U.S. Department of Education: Promoting Educational Excellence for all Americans

A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

HEA: TRIO Upward Bound - 2005

CFDA Numbers: 84.047 - TRIO_Upward Bound
84.047M - TRIO - Upward Bound Math/Science

Program Goal: Increase the percentage of low-income, first-generation college students who successfully pursue postsecondary education opportunities.
Objective 8.1 of 1: Increase postsecondary enrollment rates of low-income, first-generation individuals in the academic pipeline.
Indicator 8.1.1 of 1: Postsecondary enrollment: Percentage of Upward Bound participants enrolling in college.
Targets and Performance Data Assessment of Progress Sources and Data Quality
The percentage of TRIO Upward Bound participants and higher-risk participants enrolling in college.
Year Actual Performance Performance Targets
Overall Enrollment High-Risk Enrollment
Overall Enrollment High-Risk Enrollment
65 34
65 35
65 35.50
65 36
65 36.50
65 37

Explanation: The 2005 plan reflects two changes to the measures and targets for the Upward Bound Program. The first change is the elimination of project persistence (length of participation in program) as an indicator since it does not measure program outcomes. The indicator had been selected as an interim measure because the national evaluation of the Upward Bound Program found a correlation between length of participation in the program and the educational outcomes of participants. Better measures of program success, however, are now available. The second change is to track separately the effect of the program on higher-risk students. This change reflects (1) the findings of the national evaluation of the Upward Bound Program that found the program has significant effects on higher-risk students and (2) recent funding initiatives encouraging Upward Bound projects to serve more higher-risk students. With a greater proportion of Upward Bound participant being higher-risk students, maintaining the current college enrollment rate of 65% demonstrates continual program improvements. The program's effectiveness with higher-risk students is expected to increase by one-half of one percent.  
Source: ED Evaluation
Evaluation: Higher Education.
Section: A Study of the Talent Search Program (1995) Analysis and Highlights.

Additional Source Information: The re-designed Upward Bound performance report that all grantees are required to submit annually since 2000-01.

Frequency: Annually.
Collection Period: 2002 - 2003
Data Available: December 2004
Validated By: No Formal Verification.
The baseline data from the National Evaluation of the Upward Bound Program meet the data collection standards of the Department of Education. The annual performance report comprises self-reported data; a variety of data quality checks are used to assess the completeness and reasonableness of the data submitted.

Limitations: The national evaluation is a longitudinal study of program participants and a comparison group selected by random assignment. Data from this study have provided the baseline on college enrollment rates. Since this longitudinal evaluation cannot be used to measure program improvements annually, the annual performance reports will be used to determine if targets are met beginning with the 2002-03 data, which should be available in mid to late 2004. It should also be noted that the definition of higher-risk student used in the national evaluation is somewhat different than the criteria used by Upward Bound projects funded under the Upward Bound Initiative.

Improvements: Status: Data from the national evaluation of the Upward Bound Program provide the baseline (2000 actual performance). The redesigned annual Upward Bound performance report will be used to determine if the performance targets are met for the program overall and the higher risk students. Beginning with the 2001 report for project years 1999-2000 and 2000-01, Upward Bound projects have been submitting individual participant data that can be used to track the academic progress of project participants. Since most Upward Bound participants start in their freshman or sophomore year of high school, a cohort college enrollment rate will be available in late 2004.


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