|Know Your Body (KYB) School Health Promotion Program, The. A multicomponent comprehensive school health promotion program for students in grades K-6 with the goal of empowering students with the skills they need to make their own positive health choices.|
Audience Approved by PEP for students in grades K-6.
Description The Know Your Body (KYB) School Health Promotion Program consists of five basic components: (1) skills-based health education curriculum, (2) teacher/coordinator training, (3) biomedical screening, (4) extracurricular activities, and (5) program evaluation.
The curriculum and the teacher/coordinator training are considered the "core" components of the program, while the others are considered optional components or "enhancements." While implementation of the full KYB program is recommended, the program may be effectively implemented without the additional components. The American Health Foundation will assist schools to customize a program which best suits their needs, goals, philosophies, and capacities.
KYB curriculum materials include: Age-appropriate teacher's guides (grades K-6), student master sheets (grades K-3); student activity books (grades 4-6); a class Big Book (grade 1); and puppet sets (grades K-3). A comprehensive user's guide (Coordinator's Guide) is also available which provides detailed instructions for implementing all of KYB's program components.
The Program stresses individual responsibility for health and provides the basis for making health-promoting and disease-preventing decisions. Behavioral goals are geared toward outcomes that children of this age can realistically affect, such as breakfast and snack choices, and asking adults to not smoke in their presence.
It is recommended that the KYB program be taught a minimum of 40 minutes per week. Most teachers are able to use the program much more often because of its interdisciplinary approach.
The KYB program addresses the National Goals for Education in several ways. Through its substance use prevention, healthy relationship, and skill modules, the Program can help reduce drug use and violence (Goal 7). As part of the KYB training, program coordinators learn how to improve their school food service programs as well as how to achieve a smoke-free campus, thereby creating an "environment conducive to learning."
Evidence of Effectiveness The results of several longitudinal evaluations have demonstrated that the KYB program has a significant positive effect on students' health-related knowledge, behavior, and biomedical risk factors such as serum cholesterol levels, blood pressure, cardiovascular endurance, smoking, and diet.
Requirements Typically, the KYB program requires that a local program coordinator or trainer be trained by the American Health Foundation (AHF) staff. Once trained, this person can then conduct teacher trainings and support program implementation at their school site. The AHF hosts NDN-funded KYB Training Institutes biannually. The interaction of teachers, administrators, school food service personnel, and parents is key to the success of the Program. The involvement of local health agencies, hospitals, and health care professionals is also an important part of program effectiveness.
Costs The first-year cost of the KYB core components is estimated to be $5 per student. In subsequent years this initial cost is reduced to $0 - 2 per student. Training costs consist of a $350 per diem plus travel expenses and workshop materials. (It is recommended that each participant have a teacher's guide [$40-$75] and a training packet [$15]).
Services An awareness packet, which includes a sample module from the Teachers' Guide, is available for $5. The KYB staff will assist local coordinators with training, implementation, and evaluation of the program.
Developmental Funding: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Cancer Institute, and W.K. Kellogg Foundation.
PEP No. 89-1 (3/24/89)