Laws & Guidance ELEMENTARY & SECONDARY EDUCATION
Subpart 1 — Grants and Subgrants for English Language Acquisition andSubpart 1 — Grants and Subgrants for English Language Acquisition and Subpart 1 — Grants and Subgrants for English Language Acquisition and Language Enhancement

SEC. 3111  |  SEC. 3112  |  SEC. 3113  |  SEC. 3114  |  SEC. 3115  |  SEC. 3116

SEC. 3111. FORMULA GRANTS TO STATES.

    (a) IN GENERAL- In the case of each State educational agency having a plan approved by the Secretary for a fiscal year under section 3113, the Secretary shall make a grant for the year to the agency for the purposes specified in subsection (b). The grant shall consist of the allotment determined for the State educational agency under subsection (c).

    (b) USE OF FUNDS-

      (1) SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES- The Secretary may make a grant under subsection (a) only if the State educational agency involved agrees to expend at least 95 percent of the State educational agency's allotment under subsection (c) for a fiscal year —

        (A) to award subgrants, from allocations under section 3114, to eligible entities to carry out the activities described in section 3115 (other than subsection (e)); and

        (B) to award subgrants under section 3114(d)(1) to eligible entities that are described in that section to carry out the activities described in section 3115(e).

      (2) STATE ACTIVITIES- Subject to paragraph (3), each State educational agency receiving a grant under subsection (a) may reserve not more than 5 percent of the agency's allotment under subsection (c) to carry out one or more of the following activities:

        (A) Professional development activities, and other activities, that assist personnel in meeting State and local certification and licensing requirements for teaching limited English proficient children.

        (B) Planning, evaluation, administration, and interagency coordination related to the subgrants referred to in paragraph (1).

        (C) Providing technical assistance and other forms of assistance to eligible entities that are receiving subgrants from a State educational agency under this subpart, including assistance in —

          (i) identifying and implementing language instruction educational programs and curricula that are based on scientifically based research on teaching limited English proficient children;

          (ii) helping limited English proficient children meet the same challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards as all children are expected to meet;

          (iii) identifying or developing, and implementing, measures of English proficiency; and

          (iv) promoting parental and community participation in programs that serve limited English proficient children.

        (D) Providing recognition, which may include providing financial awards, to subgrantees that have exceeded their annual measurable achievement objectives pursuant to section 3122.

      (3) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES- From the amount reserved under paragraph (2), a State educational agency may use not more than 60 percent of such amount or $175,000, whichever is greater, for the planning and administrative costs of carrying out paragraphs (1) and (2).

    (c) RESERVATIONS AND ALLOTMENTS-

      (1) RESERVATIONS- From the amount appropriated under section 3001(a) for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve —

        (A) 0.5 percent or $5,000,000 of such amount, whichever is greater, for payments to eligible entities that are defined under section 3112(a) for activities, approved by the Secretary, consistent with this subpart;

        (B) 0.5 percent of such amount for payments to outlying areas, to be allotted in accordance with their respective needs for assistance under this subpart, as determined by the Secretary, for activities, approved by the Secretary, consistent with this subpart;

        (C) 6.5 percent of such amount for national activities under sections 3131 and 3303, except that not more than 0.5 percent of such amount shall be reserved for evaluation activities conducted by the Secretary and not more than $2,000,000 of such amount may be reserved for the National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition and Language Instruction Educational Programs described in section 3303; and

        (D) such sums as may be necessary to make continuation awards under paragraph (2).

      (2) CONTINUATION AWARDS-

        (A) IN GENERAL- Before making allotments to State educational agencies under paragraph (3) for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall use the sums reserved under paragraph (1)(D) to make continuation awards to recipients who received grants or fellowships for the fiscal year preceding any fiscal year described in section 3001(b)(1)(A) under —

          (i) subparts 1 and 3 of part A of title VII (as in effect on the day before the date of enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001); or

          (ii) subparts 1 and 3 of part B of this title.

        (B) USE OF FUNDS- The Secretary shall make the awards in order to allow such recipients to receive awards for the complete period of their grants or fellowships under the appropriate subparts.

      (3) STATE ALLOTMENTS-

        (A) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in subparagraph (B), from the amount appropriated under section 3001(a) for each fiscal year that remains after making the reservations under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall allot to each State educational agency having a plan approved under section 3113(c) —

          (i) an amount that bears the same relationship to 80 percent of the remainder as the number of limited English proficient children in the State bears to the number of such children in all States; and

          (ii) an amount that bears the same relationship to 20 percent of the remainder as the number of immigrant children and youth in the State bears to the number of such children and youth in all States.

