A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

FY 1999 Annual Plan - Volume 1. Objective Performance Plans and Data Quality - February 27, 1998

Objective 1.7. Schools use advanced technology for all students and teachers to improve education.


Context: Research has found that educational technology, when used effectively, can significantly improve teaching and learning. The impact of technology on educational achievement is expected to grow with improvements in software and hardware. The educational resources of the Information Superhighway are growing rapidly. However, many students and teachers--particularly those in high-poverty or rural schools--have little access to these resources.

The "four pillars" of the President's Educational Technology Challenge--(1) professional development for effective use of educational technology; (2) student classroom access to modern multimedia computers; (3) classroom connections to the Information Superhighway; and (4) integration of technology for improved teaching and learning to high standards--work to ensure that no child is left behind.

Educational technology continues to be a high priority and we have made significant progress on our goals to put modern computers in our classrooms and connect them to the information superhighway. With increasing access to computers and telecommunications, we must be sure that teachers also have the training and support they need to effectively use this investment.

In response to this significant need, the Administration's educational technology FY 99 investments will place special emphasis on technology training for teachers, to ensure that all new teachers entering the workforce can use technology effectively in the classroom and that there is at least one teacher who can serve as a technology expert in every school to help other teachers use technology. In addition, the FY 99 budget request provides funding for new research and expanding the role of technology for life long learning.

Key strategies for FY 1999

Coordination

Programs supporting this objective

Formula grant programs for services and equipment
  • Goals 2000 grants to states
  • Technology Literacy Challenge Fund

Discretionary grant programs for services and equipment

  • IDEA Technology and Media Services

Technical assistance

  • Comprehensive Regional Assistance Centers
  • Regional Technology in Education Consortia

Performance information

  • Statistics and Assessment
Demonstrations
  • Eisenhower Math/science Regional Consortia
  • Urban Community Service
  • Telecommunications Demonstration Project for Math

Development and dissemination

  • Technology Innovation Challenge Grants
  • Regional Educational Laboratories
  • Star Schools
  • NIDRR
  • Assistive Technology
  • Ready to Learn Television
  • Eisenhower Professional Development Federal Activities

Selected performance indicators and charts

The performance indicators included in the Strategic Plan for objective 1.7 relate to the expected outcomes of effectively implementing the four pillars, including a critical end outcome (improved student achievement) and key process indicators that will show how the education system is changing to make better use of educational technology.

The ratio of students per modern multimedia computer will improve to 5:1 by 2001. (Goal 1, indicator 40)

Indicator background and context. The ratio of students to computers was 9 to 1 in 1995. This fell to 7 to 1 in 1996. High poverty schools often have more students sharing a computer. The number of students per multimedia computer was 21.1 in 1997.

Data source. Advanced Telecommunications Survey, MDR, QED.

The percentage of public school instructional rooms connected to the Information Superhighway will increase from 14% in 1996 to 25% in 1998, and higher percentages thereafter. (Goal 1; indicator 41)

Indicator background and context. The number of instructional rooms in public schools connected to the Information Superhighway grew from 3% in 1994 to 8% in 1995, to 14% in 1996.

Data source. NCES Advanced Telecommunications.

Verification/validation of performance measures: Independent evaluations conducted by the Planning and Evaluation Service will report on the federal technology programs at the state, local, and school levels. Statistically valid national surveys of technology implementation will be obtained through the National Center for Education Statistics. Independent expert groups in the technology field will provide guidance on measurement and reporting of results.

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