U.S. Department of Education: Promoting Educational Excellence for all Americans

U.S. Department of Education
Office for Civil Rights
Programs for English Language Learners

Title Page
Table of Contents
Developing a Program
Program Evaluation
Other Resources
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Part V: Other Resources

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The following websites contain information that is related to civil rights. The documents posted on this server contain hypertext links or pointers to information created and maintained by other public and private organizations. These links and pointers are provided for the user's convenience. The U.S. Department of Education does not control or guarantee the accuracy, relevance, timeliness, or completeness of this outside information. Further, the inclusion of links or pointers to particular items in hypertext is not intended to reflect their importance, nor is it intended to endorse any views expressed, or products or services offered, on these outside sites, or the organizations sponsoring the sites.

OCR policy pertaining to the selection of links appearing on this page

General Resources on the Web

California Department of Education. This site contains information on education issues, instructional resources, lesson plans, curriculum and designing a standards-based accountability system for evaluating programs for ELL students. http://www.cde.ca.gov/sp/el/

Center for Applied Linguistics. CAL is a private non-profit organization that aims to promote and improve the teaching and learning of languages. This is a resource for information on teaching and learning languages, and information about language and culture. The Center for Research on Education, Diversity and Excellence (CREDE), whose purpose is to identify and develop effective educational practices for linguistic and cultural minority students, is located in the CAL site. http://www.cal.org

Center for Multilingual, Multicultural Research, University of Southern California. This site provides a variety of resources and other web links to ESL/Bilingual Resources. http://www-rcf.usc.edu/~cmmr/

ERIC Clearinghouse on Language and Linguistics. This site contains a long list of articles relating to language learning, using resources from within language-minority communities, model programs, and integrating world language-learning with other subject matter classes. http://www.cal.org/ericcll/digest/

Kristina Pfaff's Linguistic Funland. This commercial site was created in 1994 by a graduate student in linguistics and provides a list of various linguistics links on a personal homepage. This site includes a list of resources for language teaching and learning, linguistics, study, and other miscellaneous resources. http://www.linguistic-funland.com/

National Association for Bilingual Education. NABE is a national membership organization dedicated to address the educational needs of language-minority students in the U.S. and to advance the language competencies and multicultural understanding of all Americans. http://www.nabe.org/

National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education. The NCBE provides information on language education for minority students, bilingual education, and English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL). This site contains information on designing, implementing, and evaluating programs for ELL students. http://www.ncbe.gwu.edu/

Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory. NWREL operates a technical assistance center serving the northwest states. The center provides information on educational programs and general school improvement to meet the needs of special populations of children and youth, including ELL students. http://www.nwrel.org/ The Equity Center provides additional useful information. http://www.nwrel.org/cnorse/index.html

Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction (OSPI), Washington State. This site provides information on the programs operated by OSPI and a number of education links. This site contains information on culturally and linguistically diverse students and special education services. http://www.k12.wa.us/

Teachers of English to Speakers of other Languages, Inc. TESOL's mission is to develop the expertise of its members and others involved in teaching English to speakers of other languages to help them foster effective communication in diverse settings while respecting individuals' language rights. This international organization is one of the largest professional organizations for professionals in second language acquisition and contains a variety of information about the subject. http://www.tesol.edu/index.html

University of Texas at Austin, College of Education. This site provides links to bilingual education resources on the internet. http://www.edb.utexas.edu/education/centers/obe/

The U.S. Department of Education. This is the Department's home page and serves as a resource and a gateway to other useful web pages, http://www.ed.gov/, including the Office for Civil Rights (OCR), http://www.ed.gov/offices/OCR/

The U.S. Department of Education, Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs (OBEMLA). Established in 1974 by Congress, OBEMLA helps school districts meet their responsibility to provide equal educational opportunity to ELL children. http://www.ed.gov/offices/OBEMLA/