        (B) MINIMUM ALLOTMENTS- No State educational agency shall receive an allotment under this paragraph that is less than $500,000.

        (C) REALLOTMENT- If any State educational agency described in subparagraph (A) does not submit a plan to the Secretary for a fiscal year, or submits a plan (or any amendment to a plan) that the Secretary, after reasonable notice and opportunity for a hearing, determines does not satisfy the requirements of this subpart, the Secretary —

          (i) shall endeavor to make the State's allotment available on a competitive basis to specially qualified agencies within the State to satisfy the requirements of section 3115 (and any additional requirements that the Secretary may impose), consistent with the purposes of such section, and to carry out required and authorized activities under such section; and

          (ii) shall reallot any portion of such allotment remaining after the application of clause (i) to the remaining State educational agencies in accordance with subparagraph (A).

        (D) SPECIAL RULE FOR PUERTO RICO- The total amount allotted to Puerto Rico for any fiscal year under subparagraph (A) shall not exceed 0.5 percent of the total amount allotted to all States for that fiscal year.

      (4) USE OF DATA FOR DETERMINATIONS-

        (A) IN GENERAL- In making State allotments under paragraph (3), for the purpose of determining the number of limited English proficient children in a State and in all States, and the number of immigrant children and youth in a State and in all States, for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall use data that will yield the most accurate, up-to-date numbers of such children and youth.

        (B) SPECIAL RULE-

          (i) FIRST 2 YEARS- In making determinations under subparagraph (A) for the 2 fiscal years following the date of enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, the Secretary shall determine the number of limited English proficient children in a State and in all States, and the number of immigrant children and youth in a State and in all States, using data available from the Bureau of Census or submitted by the States to the Secretary.

          (ii) SUBSEQUENT YEARS- For subsequent fiscal years, the Secretary shall determine the number of limited English proficient children in a State and in all States, and the number of immigrant children and youth in a State and in all States, using the more accurate of —

            (I) the data available from the American Community Survey available from the Department of Commerce; or

            (II) the number of children being assessed for English proficiency in a State as required under section 1111(b)(7).

SEC. 3112. NATIVE AMERICAN AND ALASKA NATIVE CHILDREN IN SCHOOL.

    (a) ELIGIBLE ENTITIES- For the purpose of carrying out programs under this part for individuals served by elementary schools, secondary schools, and postsecondary schools operated predominately for Native American children (including Alaska Native children), the following shall be considered to be an eligible entity:

      (1) An Indian tribe.

      (2) A tribally sanctioned educational authority.

      (3) A Native Hawaiian or Native American Pacific Islander native language educational organization.

      (4) An elementary school or secondary school that is operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs, or a consortium of such schools.

      (5) An elementary school or secondary school operated under a contract with or grant from the Bureau of Indian Affairs, in consortium with another such school or a tribal or community organization.

      (6) An elementary school or secondary school operated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs and an institution of higher education, in consortium with an elementary school or secondary school operated under a contract with or grant from the Bureau of Indian Affairs or a tribal or community organization.

    (b) SUBMISSION OF APPLICATIONS FOR ASSISTANCE- Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, an entity that is considered to be an eligible entity under subsection (a), and that desires to receive Federal financial assistance under this subpart, shall submit an application to the Secretary.

    (c) SPECIAL RULE- An eligible entity described in subsection (a) that receives Federal financial assistance pursuant to this section shall not be eligible to receive a subgrant under section 3114.

SEC. 3113. STATE AND SPECIALLY QUALIFIED AGENCY PLANS.

    (a) PLAN REQUIRED- Each State educational agency and specially qualified agency desiring a grant under this subpart shall submit a plan to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require.

    (b) CONTENTS- Each plan submitted under subsection (a) shall —

      (1) describe the process that the agency will use in making subgrants to eligible entities under section 3114(d)(1);

      (2) describe how the agency will establish standards and objectives for raising the level of English proficiency that are derived from the four recognized domains of speaking, listening, reading, and writing, and that are aligned with achievement of the challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards described in section 1111(b)(1);

      (3) contain an assurance that —

        (A) in the case of a State educational agency, the agency consulted with local educational agencies, education-related community groups and nonprofit organizations, parents, teachers, school administrators, and researchers, in developing the annual measurable achievement objectives described in section 3122;

