Models of Exemplary, Effective, and Promising Alcohol or Other Drug Abuse Prevention Programs on College Campuses
Funds awarded through this program will be used to identify and disseminate information about exemplary and effective alcohol or other drug abuse prevention programs implemented on college campuses. The U.S. Department of Education also will recognize colleges and universities whose programs, while not yet exemplary or effective, show evidence that they are promising. The funds also will be used by grantees to enhance and further evaluate their exemplary, effective, or promising programs.
University of Albany, State University of New York (UAlbany)
Project Director: Dolores Cimini, Ph.D.
Developed, implemented and rigorously evaluated at the University at Albany for the past three years, the STEPS program is a comprehensive Screening and Brief Intervention (SBI) strategy based on the Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students (BASICS). The BASICS is a well-researched harm reduction approach, as well as a preventive intervention specifically designed for college students 18-24 years old. The intervention is aimed at students who drink alcohol heavily and have experienced or are at risk for alcohol-related negative consequences. The STEPS model is designed to: 1) reduce alcohol use, frequency and quantity, and 2) reduce associated negative consequences by adapting interventions to meet the distinct and complex needs of the three target populations of high-risk drinkers: first-year students, student-athletes, and students seeking primary health and mental health care on campus.
The proposed project enhancements will focus on developing, integrating and evaluating fraternity and sorority-specific and responsive individual, organization, and web-delivered SBI strategies within the STEPS program model by collaborating with BASICS program developers and the University’s Office of Fraternity/Sorority Affairs. These enhancements are based on campus needs as documented from annual university-wide assessment, as well as based on research service gaps that exist within the broader college student alcohol abuse prevention field.
University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB)
Project Director: Merith Cosden, Ph.D.
The College Alcohol and Substance Education (CASE) program is an abstinence and harm-reduction intervention, developed at UCSB, which integrates evidence-based practices into a clinical framework to reduce freshmen students’ high-risk drinking and related consequences while increasing protective behaviors. CASE is part of UCSB’s comprehensive alcohol and other drug program (ADP) which includes risk assessment through online education, parent notification of students’ alcohol-related offenses, peer education, and environmental management strategies undertaken by the many partners in UCSB’s effective campus/community coalition. CASE implements evidenced-based practices such as motivational interviewing, cognitive-behavioral therapy and skill development with students who are referred for violation of campus alcohol policies.
The proposed project will further enhance, evaluate and disseminate the findings of this program. Project goals include refining the intake assessment, reducing the amount of high-risk drinking among students who have more severe drinking problems, and reducing negative related consequences and increasing abstinence. The project will also focus on increasing protective behaviors and the use of harm-reduction strategies.
University of Florida (UF)
Project Director: Virginia Dodd, Ph.D.
With more than 50,000 full time students, the University of Florida (UF) identifies excessive alcohol consumption as the number one social and health problem on campus. Between the periods of 2004-2008, as a result of multiple interventions, the UF high-risk drinking rate decreased by 19.8 percent. Prevention efforts are part of a comprehensive strategy, are evidenced-based and guided by the social ecological model. The interventions address the individual, campus, and community levels, through the use of social norms marketing campaign, a variety of on-campus policy changes, strong administrative leadership and support from the President’s office and persistent enforcement. To enhance and further validate these efforts, the program will evaluate UF’s comprehensive prevention interventions through a quasi-experimental design. The program will also continue to increase greater community awareness among key stakeholders and policy makers to sustain the decrease in high-risk drinking rates.
University of North Carolina Wilmington (UNCW)
Project Director: Rebecca Caldwell, Ph.D.
This University of North Carolina Wilmington’s (UNCW) substance abuse prevention and education program, called CROSSROADS, is a campus-wide program which employs regular assessment, student-focused programming, and engages multiple partners both on and off campus to advance a harm reduction approach, including a non-use message, to reduce alcohol and other drug abuse among students. The program includes 12 planned interventions grounded in a socio-ecological framework. One of the most successful components is the gender-based classroom interventions for the first year students.
This model grant project aims to enhance several of the original project components and expand them to targeted high-risk groups. Expected outcomes include: 1) a decrease in men’s and women’s binge drinking, 2) increased use of protective factors by men and women, 3) decreased alcohol-related consequences for men and women, 4) decreased recidivism in judicial system, and, 5) the development of effective gender-based alcohol interventions for high-risk groups, including fraternity and sorority members, student-athletes, sport clubs members, first year students, men and women.
University of West Florida (UWF)
Project Director: Debra Vinci, DrPH
The UWF You Have Choices! is a comprehensive, evidenced-based, integrated program to reduce high-risk drinking among college students. The program utilizes environmental strategies coupled with social norms marketing and informational, knowledge-and motivation-based interventions to achieve its goals. For the past three years, promising results include an increase in students’ awareness of campus-related policies, of students’ awareness of the availability of prevention programs, and students’ perception of concern that alcohol policies are enforced. The goals of UWF’s program are to reduce alcohol use and the incidence of negative consequences related to alcohol consumption.
The proposed model grant would allow for further assessment to measure the effectiveness of the various interventions targeted toward the individual student level. In addition, it will allow for strengthening the program’s impact on the student body as a whole, through expansion of social marketing and health communications strategies.