OIG: Office of Inspector General
   Current Section

Investigation Report

The United States Department of Justice

District of Montana


Friday, November 16, 2007


United States
Attorney's office for
the District of Montana

P.O. Box 1478
Billings, MT 59103


Jessica T. Fehr
Assistant U.S.
(406) 247-4637

Bill Mercer, United States Attorney for the District of Montana, announced today that during a federal court session in Missoula, on November 16, 2007, before Chief U.S. District Judge Donald W. Molloy, TOMAS DANIEL RAMIREZ, a 33-year-old resident of Polson, appeared for sentencing. RAMIREZ was sentenced to a term of:

  • Prison: 96 months
  • Special Assessment: $400
  • Restitution: $17,981.09
  • Supervised Release: 3 years

RAMIREZ was sentenced in connection with his guilty plea to re-entry of a deported alien, federal education assistance fraud, aggravated identity theft, and perjury.

In an Offer of Proof filed by the United States, the government stated it would have proved at trial the following:

On August 27, 1987, RAMIREZ, using a birth date of 1963, in the Superior Court of the State of California, Napa County, was convicted of burglary and grand theft.

On November 7, 1987, RAMIREZ, an alien and citizen of El Salvador, was deported from the United States to Mexico through the Port of Calexico, California.

On May 6, 1989, RAMIREZ, using the name Dennis Golcoechea Gonzales, and a date of birth of 1964, was arrested in Portland, Oregon, for possession of a controlled substance.

Between 1989 and 1994, RAMIREZ was arrested on numerous occasions using the name Dennis Golcoechea Gonzales. On May 31, 1995, RAMIREZ, using the name Dennis G. Gonzales, was convicted in Washington County, Oregon, of second degree theft.

In January of 2000, RAMIREZ, using the name Dennis G. Gonzales, obtained a General Education Development certificate from the Oregon State Board of Education.

In May of 2002, RAMIREZ attempted to have the GED certificate in the name of Dennis G. Gonzalez changed to Pedro Rivera de Jesus.

During the academic year 2002-03, RAMIREZ attended Portland Community College, Portland, Oregon, using the name Pedro Rivera.

Food Stamp Fraud

On March 1, 2004, RAMIREZ, aka Pedro A. Rivera and his common-law wife, went to the Office of Public Assistance in Polson and applied separately for food stamps. RAMIREZ applied using the name Pedro Rivera and a date of birth of 1973 and SSN: ***-**-8945.

RAMIREZ falsely completed the Application for Assistance for Food Stamps, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and Medicaid using the name of Pedro A. Rivera with a date of birth 1973 and SSN: ***-**-8945.

An Office of Public Assistance employee received the "Rivera" application and noted that "Rivera" had claimed that he had not received food stamps, indicated "None" and "0" for any income and claimed that he was not attending school. The employee contacted an Oregon public assistance office and discovered Rivera's case was still open and that he had received food stamps from Oregon, distributed that same day, and had received unemployment compensation from the State of Oregon. RAMIREZ, as Rivera, also stated he was going to return to Oregon soon to get some paperwork done for school.

Another Office of Public Assistance employee reviewed RAMIREZ'S common-law wife's application and contacted Oregon to verify that food stamps were not being received. The Oregon office verified that they had indeed been distributed. The Office of Public Assistance sent out a denial letter March 2, 2004, for March food stamps.

On March 10, 2006, RAMIREZ and his wife went to talk to their case workers. "Rivera" and the woman told the case workers they had a common law marriage and had been together for several years and planned to get married soon. Based on the common law/marriage relationship, one or both of the Office of Public Assistance employees informed "Rivera" and the woman that they needed to apply for food stamps under one name. "Rivera" said to use the woman's application. Based on the fact that both "Rivera" and the woman had made false statements regarding their existing food stamp and unemployment benefits, they were denied benefits in Montana for 12 months, from May 1, 2004, to April 30, 2005. "Rivera" wrote a withdrawal statement on his application.

However, on August 19, 2004, the common-law wife again attempted to apply for food stamps. In this application, she listed her common-law husband as Dennis Gonzalez, with no SSN or DOB. She was scheduled for an interview on August 18, 2004, with the expectation that she would bring in Gonzalez's SSN number and DOB necessary to complete the application. She failed to show for the interview.

The two did not seek to re-apply for benefits again until July 18, 2005, when she and RAMIREZ, using the name Pedro Rivera, reported for a scheduled interview. They both indicated they were full time students at the Kootenai College in 2004. However, "Rivera" had lost his funding when he went to jail for a period of time.

