Models of Exemplary, Effective, and Promising Alcohol or Other Drug Abuse Prevention Programs on College Campuses
Funds awarded through this program will be used to identify and disseminate information about exemplary and effective alcohol or other drug abuse prevention programs implemented on college campuses. The U.S. Department of Education also will recognize colleges and universities whose programs, while not yet exemplary or effective, show evidence that they are promising. The funds also will be used by grantees to enhance and further evaluate their exemplary, effective, or promising programs.
University of Houston
Learning and Assessment Services Student Affairs
4800 Calhoun Road
Houston, TX 77004
Director: Gail Hudson-Gillan, Ph.D.; LCSW
The University of Houston's comprehensive prevention program is theory-driven and research-based, implementing strategies based on recommendations from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism's Task Force on College Drinking. Two-year trend data has shown a reduction in selected negative consequences and an increase in abstinence rates, particularly among underage students.
One of the program's components, Intent and Motivation: Alcohol Group Exercise (IMAGE) has resulted in implementation of self-protective behaviors consistently among high-risk groups (Greek Life, student-athletes, and residence hall students) since January 2006. Additionally, the IMAGE intervention was evaluated using a quasi-experimental design with multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results indicated that students who attended a session were statistically more likely to consume fewer drinks per week, drink fewer times per month, and experience fewer negative consequences than those who did not.
The goal of the program's enhancement is to affect drinking behavior among student athletes and students living in residence halls, while increasing its focus on students in fraternities and sororities. Specific objectives focus on decreasing frequency and quantity of alcohol use as well as alcohol-related negative consequences, while increasing the use of self-protective behaviors.
University of Massachusetts, Amherst
Amherst University Health Services
Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Prevention
Amherst MA 01003
Project Director: Sally Linowski, Ph.D. CHES
As part of a strategic plan to build an effective, comprehensive prevention program, the University of Massachusetts Amherst implemented BASICS (Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students), a nationally recognized program with a strong research basis, for students who violated the campus's alcohol or other drug policies.
UMass Amherst has implemented BASICS for more than two years. Results from a quasi-experimental design indicate that students who participated in BASICS showed significant reductions in high-risk drinking rates and consequences when compared to those who did not. Because BASICS was implemented as part of a larger comprehensive environmental management framework, campus-wide data show a 38 percent decline in binge drinking, a 26 percent decline in frequent binge drinking, and a 14 percent decline in underage binge drinking.
As part of the program's enhancement, the university will change the program delivery method which will increase the number of students who can be seen without additional staffing, while reducing wait times between referral and intervention, and use an electronically delivered feedback booster sent to a random sample of BASICS participants three months post-intervention.
University of Pennsylvania
Office of Alcohol and Other Drug Programs
3611 Locust Walk
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Project Director: Julie Lyzinski, M.Ed., LPC
The University of Pennsylvania's Office of Alcohol Policy Initiatives (OAPI) will implement its brief motivational intervention program, First Step, with specific focus on Group First Step, which targets high-risk alcohol and other drug use for individuals and statistically high-risk groups at the higher education level. Through this effort, the OAPI aims to increase research on group-specific interventions by identifying replicable strategies for working with statistically high-risk groups and to exemplify the importance of data collection and analysis that can inform best practices.
A key element in the success of the Group First Step program is that it not only effectively lowers high-risk alcohol and other drug use and increases protective factors of individual participants, but also effectively affects and addresses group culture that often supports and perpetuates high-risk drinking, chronic high-risk drinking, and other drug use at the college level. Group First Step for fraternity and sorority chapters is based on the same theoretical approaches of brief motivational interviewing and stages of change theory as the First Step for individuals program. Through this group-based brief motivational intervention, Group First Step appropriately addresses the complexities of alcohol and other drug use within high-risk groups on campus.
University of Wyoming
1000 East University Avenue
341 Knight Hall - Dept. 3708
Laramie, WY 82071-3708
Aware Coordinator and Project Director
Lena Edmonds, MPH, CHES
The University of Wyoming's Alcohol, Wellness Alternatives, Research, and Education (AWARE) Program has more than three years of data from the university's students that demonstrate the program's effectiveness in achieving its goals of reducing frequency and quantity of alcohol use, reducing problems associated with alcohol use, reducing risk factors associated with alcohol use, and increasing protective factors among college students. The AWARE Program will undergo enhancements at three levels of intervention:
- Individual Level: Data will be collected at both 1- and 3-month post-intervention intervals to measure the program's sustained impact on drinking behaviors and related negative consequences. To facilitate data collection, management, and analysis, an electronic data collection and data management system will be designed.
- Student Body: Based on positive outcomes among students mandated to take an online alcohol education program, the online program within a new population (i.e., first-year students) will be replicated and evaluated.
- Community Level: An impact evaluation of its campus-community coalition will be conducted to measure the effect of the coalition on alcohol-related changes in the community and social norms.
Virginia Commonwealth University
Wellness Resource Center (aka "The Well")
P.O. Box 842008
Richmond, VA 23284-2008
Director: Linda C. Hancock, FNP, Ph.D.
Between 2002 and 2007, students exposed to Virginia Commonwealth University's program reduced misperceptions, increased use of protective behaviors, and decreased drinking as measured by estimated blood alcohol content. The university uses audience response "clickers" to provide immediate small group social norms feedback related to alcohol and other drugs.
This project will allow the university to initiate alcohol and other drug abuse prevention efforts with new technology-based enhancements and to carefully evaluate and disseminate those programs. First, the university will create a replicable strategy to conduct environmental assessment using an Honors Module. Students will conduct an environmental assessment using the College Alcohol Risk Assessment Guide, Global Information System, digital cameras, and video-flip cameras. Findings will be summarized and presented with pre-post evaluations in a session for campus and community leaders. Second, the university will conduct a randomized intervention-comparison group study to examine the effect of adding "clicker" technology to traditional group interventions for judicially sanctioned students.