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Introduction to the Report
The State ESEA1 Title I Participation Summary Report for 2003-04 summarizes the participation data for the Title I, Part A (Title I), Grants to Local Education Agencies (LEAs) program. This program provides federal funds to assist eligible school districts and schools in supporting opportunities for at-risk children 2 to acquire the necessary knowledge and skills to meet challenging state content and achievement standards. Title I serves at-risk children from preschool through high school, including providing supplemental services to many special populations, including children with disabilities, students with limited English proficiency (LEP), and migrant children. This program also provides services to eligible children in nonpublic schools and in local institutions serving neglected or delinquent students and offers other support services, such as family literacy services.
This report provides Title I participation data for 2003-04, the second year the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) was implemented. The report also presents comparisons with 2002-03 and previous years that were covered by prior laws, including the Improving America’s Schools Act of 1994 (IASA). Topics include districts, schools and students served, the range of instructional and support services provided, Title I staffing patterns, and schools’ progress toward meeting performance standards, as reported by states on Parts I and II of the Consolidated State Performance Reports (CSPR). The tables shown in this report reflect data submitted by the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), and Puerto Rico. State-by-state tables follow the text. This report supplements the information provided in the 2003-04 No Child Left Behind Annual Report to Congress, also prepared by the U.S. Department of Education (the Department).
The quality and timeliness of the state-submitted data continue to be an issue. States were required to submit Part I of the CSPR to the Department in January 2005 and Part II in April 2005; however, not all states met these deadlines. Wyoming did not submit complete 2003-04 Title I participation figures for Part II, so the state-level tables at the end of this report show blank cells for this state. In addition, the states often submitted reports that were incomplete or included apparent errors or inconsistencies. The states were contacted and asked to verify their data or provide revised data. Four states did not submit revised data and two states did not provide final verification of their CSPR data. State data that differed dramatically from previous years and could not be verified were omitted from the data analyses.
The problem of incomplete data is greatest when the CSPR data collection form changes from one year to the next. There are, however, some instances in which states did not provide required information for items in which the data collection form remained the same as in the previous year. In order to improve the submission process in the future, the Department is collaborating with states through tools such as the Education Data Exchange Network (EDEN) and the EDFacts reporting system.
During the data verification process, states could revise information submitted for 2003-04 as well as information submitted for earlier years. As a result of these revisions, some of the information shown in this report for years prior to 2003-04 differs from previously published figures. Additionally, a new table has been included in this report showing the number of districts identified for improvement. The 2003-04 achievement results will be reported separately in State Education Indicators With a Focus on Title I: 2003-04. Refer to the Department’s Web site at http://www.ed.gov/about/offices/list/opepd/ppss/reports.html#title.
1. The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended by the Improving America's Schools Act, Pub. L. No. 103-382, 108 Stat. 3518, et. seq. (1994). This act was further amended by the No Child Left Behind Act, Pub. L. No. 107-110, 20 U.S.C. § 6301 (2002) (enacted Jan. 8, 2002).
2. LEAs target the Title I funds they receive to schools with the highest percentages of children from low-income families. Schools in which poor children make up at least 40 percent of enrollment are eligible to use Title I funds for schoolwide programs that serve all children in the school. Unless a participating school is operating a schoolwide program, the school must focus Title I services on children who are failing, or most at-risk of failing, to meet state academic standards.