Of the Office for Civil Rights
Fiscal Year 2006
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III. SECTION 504 OF THE REHABILITATION ACT OF 1973 AND
TITLE II OF THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT OF 1990
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504) prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in all programs or activities that receive federal financial assistance. The Section 504 regulations (34 C.F.R. Part 104) contain general provisions as well as more specific provisions addressing employment; accessibility; preschool, elementary and secondary education; postsecondary education; health, welfare and social services; and procedures.
OCR also enforces Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (Title II of the ADA), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability by public entities, including public schools. OCR is responsible for enforcing Title II of the ADA with respect to public elementary and secondary education systems and institutions, public institutions of higher education and vocational education (other than schools of medicine, dentistry, nursing and other health-related schools), and public libraries.