On July 19, 2005, the woman and RAMIREZ began receiving benefits. Benefits continued through June 6, 2006, for approximately $278.00 per month. During the month of January and February of 2006, she was denied the Food Stamps benefit due to her college enrollment. However, RAMIREZ received the Food Stamps as a household member in the amount of $152.00 per each month.

RAMIREZ'S common-law wife died on April 1, 2006, in a car accident near Pablo. On April 17, 2006, RAMIREZ, still posing as Pedro Rivera, called the Office of Public Assistance to report the death of his wife.

On June 1, 2006, "Rivera" was informed by the Office of Public Assistance that he needed to apply for food stamp benefits on his own behalf.

On July 6, 2006, RAMIREZ, using the name Pedro Rivera, reapplied for Food Stamps using date of birth 1973 and SSN ***-**-8945. On July 17, 2006, "Rivera" began receiving benefits and was issued an Electronic Benefit Transfer card (EBT), which by then had replaced the Food Stamp coupons, with his own pin number. He continued to receive Food Stamp benefits under the name and identifiers of Pedro Rivera through the date of the indictment. The overpayment, due to the fraudulent misrepresentations, was $2,783.

Federal Student Aid Fraud

On October 27, 2004, RAMIREZ applied for Montana Vocational Rehabilitation benefits using the name of Pedro Rivera. In December of 2004, RAMIREZ, using the name Pedro Rivera De Jesus, enrolled at Salish Kootenai College and on December 26, 2004, applied for federal educational benefits, in the form of student assistance, in that alias name, using the date of birth of 1973 and SSN: ***-**-8945.

On December 26,2004, RAMIREZ, using the name Pedro Rivera, completed a Free Application for Federal Student Aid resulting in approximately $7,350 in federal student loans and Pell grants to be disbursed to him to attend college at the Salish Kootenai College during the 2005-2006 school year. In addition, RAMIREZ applied for and received approximately $3,930 in Montana Vocational Rehabilitation student aid.

In Rivera's Salish Kootenai College file were copies of a Social Security card, Puerto Rico birth certificate, an Oregon Identification card, and an Oregon General Education Development certificate, or GED, all bearing the name Pedro Rivera. Investigation determined that the GED was issued in 2000 from the Oregon State Board of Education in Salem, Oregon. Investigators sent a copy of Salish Kootenai College student Rivera's GED to the Oregon State GED Administrator who stated the certificate number represented one issued to Dennis G. Gonzales, not Pedro Rivera.

In 2005, a Financial Aid Officer at Caribbean University in Puerto Rico was attempting to assist a student, Pedro Rivera, complete and submit an application for student aid for the 2005-2006 academic year. Upon processing the application, the financial aid officer discovered that Rivera was already receiving student aid through the Salish Kootenai College in Pablo, Montana.

The Financial Aid Officer then contacted the Financial Aid Director at Salish Kootenai College, informing her that Pedro Rivera appeared to have obtained federal Pell grants to attend both Caribbean University and Salish Kootenai College during the same school year. The Financial Aid Director of Salish Kootenai College subsequently called the student she knew as Pedro Rivera into her office to inquire about the Pell grant issue.

Salish Kootenai College student Rivera told the Financial Aid Director that a man living in Puerto Rico had stolen his identity the year before, and used it to obtain financial aid at colleges in Puerto Rico. After re-contacting the Financial Aid Officer at Caribbean University, the Financial Aid Director of Salish Kootenai College learned the Carribean University student Rivera reported similar allegations of identity theft by a man in Montana.

In January 2006, the Financial Aid Director of Salish Kootenai College reported the alleged identity theft to the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Inspector General, which resulted in an eight month long investigation of the identity theft claims by both individuals.

Investigation into Gonzales' and Salish Kootenai College student Rivera's backgrounds revealed identical addresses in Oregon and Montana from 1996 to the present. The Lake County Sheriff's Office in Polson advised that Salish Kootenai College student Rivera, aka Dennis Gonzales, had been arrested on several occasions for misdemeanor violations, but had recently been released because his wife had died in a car accident. Paperwork in Rivera's Salish Kootenai College file, compared to that in Logan's file, indicated he and Logan resided together in both Oregon and Montana over the past ten years.

