Archived Information

Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act


T - VI (INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS)

SEC. ---. (a) Section 603(a) of the Act is amended--

(1) in the first sentence, by striking out the period at the end thereof and inserting in lieu thereof "at all levels of education in the United States.";

(2) in the second sentence, by inserting "shall focus on the languages of a specific world area, shall be conducted in collaboration with foreign language educators and professional associations, shall include effective dissemination efforts, whenever appropriate, and" after "centers";

(3) in paragraph (1), by inserting "and dissemination" after "the conduct";

(4) in paragraph (2), by--

(A) inserting "and dissemination" after "the development"; and

(B) inserting "and instructional delivery systems" after "teaching materials";

(5) in paragraph (3), by striking out "and application of performance testing" and inserting in lieu thereof a comma and "application, and dissemination of performance testing instruments";

(6) in paragraph (5), by inserting "and dissemination to others in the foreign language field" before "of instructional materials"; and

(7) by striking out paragraph (6) and inserting the following new paragraphs:

"(6) the development and coordination of networking frameworks and activities (such as Internet listservs and bulletin boards, newsletters, conferences, and discussion groups) to provide foreign language teachers with ongoing professional development opportunities; and

"(7) the conduct of overseas or domestic intensive summer language institutes designed to meet the needs for intensive foreign language training by students or to provide professional development of, and improve language instruction through pre-service and in service training for, foreign language teachers. ".

(b) Section 604 of the Act is amended--

(1) in the section heading, by striking out "UNDERGRADUATE INTERNATIONAL STUDIES AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROGRAMS" and inserting in lieu thereof "UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS IN INTERNATIONAL STUDIES";

(2) in subsection (a)--

(A) by amending the subsection heading to read as follows:

"(a) Incentive for the Creation of New Programs and the Strengthening of
Existing Programs in Undergraduate International Studies and Foreign Languages and the Development of an International Dimension in Undergraduate Education.--";

(B) by amending paragraphs (1) and (2) to read as follows:

"(1) Authority.--The Secretary is authorized to make grants to institutions of higher education, combinations of such institutions, or partnerships between nonprofit educational organizations and such institutions, to assist such institutions or combinations in planning, developing, and carrying out programs to improve undergraduate instruction in international studies and foreign languages. Such grants shall be awarded for the purpose of seeking to create new programs, or to strengthen existing programs, in undergraduate area studies, foreign languages, and other international fields.

"(2) Federal Share and Use of Funds.--Grants under this subsection may be used to pay not more than 50 percent of the cost of projects and activities that are an integral part of such a program, such as--

"(A) planning for the development and expansion of programs in undergraduate international studies and foreign languages, including the development of an international dimension in undergraduate education;

"(B) teaching, research, curriculum development, and other related activities;

"(C ) training of faculty members in foreign countries;

"(D) expansion of existing and development of new opportunities for learning foreign languages, including the less commonly taught languages;

"(E) programs under which foreign teachers and scholars may visit institutions as visiting faculty;

"(F) international education programs designed to develop or enhance linkages between two- and four-year institutions of higher education, or baccalaureate and post-baccalaureate programs or institutions;

"(G) the development of an international dimension in preservice and inservice teacher training;

"(H) the development of undergraduate educational programs in locations abroad where such opportunities are not otherwise available and the integration of these programs into specific on-campus degree programs;

"(I) the development of model programs to enrich or enhance the effectiveness of educational programs abroad, including pre-departure and post-return programs;

"(J) the expansion of library and teaching resources;

"(K) the use of innovative technology to increase access to international education programs;

"(L) the development of programs designed to integrate professional and technical education with area studies, foreign languages, and other international fields;

"(M) the establishment of linkages overseas with institutions of higher education and organizations that contribute to the educational objectives of this subsection;

"(N) the conduct of summer institutes in foreign area and other international fields to provide faculty and curriculum development, including the integration of professional and technical education with foreign area and other international studies, and to provide foreign area and other international knowledge or skills to government personnel or private sector professionals in international activities; and

"(O) the development of partnerships between institutions of higher education and the private sector, government, and elementary and secondary education institutions to enhance international knowledge and skills.";

(C) in paragraph (3), by striking "and private" and inserting a comma and "private sector corporation or foundation";

(D) after paragraph (4), by adding the following new paragraphs:

"(5) Grant Conditions.--(A) Grants under this subsection shall be made on such terms and conditions as the Secretary determines to be necessary to carry out the objectives of this subsection.

