Skip Navigation

About Direct Loans


About Federal Student Aid in general

The FSA programs are the largest source of college financial assistance, each year providing billions of dollars in funding through a variety of methods, such as gift aid in the form of grants (money that does not have to be repaid) and as self-help aid in the form of work study (job earnings) and loans (money that must be paid back at interest). The FSA programs comprise:

The last three—FWS, Perkins Loans, and FSEOG—are known collectively as the Campus-Based Programs. Loans through the DL Program come directly from the U.S. government.

About Direct Loans in particular

As noted above, the Direct Loan Program offers a few types of loans: Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loans for students, PLUS Loans for parents and graduate/professional students, and Direct Consolidation Loans for both students and parents. Borrowing a Direct Loan is simple:

  • Students complete one application, the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA), for all FSA programs, including Direct Loans. (We encourage using FAFSA on the Web, the online version of the application, because of its advantages.)
  • The student's prospective school will draft an aid package, which might include a Direct Loan. If the student decides to accept the loan, he or she must sign a loan agreement called a master promissory note (MPN), which, depending on the school, the student might be able to complete electronically. The financial aid office at the school can say how much a student can borrow.
  • Borrowers have flexible repayment plans, and they can change options when they need to without a fee at any time during the life of the loan.
Last updated July 10, 2014


End of Page