A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

To Assure the Free Appropriate Public Education of all Children with Disabilities - 1995

Executive Summary

The Seventeenth Annual Report to Congress examines the progress being made toward implementing the requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The purposes of the Act are summarized below.

  1. To provide assistance to States to develop early intervention services for infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families, and to assure a free appropriate public education to all children and youth with disabilities.

  2. To assure that the rights of children and youth with disabilities from birth to age 21 and their families are protected.

  3. To assist States and localities to provide for early intervention services and the education of all children with disabilities.

  4. To assess and assure the effectiveness of efforts to provide early intervention services and educate children with disabilities.

This Report provides a description of the activities undertaken to implement the Act and an assessment of the impact and effectiveness of its requirements. The following brief summaries provide highlights of the information presented in the chapters of the Report.

Chapter 1: Students with Disabilities Served, Placement and Exiting Patterns, and Personnel Who Provide Special Education and Related Services

National statistics and analyses generated from State-reported data submitted annually to the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) are provided. A brief retrospective analysis of Federal funding patterns for special education is also included.

Chapter 2: Meeting the Needs of Infants, Toddlers, and Preschool Children with Disabilities

The chapter provides an update on the implementation of the Early Intervention Program for Infants and Toddlers (Part H) and the Preschool Grants Program (Section 619 of Part B). It includes a detailed analysis of the State-reported data and OSEP-funded projects related to serving children with disabilities ages birth through 5.

Chapter 3: The Relationship of Secondary School Experiences to the Early Post-School Outcomes of Youth with Disabilities

This chapter presents highlights of findings from the National Longitudinal Transition Study (NLTS) regarding selected aspects of the programs, performance, and post-school results of students with disabilities who attended regular secondary school.

Chapter 4: Results for Students with Disabilities

There is concern nationally about the educational performance of all students. The specific concern about educational results for students with disabilities is also growing because, in part, there has been very little information about the educational results of this group of students. This chapter describes some of the work of the National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO), which has been funded by OSEP since 1990 to address the issues related to educational results for students with disabilities. This chapter focuses on NCEO's ongoing analysis of current State and national assessment practices for students with disabilities.

Chapter 5: Financing Services for Students with Disabilities

This chapter provides an overview and summary of the work completed by the Center for Special Education Finance (CSEF) during its first two years of operation (FY 1993 and FY 1994). CSEF has been funded by OSEP to provide policy makers and administrators at the Federal, State, and local levels with data, analyses, expertise, and opportunities to share information about special education finance issues. CSEF has completed the following projects: A survey of State educational funding reform trends, formulation of a set of fiscal policy guidelines that promote inclusion, and a case study of a State-level cost analysis project since its inception.

Chapter 6: Assisting States and Localities in Educating all Children with Disabilities

This chapter describes the efforts OSEP undertakes to assist State and local educational agencies in educating all children and youth with disabilities and the refinements OSEP has made to its monitoring system.

Chapter 7: Serving Students with Disabilities in Rural Areas

This chapter discusses the unique challenges that rural special educators and administrators face in providing a free appropriate public education to students with disabilities living in rural areas.

[List of Acronyms] [Table of Contents] [School-Age Students with Disabilities Served, Placement and Exiting Patterns, and Personnel Who Provide Special Education and Related Services]