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HEA: TRIO Upward Bound - FY 2005

CFDA Numbers: 84.047 - TRIO_Upward Bound
84.047M - TRIO - Upward Bound Math/Science

Program Goal: Increase the percentage of low-income, first-generation college students who successfully pursue postsecondary education opportunities.

Objective 1 of 1: Increase postsecondary enrollment rates of low-income, first-generation individuals in the academic pipeline.
Indicator 1.1 of 1: Postsecondary enrollment: Percentage of Upward Bound participants enrolling in college.
Measure 1.1.1 of 1: The percentage of TRIO Upward Bound participants and higher-risk participants enrolling in college.
Year Actual Performance Performance Targets
Overall Enrollment High-Risk Enrollment
Overall Enrollment High-Risk Enrollment
65 34
65 35
65 35.50
65 36
65 36.50
65 37

Source: Evaluation, Higher Education.
Section: A Study of the Talent Search Program (1995) Analysis and Highlights.

Source: Grantee Performance Report, 1840-0762 Annual Performance Report for the Upward Bound, Upward Bound Math/Science, and Veterans Upward Bound Programs.

Frequency: Annually.

Next Data Available: December 2005
The baseline data from the National Evaluation of the Upward Bound Program meet the data collection standards of the Department of Education. The annual performance report comprises self-reported data; a variety of data quality checks are used to assess the completeness and reasonableness of the data submitted.

Limitations: It takes roughly 5 years from the point of service for enrollment data to reflect the program's impact because the program offers services to high school students beginning in the freshman year, and grantees frequently do not submit their final performance report until a year after the student enrolls in college. The national evaluation is a longitudinal study of program participants and a comparison group selected by random assignment. Data from this study have provided the baseline on college enrollment rates. Since this longitudinal evaluation cannot be used to measure program improvements annually, the annual performance reports will be used to determine if targets are met with the 2002-03 and 2003-04 data, which should be available in September 2005. It should also be noted that the definition of higher-risk student used in the national evaluation is somewhat different than the criteria used by Upward Bound projects funded under the Upward Bound Initiative.
Explanation: The 65 percent of Upward Bound participants enrolled in college in 2000 represents a rate higher than the national average for the same year of 16- to 24-year-old high school graduates enrolling immediately in college (see measure 5.1). Also in 2000, 34 percent of higher-risk Upward Bound participants enrolled in college. These measures were new for FY 2004 and it is the first year for which grantees will be required to report on these measures. New annual performance reports were created to capture the data for this measure. Data for these measures were not collected for FY 2001-03, but data for 2000 are available from a national evaluation of the Upward Bound Program. The national evaluation of the Upward Bound Program found the program has significant effects on higher-risk students. Since proportionately more participants are higher-risk students, maintaining the enrollment rate of 65% requires continual program improvements. The program's effectiveness with higher-risk students is expected to increase by one-half of one percent.

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