        (B) in the case of a specially qualified agency, the agency consulted with education-related community groups and nonprofit organizations, parents, teachers, and researchers, in developing the annual measurable achievement objectives described in section 3122;

        (C) the agency will ensure that eligible entities receiving a subgrant under this subpart comply with the requirement in section 1111(b)(7) to annually assess in English children who have been in the United States for 3 or more consecutive years;

        (D) the agency will ensure that eligible entities receiving a subgrant under this subpart annually assess the English proficiency of all limited English proficient children participating in a program funded under this subpart, consistent with section 1111(b)(7);

        (E) in awarding subgrants under section 3114, the agency will address the needs of school systems of all sizes and in all geographic areas, including school systems with rural and urban schools;

        (F) subgrants to eligible entities under section 3114(d)(1) will be of sufficient size and scope to allow such entities to carry out high-quality language instruction educational programs for limited English proficient children; and

        (G) the agency will require an eligible entity receiving a subgrant under this subpart to use the subgrant in ways that will build such recipient's capacity to continue to offer high-quality language instruction educational programs that assist limited English proficient children in meeting challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards once assistance under this subpart is no longer available;

      (4) describe how the agency will coordinate its programs and activities under this subpart with its other programs and activities under this Act and other Acts, as appropriate;

      (5) describe how the agency will hold local educational agencies, eligible entities, elementary schools, and secondary schools accountable for—

        (A) meeting all annual measurable achievement objectives described in section 3122;

        (B) making adequate yearly progress for limited English proficient children, as described in section 1111(b)(2)(B); and

        (C) achieving the purposes of this part; and

      (6) describe how eligible entities in the State will be given the flexibility to teach limited English proficient children—

        (A) using a language instruction curriculum that is tied to scientifically based research on teaching limited English proficient children and that has been demonstrated to be effective; and

        (B) in the manner the eligible entities determine to be the most effective.

    (c) APPROVAL- The Secretary, after using a peer review process, shall approve a plan submitted under subsection (a) if the plan meets the requirements of this section.

    (d) DURATION OF PLAN-

      (1) IN GENERAL- Each plan submitted by a State educational agency or specially qualified agency and approved under subsection (c) shall—

        (A) remain in effect for the duration of the agency's participation under this part; and

        (B) be periodically reviewed and revised by the agency, as necessary, to reflect changes to the agency's strategies and programs carried out under this part.

      (2) ADDITIONAL INFORMATION-

        (A) AMENDMENTS- If the State educational agency or specially qualified agency amends the plan, the agency shall submit such amendment to the Secretary.

        (B) APPROVAL- The Secretary shall approve such amendment to an approved plan, unless the Secretary determines that the amendment will result in the agency not meeting the requirements, or fulfilling the purposes, of this part.

    (e) CONSOLIDATED PLAN- A plan submitted under subsection (a) may be submitted as part of a consolidated plan under section 9302.

    (f) SECRETARY ASSISTANCE- The Secretary shall provide technical assistance, if requested, in the development of English proficiency standards, objectives, and assessments.

SEC. 3114. WITHIN-STATE ALLOCATIONS.

    (a) IN GENERAL- After making the reservation required under subsection (d)(1), each State educational agency receiving a grant under section 3111(c)(3) shall award subgrants for a fiscal year by allocating to each eligible entity in the State having a plan approved under section 3116 an amount that bears the same relationship to the amount received under the grant and remaining after making such reservation as the population of limited English proficient children in schools served by the eligible entity bears to the population of limited English proficient children in schools served by all eligible entities in the State.

    (b) LIMITATION- A State educational agency shall not award a subgrant from an allocation made under subsection (a) if the amount of such subgrant would be less than $10,000.

    (c) REALLOCATION- Whenever a State educational agency determines that an amount from an allocation made to an eligible entity under subsection (a) for a fiscal year will not be used by the entity for the purpose for which the allocation was made, the agency shall, in accordance with such rules as it determines to be appropriate, reallocate such amount, consistent with such subsection, to other eligible entities in the State that the agency determines will use the amount to carry out that purpose.

    (d) REQUIRED RESERVATION- A State educational agency receiving a grant under this subpart for a fiscal year —

      (1) shall reserve not more than 15 percent of the agency's allotment under section 3111(c)(3) to award subgrants to eligible entities in the State that have experienced a significant increase, as compared to the average of the 2 preceding fiscal years, in the percentage or number of immigrant children and youth, who have enrolled, during the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the subgrant is made, in public and nonpublic elementary schools and secondary schools in the geographic areas under the jurisdiction of, or served by, such entities; and

      (2) in awarding subgrants under paragraph (1) —

        (A) shall equally consider eligible entities that satisfy the requirement of such paragraph but have limited or no experience in serving immigrant children and youth; and

        (B) shall consider the quality of each local plan under section 3116 and ensure that each subgrant is of sufficient size and scope to meet the purposes of this part.