The U.S. Department of Education, Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI). Provides national leadership for educational research and statistics. This web site has links to education statistics, research, and technical assistance. http://www.ed.gov/offices/OERI/

Resources for Developing ELL Programs

Educational Theory

"LEP Students and Title I: A Guide-book for Educators." This guidebook provides analysis and guidance on providing services to ELL students through a Title I program. http://www.ncbe.gwu.edu/pubs/resource/lepguide

"The Newcomer Program: Helping Immigrant Students Succeed in U.S. Schools." This article provides information on the design and implementation of newcomer programs in a district. http://www.ncbe.gwu.edu/pubs/pigs/pig8.htm

Program Goals

"Creating Appropriate Goals and Objectives." This handout provides information on developing goals for programs that serve ELL students in relationship to overall program design. http://www.ncbe.gwu.edu/pubs/eacwest/handouts/goal-obj/backgrnd.htm

Identification of Potential ELL Students

"Handbook of English language Proficiency Tests." This guide provides an overview of assessing English language proficiency, details regarding five different tests, and a checklist for selecting an appropriate test for a district's needs. http://www.ncbe.gwu.edu/pubs/eacwest/elptests.htm

"Identifying Limited-English-Proficient Students." This handout provides information on identifying ELL students and establishing transition and/or exit criteria. The handout also includes sample instruments for identifying ELL students. http://www.ncbe.gwu.edu/pubs/eacwest/handouts/id-lep/backgrnd.htm

Assessment of ELL Status

"Assessment in ESL & Bilingual Education - A Hot Topic Paper." An overview of assessing language proficiency, review of assessment instruments, achievement testing, and special education assessments, by Gary Hargett, Ph.D. http://www.nwrac.org/pub/hot/assessment.html

Program Design

"The ESL Standards for Pre-K-12 Students." These standards were developed by TESOL to complement the discipline-specific standards created by other professional groups. http://www.tesol.edu/assoc/k12standards/index.html

Special Programs

"Evaluation and Assessment in Early Childhood Special Education: Children Who Are Culturally and Linguistically Diverse." This 1997 IDEA publication from Washington State OSPI provides an overview of key issues relating to the evaluation of language minority students in special education. The following documents are included in the publication: "LEP student Language Skills Checklist" and "Profile of Language Dominance and Proficiency." See http://www.k12.wa.us/specialed/document.asp

"Gifted and Talented Students: Definitions and Suggestions for Identification." This handout provides information on how to identify students from diverse cultures for GATE programs, and includes sample instruments. http://www.ncbe.gwu.edu/pubs/eacwest/handouts/gifted/backgrnd.htm

Resources for Evaluating ELL Programs

"A Portfolio Assessment Model for ESL." This guide provides detailed information on the design, implementation, and use of portfolios in assessment. http://www.ncbe.gwu.edu/pubs/jeilms/vol13/portfo13.htm

"Evaluation and Assessment for Title VII Projects." This guide contains information on a variety of topics, including creating appropriate goals & objectives, identification of gifted and talented students, and evaluators. http://www.ncbe.gwu.edu/pubs/eacwest/handouts/

"Evaluation Handbook." This handbook provides a detailed overview of the entire evaluation process under the following sections: overview, thinking about the evaluation, planning the evaluation, implementing the evaluation, and writing the evaluation. http://www.ncbe.gwu.edu/pubs/eacwest/evalhbk.htm

"Informal Assessment In Education Evaluation: Implications For Bilingual Education Programs." This guide describes alternative assessment approaches and discusses how these approaches can supplement standardized tests. http://www.ncbe.gwu.edu/pubs/pigs/pig3.htm

Other Resource Sites

"The English-as-a-Second Language/ Bilingual Framework," Washington State OSPI. Contains information on program design, and program staffing and resources. Authored by Phillip C. Gonzales, Ed.D. (Not on a web site at this time.)


What terminology is commonly used in bilingual and English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) education? http://www.ncela.gwu.edu/expert/glossary.html

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