Linguistic and Cultural Resources
Keeping the Promise


Dari/Pashto Phrasebook. The Center for Languages of the Central Asian Region at Indiana University Bloomington developed this Dari/Pashto phrasebook for people who assist with any of our Afghan guests who have arrived in the United States. The phrasebook may be used either by English speakers who are assisting or by speakers of Dari or Pashto who are being assisted.

Afghan Immigrants in the United States. Migration Policy Institute, 2021
This article provides information on the Afghan refugee and diaspora communities in the United States. The resource describes the immigration trends and growth of Afghan population in the U.S. The article also discusses themes of distribution of Afghan refugees, their English proficiency; demographics and educational backgrounds; economic and immigration status; and other factors associated with Afghan population in the United States.

An Analysis of Conflict Between Pashto and Dari Languages of Afghanistan. Central Asia Journal, 2018.
This article discusses the languages spoken in Afghanistan. Mainly, it focuses on two official languages of the country, Dari and Pashto. The article traces the history of the two languages and their paths to becoming official languages. Some linguistic similarities and differences between Dari and Pashto are also highlighted. The article also addresses historical and cultural conflicts and competition between the two languages and how this conflict is reflected in the Afghan society.

MustGo. Dari
This webpage provides information about Dari language including its history, status, grammar, phonology, and numerical system.

MustGo. Pashto
This webpage provides information about Pashto language including its history, status, grammar, phonology, and numerical system.

The Afghans Their History and Culture. Center for Applied Linguistics. The Cultural Orientation Resource Center. Culture Profile, 2002.
This resource is a basic introduction to the people, history, and cultures of Afghanistan. It is designed primarily for service providers assisting the Afghan refugees in the United States. The resource covers multiple topics on Afghan population including information on Afghan refugees in the U.S.; history and religion of Afghanistan; Afghan daily life; language, literacy, and education; and cross-cultural adjustment challenges. Even though this resource was published almost 20 years ago, most of its historical and cultural content may still be relevant.

The CIA World Factbook. Afghanistan
This page provides background on Afghanistan as well as geographical, demographic, and cultural information on Afghanistan and its people.

Translation and Interpretation Network
TIN is a premier full-service language access provider in the Dallas Fort Worth area and beyond. This success has been achieved by providing the highest quality interpreting services through professionally trained and certified interpreters, experienced translators who produce high quality document translations; and innovative, industry-leading trainings for customers and individual interpreters.

CORE Afghan Backgrounder
This backgrounder contains historical, political, and cultural information intended to cultivate a general understanding of Afghans who are arriving to the U.S. The ongoing crisis in Afghanistan is complex and spans decades. CORE produced this backgrounder to aid U.S. Resettlement Agencies (RAs) and their local affiliates to provide culturally appropriate Cultural Orientation (CO) and other services to newly arrived Afghans.

Who Are the Afghan Newcomers? Understanding the Background and Socio-Cultural Strengths and Needs of Afghan Evacuees to the United States
This webinar produced by the IRC switchboard provides an overview of events leading to the displacement of Afghan newcomers to the U.S. (also known as evacuees from Afghanistan). It also covers the social and cultural aspects that distinguish this population from other refugee groups in the United States. This webinar is aimed at all resettlement service providers who will be working with incoming Afghan clients, including humanitarian parolees, Special Immigrant Visa (SIV) holders, and others.

Last Modified: 03/21/2022