A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

Prisoners Of Time - April 1994

APPENDIX G

Glossary

Abitur:
A rigorous academic examination German students must pass prior to acceptance at a university.

Academic Day:
That part of the day the Commission believes should be reserved for study in the core academic curriculum.

Core Academic Curriculum:
The Commission defines the following as the core academic curriculum that all students should take during the academic day: English and language arts, mathematics, science, civics, geography, history, the arts, and foreign languages.

Design Flaw:
Permitting standards to vary among students while keeping time constant instead of providing each student the time needed to reach high standards.

Juku:
Private Japanese tutorial schools that supplement school learning, offer remedial and enrichment experiences, and prepare students for university examinations.

National Education Goals:
Goals first adopted by the nation's governors in 1989 for attainment by the year 2000. The goals have been incorporated into GOALS 2000: Educate America Act. (See description of the goals.)

Out-of-School Learning:
Skills, knowledge, habits and perspectives students acquire outside the walls of the school through participation in family and community environments.

School Day:
The total time students are in school, including the academic day (see above) and the time before or after the academic day during which students engage in subjects outside the core academic curriculum, receive supplementary educational services, and participate in extracurricular activities.

World-Class Standards:
Standards for student learning and performance that will permit American students to match or exceed the performance of students in other countries.

Year-Round Schools:
An alternative to the traditional nine-month school calendar. The 180-day school year is broken into instructional blocks that are staggered throughout the year. The days customarily devoted to the typical summer vacation are divided into several "mini-vacations" called Intersessions that are spread out over the calendar year. For example, a student might be in school for twelve weeks, on vacation during a four-week Intersession, and back in school for another twelve-week period. Additional instructional time may or may not be provided during the intersessions for the purposes of enrichment or remedial work.

Single-Track Year-Round Schools:
A plan in which all students attend school on the same schedule of instructional sessions and vacations.

Multi-Track Year-Round Schools:
A plan in which students in one school are divided into three, four, or five groups, each with different schedules of instructional and vacation time. The time students spend in schools is staggered so that one group is on vacation while other groups are in school. Multi-track schools have been created primarily to deal with overcrowding and to make better use of facilities.

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