy emphasis will be placed on use of primary documents for teaching.

Grantee Name:North Central Educational Service District 171, WA
Project Name:Greater Columbia Liberty Fellowship
Project Director:Karen Schmitten
Number of Teachers Served:50
Number of School Districts Served:28
Number of Students Served:40,000
Grade Levels:4-12
Partners:Princeton University-James Madison Program, the Bill of Rights Institute, Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture, and the American Institute for History Education
Topics:Yakama Indian Nation, the Constitution, Federalist Papers, Bill of Rights, Civil War, Antebellum South and Slavery, Reconstruction, Immigration, Progressivism, World Wars I and II, Cold War, Great Society, Civil Rights
Methods:Six seasonal colloquia, summer institutes, field trips, core vertical teams, master teachers, Cicero, Binary Paideia, website, video conferences, turnkey replication and dissemination models

The project addresses the need to upgrade American history teaching throughout 28 districts that are heavily impacted by poverty by developing a cadre of trained "Fellows" who have the content knowledge and instructional skills necessary for enlivening the U.S. history curricula and raising student achievement. Through content-rich colloquia, work with primary sources, historic site visits, and interactions with historians, the project seeks to create a permanent professional learning community that offers students a multidimensional view of American history. Fellows will study traditions used by James Madison and others, anti-federalist thought, contrasts between the agrarian South and industrial North, John Quincy Adams, Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, John Calhoun, Abraham Lincoln, William Seward, Jefferson Davis, Alexander Stevens, an 19th century mining town, the impact of railroads, American society versus totalitarian regimes in the 20th century, and Cold War personalities such as George Kennan, Harry Truman, Joseph McCarthy, Richard Nixon, John Kennedy, and Ronald Reagan.

Grantee Name:Northwest Educational Service District 189, WA
Project Name:Northwest History Consortium
Project Director:Robert Myers
Number of Teachers Served:108
Number of School Districts Served:35
Number of Students Served:165,000
Grade Levels:5-12
Partners:Washington University in St. Louis, Northern Rockies Education Services
Topics:First Encounters between Europeans and American Indians; Roots of Individualism, Migration Trends; The Great Awakening; Slaves in New England; Justification for Revolution; The Impact of the American Revolution; Federalism and emerging union in the 1780s
Methods:Conferences, online courses, graduate credit, mentoring, summer workshops

The Northwest History Consortium will recruit 36 teachers in Washington and Montana to become American history teacher-leaders in their schools, districts, and states. Through three online ten-week courses covering ten eras, workshop presentations, and mentoring, the teacher-leaders will learn the in-depth content and curriculum developing skills designed to enable them to become committed master teachers. During the grant period, 72 additional teachers will participate in summer conferences addressing content and methodology. The topics listed cover Eras 1-3. Content addressing Eras 4-10, as designated by the National Council for History Education, will be presented in courses that pose questions to guide discussions, reading, and research. Study of Era 7, may begin, for example, with the question, "Explain how principles of scientific management and technological innovations, including assembly lines, rapid transit, household appliances, and radio continue to transform production, work, and daily life." Teachers may be challenged to place themselves in eras, such as the period between World War I and the Great Depression, to analyze conditions and provide solutions to emerging problems.

Grantee Name:Seattle Public Schools, WA
Project Name:All Eyes on History
Project Director:Anita Morales
Number of Teachers Served:105
Number of School Districts Served:1
Number of Students Served:46,000
Grade Levels:6-12
Partners:Museum of History and Industry, University of Washington's Ethnic Studies and History Departments, National Archives and Research Administration-Pacific Alaska Region, Washington State History Museum, Wing Luke Asian Museum
Topics:Year 1, Founding and Government Institutions Year 2, Immigration and Migration; Year 3, Inventions and Industry
Methods:Summer institutes, workshops, online lectures, field study, book clubs, study groups, coaching

Seattle Public Schools serves an extremely diverse population-59 percent of the students are ethnic minorities, 17 percent are foreign-born, 20 percent have a language other than English spoken at home, and 150 American Indian Tribes are represented. This professional development project, Seattle's first TAH grant, seeks to explore America's story incorporating contributions of diverse groups in order to help disenfranchised students feel valued, empowered, and optimistic. All content will be viewed through three lenses: the researcher, curator, and reader. "Institutions" topic include the Constitution, First Amendment, checks and balances, how a bill becomes law, the president as world leader, election process, trial by jury, petition process, state and federal partnerships, foreign treaties, free press, lobbyists, Civil Rights, the New Deal, and welfare. "Immigration/Migration" covers laws, settlement patterns, Oath of Allegiance, ships' manifests, Chinese labor, Mexican border, ethnic neighborhoods, and current issues. "Inventions" content looks at contributions of minorities, economic forces, the assembly line, stock market, The Jungle, the Keating-Owens Child Labor Act, unions, banking, patents, international trade, monopolies, and the information age.

Grantee Name:Washougal School District 112-6, WA
Project Name:Teachers as Historian: Kindling a Passion for US History!
Project Director:Teresa Baldwin
Number of Teachers Served:60
Number of School Districts Served:2
Number of Students Served:No Information Available
Grade Levels:elementary, middle and high school
Partners:Washington State University Vancouver, Lewis & Clark Bi-Centennial, Clark County Museum, Vancouver National Historic Reserve Trust, and area organizations
Topics:Colonization, the American Revolution, the Constitution, Westward Exploration
Methods:Symposia series, 50-day summer historical field study, mentoring using the Concerns-Based Adoption Model, Capstone Trip, monthly study groups, lecture podcasts, area lectures and exhibits, and online network

This project aims to raise teacher and student appreciation for traditional American history through a professional development program that emphasizes early American history, innovative instructional practices, and student motivation. A "community of historians" will be developed, comprised of both students and teachers engaged in historical inquiry. Content will be studied through the perspectives of people, documents, pivotal events of local, state, and national significance, cultural influences, and challenges to democracy. Subject matter includes: French/ British/Spanish colonies, colonial governments, Mayflower Compact, Plymouth, Jamestown, colonial slavery, Revolution, Declaration of Independence, Paine, Hobbes, and Locke, Treaty of Paris, first inaugural speech, profiles of Washington, John and Abigail Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Hamilton, Sacagawea, Lewis and Clark, federalism vs. state rights, and immigrants of early America.

Last Modified: 10/24/2007