Laws & Guidance ELEMENTARY & SECONDARY EDUCATION
The Impact Aid Program Statute
as amended through January 29, 2013

Title VIII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
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SEC. 8009. [20 U.S.C. 7709] STATE CONSIDERATION OF PAYMENTS IN PROVIDING STATE AID
  1. GENERAL PROHIBITION. -Except as provided in subsection (b), a State may not-
    1. consider payments under this title in determining for any fiscal year-
      1. the eligibility of a local educational agency for State aid for free public education; or
      2. the amount of such aid; or
    2. make such aid available to local educational agencies in a manner that results in less State aid to any local educational agency that is eligible for such payment than such agency would receive if such agency were not so eligible.
  2. STATE EQUALIZATION PLANS.-
    1. IN GENERAL. -A State may reduce State aid to a local educational agency that receives a payment under section 8002 or 8003(b) (except the amount calculated in excess of 1.0 under section 8003(a)(2)(B) and, with respect to a local educational agency that receives a payment under section 8003(b)(2), the amount in excess of the amount that the agency would receive if the agency were deemed to be an agency eligible to receive a payment under section 8003(b)(1) and not section 8003(b)(2)) for any fiscal year if the Secretary determines, and certifies under subsection (c)(3)(A), that the State has in effect a program of State aid that equalizes expenditures for free public education among local educational agencies in the State.
    2. COMPUTATION.-
      1. IN GENERAL. -For purposes of paragraph (1), a program of State aid equalizes expenditures among local educational agencies if, in the second fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the determination is made, the amount of per-pupil expenditures made by, or per-pupil revenues available to, the local educational agency in the State with the highest such per-pupil expenditures or revenues did not exceed the amount of such per-pupil expenditures made by, or per-pupil revenues available to, the local educational agency in the State with the lowest such expenditures or revenues by more than 25 percent.
      2. OTHER FACTORS. -In making a determination under this subsection, the Secretary shall-
        1. disregard local educational agencies with per-pupil expenditures or revenues above the 95th percentile or below the 5th percentile of such expenditures or revenues in the State; and
        2. take into account the extent to which a program of State aid reflects the additional cost of providing free public education in particular types of local educational agencies, such as those that are geographically isolated, or to particular types of students, such as children with disabilities.
    3. EXCEPTION. -Notwithstanding paragraph (2), if the Secretary determines that the State has substantially revised its program of State aid, the Secretary may certify such program for any fiscal year only if-
      1. the Secretary determines, on the basis of projected data, that the State's program will meet the disparity standard described in paragraph (2) for the fiscal year for which the determination is made; and
      2. the State provides an assurance to the Secretary that, if final data do not demonstrate that the State's program met such standard for the fiscal year for which the determination is made, the State will pay to each affected local educational agency the amount by which the State reduced State aid to the local educational agency.
  3. PROCEDURES FOR REVIEW OF STATE EQUALIZATION PLANS.-
    1. WRITTEN NOTICE.-
      1. IN GENERAL. -Any State that wishes to consider payments described in subsection (b)(1) in providing State aid to local educational agencies shall submit to the Secretary, not later than 120 days before the beginning of the State's fiscal year, a written notice of such State's intention to do so.
      2. CONTENTS.-Such notice shall be in the form and contain the information the Secretary requires, including evidence that the State has notified each local educational agency in the State of such State's intention to consider such payments in providing State aid.
    2. OPPORTUNITY TO PRESENT VIEWS. -Before making a determination under subsection (b), the Secretary shall afford the State, and local educational agencies in the State, an opportunity to present their views.
    3. QUALIFICATION PROCEDURES. -If the Secretary determines that a program of State aid qualifies under subsection (b), the Secretary shall-
      1. certify the program and so notify the State; and
      2. afford an opportunity for a hearing, in accordance with section 8011(a), to any local educational agency adversely affected by such certification.
    4. NON-QUALIFICATION PROCEDURES.-If the Secretary determines that a program of State aid does not qualify under subsection (b), the Secretary shall-
      1. so notify the State; and
      2. afford an opportunity for a hearing, in accordance with section 8011(a), to the State, and to any local educational agency adversely affected by such determination.
  4. TREATMENT OF STATE AID.-
    1. IN GENERAL. -If a State has in effect a program of State aid for free public education for any fiscal year, which is designed to equalize expenditures for free public education among the local educational agencies of that State, payments under this title for any fiscal year may be taken into consideration by such State in determining the relative-
      1. financial resources available to local educational agencies in that State; and
      2. financial need of such agencies for the provision of free public education for children served by such agency, except that a State may consider as local resources funds received under this title only in proportion to the share that local tax revenues covered under a State equalization program are of total local tax revenues.
    2. PROHIBITION. -A State may not take into consideration payments under this title before such State's program of State aid has been certified by the Secretary under subsection (c)(3).
  5. REMEDIES FOR STATE VIOLATIONS.-
    1. IN GENERAL. -The Secretary or any aggrieved local educational agency may, not earlier than 150 days after an adverse determination by the Secretary against a State for violation of subsections (a) or (d)(2) or for failure to carry out an assurance under subsection (b)(3)(B), and if an administrative proceeding has not been concluded within such time, bring an action in a United States district court against such State for such violations or failure.
    2. IMMUNITY. -A State shall not be immune under the 11th amendment to the Constitution of the United State from an action described in paragraph (1).
    3. RELIEF. -The court shall grant such relief as the court determines is appropriate.

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Last Modified: 11/07/2013