Additional booking information and photos of Gonzales from the Lake County Sheriff's office were researched in addition to copies of fingerprint cards from the Montana Criminal Records Division in Helena. One print card stated Rivera as an alias, but all cards were signed Dennis G. Gonzales. The signatures on the Gonzales booking cards are clearly similar to the Pedro Rivera signature on the Social Security card from Salish Kootenai College and the 2004 Free Application for Federal Student Aid.

The Financial Aid Director of Salish Kootenai College identified Gonzales' photo to be that of the individual she knew as Rivera, who had attended Salish Kootenai College.

U.S. Department of Education, Office of Inspector General Special Agents interviewed Carribean University student Pedro Rivera in Puerto Rico in May 2006. Carribean University student Rivera told the agents he thought something was wrong with his Social Security number back in 1993 when he applied for a personal loan and an unknown account appeared in his credit report. At the time, Rivera did not give it much thought until he applied for a federal Pell grant in 2005 and found out someone else was using his identity. Rivera claimed an individual from Montana called him in January 2006, accusing him of identity theft.

Carribean University student Rivera provided agents with copies of various documents including a Social Security card, Puerto Rico birth certificate, High School diploma, Baptism Certificate, Driver's License, and U.S. Passport. In addition, Rivera told agents he had lived in Florida in 2000-2001, but never Oregon or Montana. Rivera said he had never lost any identification documents, and the Social Security statement he receives each year only revealed contributions from his jobs in Puerto Rico. Rivera did, however, provide agents with a copy of his most recent credit report, which revealed several unfamiliar accounts.

Social Security numbers that Gonzales had provided to law enforcement officials over the years were checked in the Social Security Administration database, revealing invalid numbers and numbers belonging to other individuals. Copies of Gonzales' Oregon Driver's License photos were compared to those taken at the Lake County Sheriff's Office, revealing the same individual in all photos.

Course of Federal Prosecution and Search

On September 18, 2006, RAMIREZ was indicted for educational program fraud and aggravated identity theft under the name Dennis G. Gonzales. He appeared before the U.S. District Court in Missoula and advised U.S. Magistrate Judge Jeremiah Lynch that his true name was Pedro Rivera de Jesus. The indictment was later superseded, still under the name Dennis G. Gonzales, to add the food stamp fraud allegations that were not developed until after the first indictment was handed down by the grand jury.

In January 2007, a comparison of fingerprints taken from TOMAS DANIEL RAMIREZ at the time of his 1987 arrest and deportation, from the man calling himself Dennis Golcoechea Gonzales, and Dennis G. Gonzales, in arrests between 1989 and 1995, and the man arrested using the Pedro Rivera De Jesus, indicated that Gonzales and Rivera are only alias names of RAMIREZ, who assumed those identities presumably to avoid deportation. RAMIREZ may have taken the name Rivera as an attempt to discard the name Gonzales under which he had acquired a significant criminal record.

After his deportation in 1987, neither the Attorney General of the United States or the Secretary of Homeland Security have any record of an application being filed for RAMIREZ for permission to lawfully re-enter the United States.

On January 24, 2007, a witness came forward to the Lake County Sheriff's Office and advised that she had known the man using the name Pedro Rivera, and his now deceased wife, Esther, for several years. She knew the man as Pedro, but he was commonly called "Danny." She advised that she had confronted "Danny" who confirmed that he was neither Dennis nor Pedro. RAMIREZ told the woman that he would retain the documents relating to Pedro Rivera so that he could "return to work" as Pedro Rivera upon this release from prison. He advised that he had no identification documentation for the Dennis Gonzales identity. He advised that his true birth certificate was in a manila envelope in a big black suitcase, and that in the event that "anything should happen," the birth certificate should be send to his mother.

On January 25, 2007, a federal search warrant was executed on a residence in Polson where the real birth certificate was believed to be located. A black suitcase was discovered in a room occupied by RAMIREZ. Inside the suitcase was a manila folder with an original birth certificate indicating that TOMAS DANIEL RAMIREZ was born in El Salvador.

Because there is no parole in the federal system, the "truth in sentencing" guidelines mandate that RAMIREZ will likely serve all of the time imposed by the court. In the federal system, RAMIREZ does have the opportunity to earn a sentence reduction for "good behavior." However, this reduction will not exceed 15% of the overall sentence.

Assistant U.S. Attorney Carl E. Rostad prosecuted the case for the United States.

The investigation was a cooperative effort between the Office of the Inspector General for the Department of Education and the Office of the Inspector General for the Department of Agriculture.

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Last Modified: 12/11/2007