The Early Learning Challenge Fund
Results-Oriented, Standards Reform of State Early Learning Programs
July 2009

"And we should raise the bar when it comes to early learning programs... Today, some early learning programs are excellent. Some are mediocre. And some are wasting what studies show are – by far – a child's most formative years.

That's why I have issued a challenge to America's governors: if you match the success of states like Pennsylvania and develop an effective model for early learning; if you focus reform on standards and results in early learning programs; if you demonstrate how you will prepare the lowest income children to meet the highest standards of success – then you can compete for an Early Learning Challenge Grant that will help prepare all our children to enter kindergarten ready to learn."

- President Barack Obama
Remarks to the NAACP, July 16, 2009

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Today, Education Secretary Arne Duncan and Health and Human Service Secretary Kathleen Sebelius described President Obama's plan to reform and improve early learning programs as part of the Administration's agenda to deliver a complete and competitive education to every child in America. The Obama Administration's Early Learning Challenge Grant proposal would challenge states to develop effective, innovative models that promote high standards of quality and a focus on outcomes across early learning settings, and dedicate $10 billion over ten years toward this effort.

A Strong Foundation for Success

The years prior to kindergarten are among the most significant in shaping a child's foundation for learning and school success. Research has shown that a child's learning begins at birth, and takes shape as children are nurtured, challenged, and engaged in high-quality learning environments and in relationships with parents and other caregivers.

A robust body of evidence and research demonstrates that high quality early learning programs help children arrive at kindergarten ready to succeed in school and in life. Disadvantaged children who have access to such programs – from birth through age 5 – are more likely to improve their cognitive, social, emotional, and language development. Later effects of high-quality programs are well documented to improve academic achievement, reduce the need for special education, increase employment and earnings, reduce crime and delinquency, and ultimately increase international competitiveness.

And empirical studies have proven that investments in high-quality early learning are among the most cost-effective of any investment along the educational pipeline, returning as high as 15-17 percent on the investment each year.

Promoting Quality in Early Learning Settings

Each day, over 11 million children under the age of 5 spend time outside of the care of their parents, and in a wide variety of environments – each of which should promote and encourage their early learning and development. The quality of early learning settings varies greatly, and despite some progress, early childhood education programs are held to inconsistent standards among and within states.

Without a uniform system of standards to guide the effectiveness of programs, it is often the most disadvantaged children who are left behind. By the time children are 3, disparities in early vocabulary growth between those whose parents are professionals and those from working class families amount to over 50 percent. Studies have documented a school readiness gap as early as kindergarten entry – and as wide as 60 percentage points – between children from the highest socio-economic background and their peers from the lowest group.

President Barack Obama believes that we cannot afford to short-change the early learning needs of our youngest children. America's economic competitiveness depends on providing a high-quality learning environment for every child – from birth through age 5 – to get the early start needed to succeed in school and in life.

Raising The Bar: The Early Learning Challenge Fund

Some states have made significant progress in shaping and developing early learning systems, and many have already begun to address the conditions necessary for promoting early learning and development. Leading states that have embarked on reform report a need for more coordinated and integrated early learning services and programs, and a commitment to accountability and results to ensure that a system with multiple funding streams and settings improves outcomes for all children.

The Challenge

The Early Learning Challenge Fund will challenge Governors to develop new approaches to raising the bar across state early learning settings. States would compete to establish model systems of early learning that:

The System

The Early Learning Challenge Fund would promote the following components of a model early learning system:

The Awards

The Early Learning Challenge Fund would be administered as a collaboration between the U.S. Department of Education and the Administration for Children and Families at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The initiative incorporates two funding elements:

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Last Modified: 02/19/2010