A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

FY 1999 Annual Plan - Volume 1. Objective Performance Plans and Data Quality - February 27, 1998

Objective 1.3. Schools are strong, safe, disciplined, and drug free

Context: Schools must provide a safe and drug-free environment if students are to learn effectively. Drug and violence prevention plays a critical role in ensuring such environments. School modernization also contributes to strong, safe schools.

Key strategies for FY 1999


Programs supporting this objective

Grants for services
  • Safe and Drug-Free Schools Grants to States
  • Safe and Drug-Free Schools Coordinators
  • 21st Century Community Learning Centers
  • Impact Aid
  • National Center for Education Statistics
Development, dissemination, and technical assistance
  • Safe and Drug-Free Schools National Programs
  • Comprehensive regional assistance centers

Selected performance indicators and charts

The Department is monitoring progress on this objective in terms of the national trends in student drug and alcohol use, in-school use, and attitudes towards drugs and alcohol as a precursor to behavior, as well as national trends in student victimization and violent incidents in schools. The Department is also focusing on indicators of the quality of drug and violence prevention programs as a result of problems identified by evaluations of the antecedent Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act.

By 2000, reduce the prevalence of past month use of illicit drugs and alcohol among youth by 20% as measured against the 1996 base year. (Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) target)

Indicator background and context. While rates of student drug use have shown increases in recent years, 1997 data indicate that--although marijuana continues its longer-term rise among older teens--use of a number of other illicit drugs has begun to level off.

Data source. Monitoring the Future, 1991-1997

The number of criminal and violent incidents in schools by students will continually decrease between now and 2002. (Goal 1, indicator 20)

Indicator background and context. Student-reported rates of victimization provide one measure of school safety; these rates may differ from incident reports provided by administrators. Although long- term trend data are not available, data for recent years suggest that student victimization rates are currently relatively stable.

Data source. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, 1993-1995.

By 1999, all LEAs will use prevention programs that are based on the Principles of Effectiveness. (Safe and Drug-Free Schools Program plan, indicator 5)

U.S. Department of Education's Principles of Effectiveness for Drug Prevention Programs
Effective July 1998:
  • Grant recipients will base their programs on a thorough assessment of objective data about the drug and violence problems in the schools and communities served.
  • Grant recipients will, with the assistance of community representatives, establish a set of measurable goals and objectives, and design their activities to meet those goals and objectives.
  • Grant recipients will design and implement their activities based on research or evaluation that provides evidence that the strategies used prevent or reduce drug use, violence, or disruptive behavior.
  • Grant recipients will evaluate their programs periodically to assess their progress toward achieving their goals and objectives and use their evaluation results to refine, improve, and strengthen their program and to refine their goals and objectives as appropriate.

Indicator background and context. The Department is developing Principles of Effectiveness for the SDFSCA program to ensure that states and districts implement effective prevention approaches.

Data source. No data are currently available on the number of local education agencies implementing the Principles of Effectiveness. This information is being collected starting in FY 1998 through district surveys and state performance reports. A new evaluation will examine the quality of implementation of the Principles during the first years they are in effect.

Verification/validation of performance measures: Data on performance measures will be obtained from multiple data sources--rigorously designed and nationally representative independent data collections including: Monitoring the Future (University of Michigan/HHS), the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (CDC), and the National Crime Victimization Survey (Bureau of Justice Statistics). Evaluation studies sponsored by ED include technical working groups to provide independent consultation.


[Objective 1.2] [Table of Contents] [Objective 1.4]