College and University Teaching
Assisting students who are having difficulty with basic courses has absorbed enormous amounts of institutional energy and proven a source of great frustration to faculty and administrators. At the University of California at Berkeley, the work of Uri Treisman has proven so successful in improving the mathematics performance of underprepared African-American students that it has been widely copied in a variety of circumstances and subject matters elsewhere. The "Medical Scholars Program" at the University of California at San Francisco exemplifies the adaptability, in this case to medical education, of Treisman's "Professional Development Program." At Salem State College, adaptation of a similar model, Supplemental Instruction, has improved student performance in a variety of arts and sciences subjects.
These three programs make heavy use of collaborative learning and problem solving, and use advanced students as group facilitators. Their effectiveness is readily demonstrable.
Of a different order of concern but no less vexing to those directly involved in teaching and learning are the problems of novice library users in gaining access to multiple sources of bibliographic assistance. The Ohio State University libraries have successfully addressed this problem by combining multiple sources of information into a single computer program employing simple commands and uniform screen formats.