SEC. 3115. SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.

    (a) PURPOSES OF SUBGRANTS- A State educational agency may make a subgrant to an eligible entity from funds received by the agency under this subpart only if the entity agrees to expend the funds to improve the education of limited English proficient children, by assisting the children to learn English and meet challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards. In carrying out activities with such funds, the entity shall use approaches and methodologies based on scientifically based research on teaching limited English proficient children and immigrant children and youth for the following purposes:

      (1) Developing and implementing new language instruction educational programs and academic content instruction programs for such children, and such children and youth, including programs of early childhood education, elementary school programs, and secondary school programs.

      (2) Carrying out highly focused, innovative, locally designed activities to expand or enhance existing language instruction educational programs and academic content instruction programs for such children, and such children and youth.

      (3) Implementing, within an individual school, schoolwide programs for restructuring, reforming, and upgrading all relevant programs, activities, and operations relating to language instruction educational programs and academic content instruction for such children, and such children and youth.

      (4) Implementing, within the entire jurisdiction of a local educational agency, agencywide programs for restructuring, reforming, and upgrading all relevant programs, activities, and operations relating to language instruction educational programs and academic content instruction for such children, and such children and youth.

    (b) ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES- Each eligible entity receiving funds under section 3114(a) for a fiscal year may use not more than 2 percent of such funds for the cost of administering this subpart.

    (c) REQUIRED SUBGRANTEE ACTIVITIES- An eligible entity receiving funds under section 3114(a) shall use the funds —

      (1) to increase the English proficiency of limited English proficient children by providing high-quality language instruction educational programs that are based on scientifically based research demonstrating the effectiveness of the programs in increasing —

        (A) English proficiency; and

        (B) student academic achievement in the core academic subjects; and

      (2) to provide high-quality professional development to classroom teachers (including teachers in classroom settings that are not the settings of language instruction educational programs), principals, administrators, and other school or community-based organizational personnel, that is —

        (A) designed to improve the instruction and assessment of limited English proficient children;

        (B) designed to enhance the ability of such teachers to understand and use curricula, assessment measures, and instruction strategies for limited English proficient children;

        (C) based on scientifically based research demonstrating the effectiveness of the professional development in increasing children's English proficiency or substantially increasing the subject matter knowledge, teaching knowledge, and teaching skills of such teachers; and

        (D) of sufficient intensity and duration (which shall not include activities such as one-day or short-term workshops and conferences) to have a positive and lasting impact on the teachers' performance in the classroom, except that this subparagraph shall not apply to an activity that is one component of a long-term, comprehensive professional development plan established by a teacher and the teacher's supervisor based on an assessment of the needs of the teacher, the supervisor, the students of the teacher, and any local educational agency employing the teacher.

    (d) AUTHORIZED SUBGRANTEE ACTIVITIES- Subject to subsection (c), an eligible entity receiving funds under section 3114(a) may use the funds to achieve one of the purposes described in subsection (a) by undertaking one or more of the following activities:

      (1) Upgrading program objectives and effective instruction strategies.

      (2) Improving the instruction program for limited English proficient children by identifying, acquiring, and upgrading curricula, instruction materials, educational software, and assessment procedures.

      (3) Providing —

        (A) tutorials and academic or vocational education for limited English proficient children; and

        (B) intensified instruction.

      (4) Developing and implementing elementary school or secondary school language instruction educational programs that are coordinated with other relevant programs and services.

      (5) Improving the English proficiency and academic achievement of limited English proficient children.

      (6) Providing community participation programs, family literacy services, and parent outreach and training activities to limited English proficient children and their families —

        (A) to improve the English language skills of limited English proficient children; and

        (B) to assist parents in helping their children to improve their academic achievement and becoming active participants in the education of their children.

      (7) Improving the instruction of limited English proficient children by providing for —

        (A) the acquisition or development of educational technology or instructional materials;

        (B) access to, and participation in, electronic networks for materials, training, and communication; and

        (C) incorporation of the resources described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) into curricula and programs, such as those funded under this subpart.

      (8) Carrying out other activities that are consistent with the purposes of this section.