"(B) An applicant for a grant under this subsection shall include in its application--

"(i) evidence that the applicant, has conducted extensive planning prior to submitting its application;

"(ii) an assurance that the faculty and administrators of all relevant departments and programs within the applicant institutions are involved in ongoing collaboration with regard to achieving the stated objectives of the application;

"(iii ) an assurance that students at the applicant institutions, as appropriate, will have equal access to, and derive benefits from, the program assisted under this subsection; and

"(iv) an assurance that each institution of higher education will use the Federal assistance provided under this subsection to supplement and not supplant institutional funds and activities provided by the institution prior to the receipt of Federal funds.

"(6) Evaluation.--The Secretary may establish requirements for program evaluations and require recipients to submit annual reports that evaluate the progress and performance of students in programs under this subsection."; and

(3) by striking out subsection (b) and redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).

(c) Sections 605, 607, and 632 of the Act are repealed and sections 606, 608, 609, and 610 are redesignated as 605, 606, 607, and 608 respectively.

(d) Section 610A is redesignated as section 609 and amended to read as follows:

"AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

"SEC. 609. There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1999 and for each of the four succeeding fiscal years to carry out this part".

(e) Section 614 is amended to read as follows:

"AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

"SEC. 614. There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2002 to carry out this part".

(f) Section 627 is amended to read as follows:

"AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS

"SEC. 627. There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2002 to carry out this part".

(g) Part D of title VI is amended by adding at the end thereof a new section 633 to read as follows:

"EVALUATIONS

"SEC. 633. (a) In General.--For the purpose of improving the operation of programs and projects assisted under this title and section 102(b)(6) of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act, the Secretary may make grants to, or enter into contracts with, institutions of higher education and other public or private institutions or organizations to evaluate the effectiveness of the programs assisted under this title and the programs assisted under section 102(b)(6) of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act.

"(b) Contents.--The evaluations described in subsection (a) shall design, develop and implement both quantifiable as well as quality outcome indicators by which to measure the success of, and potential improvements in, the programs funded under this title and section 102(b)(6) of the Mutual Educational and Cultural Exchange Act. The evaluations shall measure the success of such programs and identify organizational and program practices particularly effective in meeting the purposes of this title.

"(c) Reservation of Funds.--The Secretary may reserve not to exceed 2 percent of the amount appropriated under this title for any fiscal year to carry out this section whenever the amount made available under this title for each program authorized by this title for a fiscal year is not less than the amount available for each such program for fiscal year 1998.".

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SPECS FOR TITLE VI (HEA) INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS

 

1. Eliminate Sec. 605 Intensive Summer Language Institutes.

Current law: Sec. 605 authorizes the Secretary to make grants to institutions of higher education, or combinations of such institutions, for the purpose of establishing and conducting intensive summer language institutes.

Proposed change: Eliminate Sec. 605 authorizing the Summer Instensive Language Institutes from Title VI.

Reasons for change:

Sec. 605 has never been funded, and the Department has no plans to fund these Institutes. In keeping with Department policy we are therefore recommending that this section be eliminated from Title VI.

 

2. Eliminate Sec. 607 Perodicals and Other Research Materials Published Outside the United States (Foreign Periodicals Program).

Current law: Sec. 607 authorizes the Secretary to award grants to institutions of higher education, public or nonprofit private library institutions, or consortia of such institutions for the acquisition of, and provision of access to, periodicals and other research materials published outside the United States.

Proposed change: Eliminate Sec. 607 authorizing the acquisition of periodicals and other research materials published outside the United States (Foreign Periodicals Program) from Title VI.

Reason for change:

Sec. 607 has not been funded since 1993. Currently the Department has no plans to resume funding this program. In keeping with Department policy we are therefore recommending that this section be eliminated from Title VI.

 

3. Eliminate Sec. 632 Preservation of Pre-1992 Programs.

Current law: Sec. 632 provides that, not withstanding any other provision of law, amendments to Title VI establishing new programs or expanding existing programs not be funded in fiscal year 1993 or the four succeeding years unless and until Congress enacts appropriations for programs under Title VI enacted prior to the 1992 Amendments at a level no less than the level of funding in effect for such preexisting programs for fiscal year 12992.

Proposed change: Eliminate Sec. 632 mandating the preservation of pre-1992 programs.

Reasons for change:

1. Sec. 632 referrs specifically to the 1992 amendments to HEA and is outdated.

2. The elimination of this trigger provision gives the Department greater flexibility to support programs that best meet the changing needs in international education and the Nation's need for expertise in foreign languages and related world areas and international studies.

