A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

FY 1999 Annual Plan - Volume 1. Objective Performance Plans and Data Quality - February 27, 1998

Objective 3.4. All adults can strengthen their skills and improve their earning power over their lifetime through lifelong learning.

Context: As the world of work changes, many workers need to upgrade their skills and some need to be retrained for entirely new jobs. Objective 3.4 focuses on providing educational opportunities for these adults--through postsecondary education, adult basic education, or vocational rehabilitation--that will lengthen their productive years and benefit the economy by creating a more flexible and highly trained workforce.

Key strategies for FY 1999


Programs supporting this objective

Adult Education
  • Adult Education State Grants
  • Adult Education Evaluation and Technical Assistance
  • National Institute for Literacy
  • Star Schools
  • Community-Based Technology Centers

Vocational Rehabilitation

  • Vocational Rehabilitation State Grants
  • Independent Living
  • Projects with Industry
  • Supported Employment
Postsecondary Education
  • Pell Grants
  • Campus-based programs
  • Federal Family Education Loans
  • Direct Student Loans
  • TRIO's Educational Opportunity Centers
  • Learning Anytime Anywhere Partnerships

Selected performance indicators and charts

Objective 3.4 measures lifelong learning with indicators that measure the effects of federally funded programs and tax credits on encouraging adult literacy and employment. The indicators track how many people use Lifetime Learning tax credits, the percentage of individuals who receive vocational rehabilitation services and then obtain and maintain employment, the literacy skills of adult Americans, and the percentage of students in adult basic education who achieve proficiency in basic skills.

In vocational rehabilitation, the percentage of all persons who obtain employment after receiving vocational rehabilitation services will increase each year. (Goal 3, indicator 20)

Indicator background and context. Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) state grants provide services to help persons with disabilities prepare for and engage in employment to the extent of their capabilities. The program includes services such as vocational evaluation, counseling, mental and physical restoration, education, vocational training, work adjustment, job placement, and post employment services. Priority is given to serving individuals with the most severe disabilities. In recent years, the percent-age of individuals with severe disabilities as a proportion of all individuals achieving an employment outcome has risen; the cost of rehabilitating individuals with severe disabilities has been consistently higher than for individuals with non-severe disabilities. As a group, persons who achieve employment as a result of VR services show gains in their ability to function in economic terms.

Data source. Annual RSA state data.

By fall 1999, adults at the lowest levels of literacy (those in beginning ABE and Beginning ESOL) will comprise 45-50% of the total national enrollment. (Adult Education State Grants program plan, indicator 3.1)

Indicator background and context. The Adult Education Act emphasizes serving the most educationally disadvantaged adults, those who demonstrate basic skills at or below the 5th grade level or who are enrolled in the lowest level of an adult education program. For example, in making subgrants, states are to consider the applicant's past effectiveness in and commitment to serving individuals most in need of literacy services. The indicator highlighted here underscores the importance of targeting services to an increasing percentage of educationally disadvantaged learners in the adult education system, despite any difficulties and the time needed to achieve outcomes for this population as opposed to adults with less need for basic education.

Data source. Adult Education Management Information System.

Verification/validation of performance measures: Ongoing evaluations of Adult ESL and ABE providers, and of consumers receiving services from state Vocational Rehabilitation agencies, will provide independent information regarding program outcomes. Routine monitoring and on-site reviews of Vocational Rehabilitation and Adult Education programs will specifically address State procedures to verify grantee reports.


[Objective 3.3] [Table of Contents] [Objective 4.1]