    (e) ACTIVITIES BY AGENCIES EXPERIENCING SUBSTANTIAL INCREASES IN IMMIGRANT CHILDREN AND YOUTH-

      (1) IN GENERAL- An eligible entity receiving funds under section 3114(d)(1) shall use the funds to pay for activities that provide enhanced instructional opportunities for immigrant children and youth, which may include —

        (A) family literacy, parent outreach, and training activities designed to assist parents to become active participants in the education of their children;

        (B) support for personnel, including teacher aides who have been specifically trained, or are being trained, to provide services to immigrant children and youth;

        (C) provision of tutorials, mentoring, and academic or career counseling for immigrant children and youth;

        (D) identification and acquisition of curricular materials, educational software, and technologies to be used in the program carried out with funds;

        (E) basic instruction services that are directly attributable to the presence in the school district involved of immigrant children and youth, including the payment of costs of providing additional classroom supplies, costs of transportation, or such other costs as are directly attributable to such additional basic instruction services;

        (F) other instruction services that are designed to assist immigrant children and youth to achieve in elementary schools and secondary schools in the United States, such as programs of introduction to the educational system and civics education; and

        (G) activities, coordinated with community-based organizations, institutions of higher education, private sector entities, or other entities with expertise in working with immigrants, to assist parents of immigrant children and youth by offering comprehensive community services.

      (2) DURATION OF SUBGRANTS- The duration of a subgrant made by a State educational agency under section 3114(d)(1) shall be determined by the agency in its discretion.

    (f) SELECTION OF METHOD OF INSTRUCTION-

      (1) IN GENERAL- To receive a subgrant from a State educational agency under this subpart, an eligible entity shall select one or more methods or forms of instruction to be used in the programs and activities undertaken by the entity to assist limited English proficient children to attain English proficiency and meet challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards.

      (2) CONSISTENCY- Such selection shall be consistent with sections 3125 through 3127.

    (g) SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT- Federal funds made available under this subpart shall be used so as to supplement the level of Federal, State, and local public funds that, in the absence of such availability, would have been expended for programs for limited English proficient children and immigrant children and youth and in no case to supplant such Federal, State, and local public funds.

SEC. 3116. LOCAL PLANS.

    (a) PLAN REQUIRED- Each eligible entity desiring a subgrant from the State educational agency under section 3114 shall submit a plan to the State educational agency at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the State educational agency may require.

    (b) CONTENTS- Each plan submitted under subsection (a) shall —

      (1) describe the programs and activities proposed to be developed, implemented, and administered under the subgrant;

      (2) describe how the eligible entity will use the subgrant funds to meet all annual measurable achievement objectives described in section 3122;

      (3) describe how the eligible entity will hold elementary schools and secondary schools receiving funds under this subpart accountable for —

        (A) meeting the annual measurable achievement objectives described in section 3122;

        (B) making adequate yearly progress for limited English proficient children, as described in section 1111(b)(2)(B); and

        (C) annually measuring the English proficiency of limited English proficient children, so that such children served by the programs carried out under this part develop proficiency in English while meeting State academic content and student academic achievement standards as required by section 1111(b)(1);

      (4) describe how the eligible entity will promote parental and community participation in programs for limited English proficient children;

      (5) contain an assurance that the eligible entity consulted with teachers, researchers, school administrators, and parents, and, if appropriate, with education-related community groups and nonprofit organizations, and institutions of higher education, in developing such plan; and

      (6) describe how language instruction educational programs carried out under the subgrant will ensure that limited English proficient children being served by the programs develop English proficiency.

    (c) TEACHER ENGLISH FLUENCY- Each eligible entity receiving a subgrant under section 3114 shall include in its plan a certification that all teachers in any language instruction educational program for limited English proficient children that is, or will be, funded under this part are fluent in English and any other language used for instruction, including having written and oral communications skills.

    (d) OTHER REQUIREMENTS FOR APPROVAL- Each local plan shall also contain assurances that —

      (1) each local educational agency that is included in the eligible entity is complying with section 3302 prior to, and throughout, each school year;

      (2) the eligible entity annually will assess the English proficiency of all children with limited English proficiency participating in programs funded under this part;

      (3) the eligible entity has based its proposed plan on scientifically based research on teaching limited English proficient children;

      (4) the eligible entity will ensure that the programs will enable children to speak, read, write, and comprehend the English language and meet challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards; and

      (5) the eligible entity is not in violation of any State law, including State constitutional law, regarding the education of limited English proficient children, consistent with sections 3126 and 3127.


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Last Modified: 09/15/2004