National Institute on the Education of At-Risk Students
The notable feature of the Web is its inter-linking of documents that enable you to go among and across a series of documents or pages simply by selecting a highlighted word or group of words called a "link." It's like having a table of contents of a set of encyclopedia in front of you; when you find the topic that interests you, you can select the link for that topic and display the document associated with it. Once you are in this document additional highlighted "links" are provided so that you can leap directly to other pages in other volumes as various subjects attract your attention.
Finally, you'll need software. Mosaic and Netscape are the two most popular pieces of software, generically referred to as "browsers." With these packages you'll be able to view pictures and graphics at Web sites such as the Louvre art museum in Paris. If you have a slower computer or modem, however, it can take a very long time for pictures to load on your screen, so you may need to use a non-graphical (text-only) browser, such as DOSLynx. DOSLynx displays the text of Web pages or files without the images. You can find both PC-Windows and Apple Macintosh versions of Mosaic and Netscape.
When you attempt to connect to a URL, you may get a message back saying that a particular address is not available. Often the failure to connect may be similar to a busy signal on the telephone, i.e., all the lines at that address are busy. Sometimes servers have technical difficulties that keep them off-line and inaccessible for only a short period. Some servers are in operation only certain hours of the day or seasons of the year. The point to remember is that you should not give up on an address because you do not make a connection the first time. Try it again later. Also keep in mind that the Web is a very dynamic universe; some URLs will be set up and then either changed or eliminated in a relatively short time. If you happen to enter a URL that has been changed, Web site administrators will often provide you with a new address for that particular document or home page.
FTP sites act as archives for text, binary, and software files. Users visiting FTP sites are looking for specific files to download to their machines. The URL for the Department of Education FTP server is:
Web servers are being created throughout the network of Internet users. The proliferation of servers makes it a daunting task to find pertinent information resources. Two prominent Web sites, both originating at universities, provide a service known as "search engines." Their addresses are:
http://www.yahoo.com/ a subject index of Web sites
http://lycos.cs.cmu.edu/ an Internet keyword search tool
There is a growing number of other sites that provide this service. There is also a specialized search feature available within the Department of Education WWW site, called "Search This Site" at http://search.ed.gov/. This feature is helpful for browsing through the numerous sections of the Department WWW site.
http://www.ed.gov/ U.S. Department of Education/Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI)
http://www.ed.gov/prog_info/At-Risk/ National Institute on the Education of At-Risk Students (part of OERI)
http://www.sedl.org/ Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (SEDL)
http://www.globe.gov/ Science and math education program in earth/weather science sponsored by National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
http://www.socorro.k12.tx.us/ Socorro Independent School District, El Paso County, TX
<--a href="http://nisus.sfusd.k12.ca.us/"-->http://nisus.sfusd.k12.ca.us/ San Francisco, CA Unified School District
http://cyclops.pei.edu:8001/~briddlkc/swhs.html Southwest Science/Math Magnet High School, Kansas City, MO
http://www.mvhs.edu/ Monta Vista High School, Cupertino, CA
http://hillside.coled.umn.edu/class1/cdc/home.htm Hillside Elementary School, in cooperation with the College of Education at the University of Minnesota
Guides to the U.S. Department of Education: general overviews of the Department and road maps to its programs and offices.
Collections of Research Syntheses: concise, research-based synopses and literature reviews of major educational topics.
Publications for Parents: electronic versions of popular pamphlets and brochures designed to address parents' concerns about their children's education.
Education Statistics : an extensive set of statistical tables, charts, and studies produced by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) to report the condition and progress of education.
Department-wide Initiatives: a growing collection of information about Goals 2000, Family Involvement, Standards, Technology, School-to-Work, and other major Department initiatives.
Educational Research and Practice- Reports and Studies: comprehensive, timely analyses of major educational topics such as systemic reform, the relationship between time and learning, and research-based transformation of instruction.
Resource Directories: catalogs and collections of information on a wide range of educational programs, events, and organizational sources of assistance.
Newsletters From the Department:
periodical publications featuring news about Department initiatives and programs, upcoming events, new publications and services, and the latest research findings and model programs.
Complete documents can be viewed and downloaded from the Department's Web site. Additionally, the National Institute on the Education of At-Risk Students has the following publications on line:
Education Consumer Guides (Nos. 11, 12, 13, and 14): Gopher It! Accessing Department of Education Grant Information on the Internet, USENET Newsgroups, Gopher It! Information On-Line at the U.S. Department of Education, and An Introduction to the Internet.
Other publications, such as Consumer Guides and information about department-funded research centers associated with the At-Risk Institute, soon will be on-line at the At-Risk Institute WWW home page.
This Consumer Guide, which was prepared by Patricia Dabbs with helpful insights on technology issues from the Office of Educational Research and Improvement's Decision Systems Technology, Inc. Team, is part of a series published by the Office of Educational Research and Improvement. To be added to the Consumer Guides mailing list, send your name and address to Consumer Guides, OERI, U.S. Department of Education, 555 New Jersey Ave. NW, Room 610, Washington, DC 20208. Consumer Guides are also available on the Internet at gopher.ed.gov/ and http://www.ed.gov/. This document is in the public domain and may be freely reproduced in part or in its entirety without permission. Please credit OERI.
This Consumer Guide is produced by the National Institute on the Education of At-Risk Students, Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI), U.S. Department of Education
Richard W. Riley, Secretary of Education
Sharon P. Robinson, Assistant Secretary, OERI
Judith I. Anderson, Acting Director, At-Risk Institute