Earth Day: 9 Ways to Promote Environmental Consciousness

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April 22 is Earth Day. Gaylord Nelson, a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin founded Earth Day in 1970, as a means of bringing attention to environmental issues. Promote a deeper awareness of environmental stewardship in your kids with these suggested resources from the Environmental Protection Agency, National Park Service, U.S. Geological Survey, NASA, and more.

Get Outdoors and Get Moving

  1. Visit a national park: Get a first-hand look at the flora and fauna close by, by seeing if you have a national park in your area and take your kids for a walk or a hike in one of these parks. Or go to a local park instead. Ask your kids what kinds of plants and animals they see. How many different kinds of plants and animals can everyone point out?

  2. Start a garden: Whether you plant flower or vegetable seeds or both, you and your kids can enjoy some time together in the outdoors. A small space in the backyard, a flower pot on a balcony, or a window sill planter box are all fine. Give your kids a packet or two of seeds to plant, and some potting soil, and remember to follow the directions on the packets regarding sun and water for the best results. Once seedlings appear, sharpen arithmetic skills by measuring the tallest plant once a week, and keep a log for several weeks to see if the plant grows by the same amount each week. Or have kids keep a garden journal from year to year to see how much they’ve learned from their experiences.


  1. Learn more about the water cycle: Instill a greater awareness of natural resources, such as water, by exploring the water cycle. To help kids gain an understanding that resources are finite, look at the water cycle in either online or in poster form, or watch the cycle in motion.

  2. Develop energy awareness: Kids may not be aware that energy is a resource, just like water, and should be conserved. To help kids understand the need for energy conservation, try playing some online games.

  3. Go bird watching: Put some bird seed or bread out on your patio, balcony, deck, or back step. See how many different birds come to eat. Try making a bird feeder with pine cones and peanut butter, to attract local species of birds and increase your kids’ appreciation of nature. If you go to a National Park, check out what kinds of birds are indigenous to that area.

  4. Explore the neighborhood’s geology: Take a walk with your kids and find different rocks. See how many different kinds of small rocks you find, based on the color, size, shape, and texture. Make a log of these descriptors, and include where you found each—was it the park, a friend’s front yard, your backyard—and draw or put a picture of the rock with each entry. Can you find any similarities among the rocks? Are there different kinds in each location or are they all the same kind? Dig deeper into the study of geology with the U.S. Geological Survey’s Education website.

Healthy Eating

  1. Go to a farmers’ market: There are a lot of reasons to shop at a farmers’ market. If close enough, walk or bike with your family to a local farmers’ market. Have your kids pick out a favorite fruit or two to make smoothies, or pick out a favorite vegetable that can be served with a low-calorie dip or with another favorite food, like peanut butter.


  1. Find books and other information about the environment: Take a trip to your local library and check out books on the environment. Some books that have messages to share with your kids about the environment include:

    The Lorax by Dr. Seuss

    The Giving Tree by Shel Silverstein

    Recycle! A Handbook for Kids by Peter and Connie Roop

    Let’s Celebrate Earth Day by Gail Gibbons

Also, check out websites where kids can learn about different ecosystems, recycling, and the importance of plants and animals.

Arts Connections

  1. Get creative with recyclables: Talk to your kids about why it’s a bad idea to litter—not only can it be unsightly, but it can actually harm animals, water, and soil. Explain that recycling things, such as plastic, glass, and paper, also can help by not creating as much trash that could become litter. See if your kids can identify recyclables around the house and come up with ideas of something they could make and use, like a pencil holder from a plastic milk bottle or a desk organizer from an egg carton.

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Last Modified: 12/01/2015