 

4. Revise Sec. 603 Language Resource Centers as proposed below.

(A) To strengthen the responsibility of the Language Resource Centers to serve as resources to improve foreign language teaching and learning in K-12.

Current law: Sec. 603 authorizes the Secretary to make grants and to enter into contracts with institutions of higher education, or combinations of such institutions, for the purpose of establishing, strengthening and operating a small number of language resource and training centers, which shall serve as resources to improve the capacity to teach and learn foreign languages effectively.

Proposed change: The Secretary is authorized to make grants and to enter into contracts with institutions of higher education, or combinations of such institutions, for the purpose of establishing, strengthening, and operating a small number of national language resource and training centers, which shall serve as resources to improve the capacity to teach and learn foreign languages effectively at all levels of education in the United States.(proposed changes listed in bold.)

Reason for change:

The change we are proposing would strengthen the outreach of the Centers to K-12 by directing them to serve as resources to improve foreign language teaching and learning in K-12.

 

(B) To require Language Resource Centers to focus on a specific world area and to carry out their activities in collaboration with foreign language educators and professional associations.

Current law: Sec. 603 currently contains no requirement that Language Resource Centers focus on a specific world area or that their activities be conducted in collaboration with foreign language educators and professional associations.

Proposed change: Activities carried out by Centers shall focus on the language of a specific world area, shall be conducted in collaboration with foreign language educators and professional associations, and may include ---

Reason for change:

1. The proposed change would require that Centers concentrate their resources more effectively for greater benefit.

2. The proposed change would require that Centers develop linkages with other foreign language educators and professionals for greater mutual benefit.

 

(C) To integrate the dissemination function into each of the Language Resource Center activities as an essential component.

Current law: Sec. 603 currently lists the dissemination of research results and teaching materials as a separate activity, as follows: (6) the widespread of dissemination of research results, teaching materials, and improved pedagogical strategies to others within the postsecondary education community.

Proposed changes: We are proposing to eliminate activity (6) as a separate activity and to integrate the dissemination function as an essential component of Center activities. The list of authorized activities would be revised as follows with proposed changes in bold:

(1) the conduct and dissemination of research on new and improved teaching methods, including the use of advanced educational technology;

(2) the development and dissemination of new teaching materials and instructional delivery systems reflecting the use of such research in effective teaching strategies;

(3) the development, [delete "and"] application, and dissemination of performance testing instruments appropriate to an educational setting for use as a standard and comparable measurement of skill levels in all languages;

(4) the training of teachers in the administration and interpretation of performance tests, the use of effective teaching strategies, and the use of new technologies;

(5). the publication and dissemination to others in the foreign language field of instructional materials in the less commonly taught languages;

 

Reasons for changes:
1. These proposed changes would strengthen the responsibility of the Centers to serve the foreign language community.

2. Strengthening the dissemination function of Centers would maximize the benefits resulting from the federal investment in the improvement of foreign language teaching and learning.

 

(D) To encourage Language Resource Centers to utilize the advances in educational technology.

Current law: Sec. 603 as currently written does not reflect the advances in educational technology that can be utilized to increase the effectiveness of outreach.

Proposed changes: Add the following to the list of authorized activities:

. the development and coordination of networking frameworks and activities (such as Internet listservs and bulletin boards, newsletters, conferences and discussion groups) to provide foreign language teachers with ongoing professional development opportunities;

We are also proposing to add the words and instructional delivery systems to activity (2) listed above.

Reason for changes:

1. The proposed changes would encourage the Centers to make use of the advances in educational technology to improve dissemination and to enhance their outreach function.

 

(E) To authorize Language Resource Centers to conduct domestic and overseas intensive summer language programs.

Current law: Sec. 603 does not currently authorize Centers to conduct intensive summer language programs, either in the U.S. or overseas.

Proposed change: We are proposing to add the following section under allowable activities.

. the conduct of overseas or domestic intensive summer language institutes designed to meet the needs for intensive foreign language training by students or to provide professional development and improve language instruction through pre-service and in-service training for foreign language teachers

Reason for change:
1. We are proposing the elimination of Sec. 605 Intensive Summer Language Institutes as a separate authorization. Adding the above section into Sec. 603 will give the Language Resource Centers an added measure of flexibility in helping to improve foreign language teaching and learning.

NOTE: The changes proposed for Sec. 603 Language Resource Centers are attached as a chart for purposes of comparison.

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Last updated: April 4, 2002 by [pss]

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