A r c h i v e d I n f o r m a t i o n
The hopes for the future of high school sophomores included more education in 1990 than in 1980. In 1990, 60 percent said that they hoped to graduate from college as compared with 41 percent in 1980. Moreover, 27 percent said they hoped to get a postgraduate degree as compared with 18 percent in 1980.
Percent of sophomores who plan to go to college after graduation and educational aspirations, by selected characteristics: 1980 and 1990
Percent of sophomores aspiring to various levels of education: 1980 and 1990
Employment of Young Adults
The proportion of young men 20 to 24 years old in the labor force has remained relatively steady over the past 20 years. In contrast, young women's participation in the labor force has grown significantly. Between 1970 and 1992, the proportion of women 20 to 24 years old in the labor force rose from 58 percent to 71 percent.
Labor force participation of persons 16 years old and over, by sex and age: 1950 to 1992
Labor force participation rate of young adults, by sex and age: 1965 to 1992
Unemployment of Young Adults
Black teenagers are much more likely to be unemployed than whites. The 1992 unemployment rate for white teenage males was about 18 percent; it was 42 percent for black and 28 percent for Hispanic teenage males. High unemployment rates persisted for older black male youths, with about 25 percent of black 20- to 24-year-olds being unemployed compared with 10 percent of whites and 14 percent of Hispanics. Unemployment rates for women followed similar racial/ethnic and age patterns--higher for blacks than for whites and higher for teenagers than for those in their early 20s.
Unemployment rates of 16- to 24-year-olds, by sex, race/ethnicity, and age: 1950 to 1992
Unemployment rate of young adults, by sex, age, and race/ethnicity: 1992
Employment of High School Graduates
Between 1965 and 1992, the percentage of noncollege-bound high school graduates entering the labor force changed little. The apparent dip in 1970 was caused by the entry of young men into the military rather than the civilian labor force. In contrast, the proportion of college students who were also in the labor force rose from 28 percent in 1965 to 49 percent in 1992. Since 1982, the proportion of high school students going on to college immediately after high school has risen.
Employment and unemployment of high school graduates in year of graduation, by college enrollment status: October 1965 to October 1992
Labor force participation and unemployment rates of high school graduates in the year of their graduation: October 1965 to October 1992
Employment of Dropouts
The job outlook for high school dropouts is generally dismal. In October of 1992, only slightly more than one-third of those who had dropped out in the previous 12 months were employed. Some of those not working were looking for jobs, but a majority were not looking for work.
Employment status of high school dropouts in the year that they dropped out: October 1970 to October 1992
Employment status of 16- to 24-year-olds who dropped out of school between October 1991 and October 1992
Citizenship and Values