EVALUATION OF PROGRAMS
Linking Measures of Quality and Success at Community colleges to Individual Goals and Customer Needs
May 1999

Endnotes
  1. Edward Krug, The Shaping of the American High School, Volume 2, 1920-1941 (Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1972), 196.

  2. U.S. Congress, Subcommittee on Education of the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, Notes and Working Papers Con-cerning the Administration of Programs Authorized Under Vocational Education Act of 2963 Public Law 88-210, as Amended: The Bridge Between Man and His Work (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, March 1968).

  3. Ibid., 173.

  4. Rocco Pietro et al., Postsecondary Vocational Education in a Technological Economy: Defining the Quality of Programs. (Ann Arbor: Industrial Technology Institute, January 1989).

  5. Thomas J. Kane and Cecelia Elena Rouse, "The Community College: Educating Students at the Margin Between College and Work," Journal of Economic Perspectives 13 (Winter 1999): 63-84.

  6. Stuart Rosenfeld, Cluster/Community College Connections, For the Community College Research Center, Teachers College, January 1999.

  7. Tony Zeis, "Will Our Students Become Theirs?" Community College Journal (June/July 1998): 8-13.

  8. Steven Brill and Jerome Karabel, The Diverted Dream: Community Colleges and the Promise of Educational Opportunity in America, 1900-1985 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989).

  9. Krishan Paul, Ellen Carlos, and David Bushnell, Vocational Education and Economic Development: Case Studies (Washington, DC: American Vocational Association, January 1982).

  10. Patricia M. Flynn, "Vocational Education Policy and Economic Development: Balancing Short-term and Long-term Needs," National Assessment of Vocational Education, Design Papers for the National Assessment of Vocational Education. (Washing-ton, DC: Government Printing Office, 1987).

  11. Louis Blair, Strategies and Approaches for Appalachian Higher Education Institutions to Diffuse Technology for Regional Economic Development (Washington, DC: Appalachian Regional Commission, 1986.

  12. Technical and Community Colleges: Catalysts for Technology Development, in The Role of Community, Technical, and Jun-ior Colleges in Technical Education/Training and Economic Development (Washington DC: American Association of Commu-nity and Junior Colleges, 1987).

  13. Kevin J. Dougherty and Marianne F. Bakia, Community Colleges and Contract Education: Content, Origins, and Impacts (paper for the Community College Research Center, Teachers College, January 1999).

  14. Commission on the Future of the North Carolina Community College System, Gaining the Competitive Edge: The Challenge to North Carolina's Community College System (Raleigh, NC: MDC. Inc, 1989).

  15. Advisory Panel on Southern Workforce Development, Greater Expectations: The South's Workforce is the South's Future. (Chapel Hill: MDC, Inc., September 1992).

  16. The Millennium Group. Building a New Workforce for a New Century (Jackson: Mississippi Community College Foundation, November 1993).

  17. Passage to the Emerging Frontier: A Strategic Plan (Okmulgee: Oklahoma State University Technical Branch, 1993).

  18. Southern Technology Council, Turning to Technology: A Strategic Plan for the Nineties. (Research Triangle Park, NC: South-ern Growth Policies Board, 1989).

  19. 19. Stuart Rosenfeld, New Technologies and New Skills: Two-Year Colleges at the Vanguard of Modernization (Washington, DC: Community College Press, 1995).

  20. Ibid.

  21. Michael Porter, The Competitive Advantage of Nations (New York: Free Press, 1990).

  22. Geographically bounded agglomerations of similar and/or complementary and interdependent businesses that operate as a system and produce synergy.

  23. As evidenced in the cluster-specific structure of the Alabama Technology Network at Alabama community colleges, the cur-rent RTS research in New York for Empire State Development Corporation on community colleges' support of regionally desig-nated clusters, and Hubert H. Humphrey Institute, The Education Industry Report (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota, September 1998).

  24. Thomas Bailey, "Expanding Roles in Economic Development" (paper prepared for Learning.Now symposium, Chapel Hill, NC, December 13-14, 1998).

  25. Clifford Adelman, The Way We Are: The Community College as Thermometer (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Educa-tion/OERI, 1992) and W. Norton Grubb, Working in the Middle (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1996).

  26. John Foster-Bey, Paul Pryde, and Stuart Rosenfeld, Linking Low-Income People to Economic Opportunity in Palm Beach County (report to the Community Foundation for Palm Beach and Martin Counties and the MacArthur Foundation, April 1999).

  27. Workforce Development Program, Building a Highly Skilled Workforce: A Labor Market System for the 21st Century (Wash-ington, DC National Center on Education and the Economy, 1997).

  28. Cliff Adelman, from High School and Beyond transcripts, for American Association of Community Colleges, April 28, 1998.

  29. 21st Century Skills for 21st Century Jobs. A Report of the U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Department of Education, U.S. Department of Labor, National Institute of Literacy, and the Small Business Administration, January 1999.

  30. See Stuart Rosenfeld, Technical Colleges, Technology Deployment, and Regional Development (paper presented at the International Conference on "Building Competitive Economies," Modena, Italy, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, May 1998); and James R. Mahoney and Lynn Barnett, eds., Developing Technicians: Successful International Systems (Washington, DC: Community College Press, 1998).

  31. Stuart Rosenfeld, "A Portrait of Rural America: Conditions Affecting Vocational Education Policy," Vocational Education Study Publication No. 6 (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, April 1981).

  32. A very few examples are: Council of State Chief School Officers, European Lessons from School and the Workplace (Washington, DC: CCSO, 1991); David Stern, et al., School-to-Work Policy Insights from Recent International Developments (Ber-keley: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, December 1996); Gene Bottoms, "Lessons from Europe for Improving School-to-Work Programs," International Forum on Learning and Competitiveness, March 1996; Glenda Partee, Youth Work, Youth Development and the Transition from Schooling to Employment in England, (Washington, DC: American Youth Policy Forum, 1996); and James R. Mahoney and Lynn Barrett, Developing Technicians: Successful International Programs (Washington, DC Community College Press, 1998).

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