Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act
T-IX (GRADUATE FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM)
SEC. ---. Title IX of the Act is amended to read as follows--
"TITLE IX -- NATIONAL NEED GRADUATE FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM
"Sec. 901. [To Be Supplied]
"Sec. 902. (a) Authority.--Subject to section 908, the Secretary shall make grants in accordance with the provisions of this title to eligible entities under section 903 to enable such entities to award graduate fellowships in designated areas of national need to eligible students.
"(b) Geographic Equity.--In making grants under this title, the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, promote an equitable geographic distribution of awards.
"(c) Duration.--Grants made under this title shall be for a period of up to 3 years.
"(d) Minimum and Maximum Amounts.--Each grant awarded under this title shall be at least $125,000, but not more than $750,000, for any fiscal year.
"(e) Program Quality.--The principal criterion for awarding grants under this title shall be the relative quality of the graduate programs described in applications submitted under section 905.
"(f) Matching Requirement.--(1)(A) To receive a grant under this section for any fiscal year, an eligible entity shall contribute, from non-federal sources, toward the cost of carrying out the graduate fellowship program for which the grant is awarded an amount that is at least 25 percent of the amount of the grant.
"(B) An eligible entity's contribution may be in cash or in kind, fairly evaluated.
"(2) An eligible entity that makes institutional payments to individuals supported by fellowships under section 906 for tuition and fees in amounts that exceed the institutional allowances made by the Secretary under section 907(a) may count the excess of such payments toward the amount the eligible entity is required to provide under paragraph (1).
"(g) Reallotment.--If, during any fiscal year, the Secretary determines that a recipient of funds under this title is unable to use all of the funds awarded to it, the Secretary may, on such dates as the Secretary may fix, reallot the funds not needed to other recipients that the Secretary determines can use such funds.
"Sec. 903.(a) Eligibility.--(1) The Secretary is authorized to award grants under section 902 to--
"(A) institutions of higher education on behalf of their academic departments and programs, or other academic units, that offer programs of study and research leading to a terminal postbaccalaureate degree in an area of national need as designated under section 904; and
"(B) those entities eligible under subparagraph (A) that submit a joint proposal with one or more nondegree-granting institutions that have a formal arrangement with one or more degree-granting institutions for support of doctoral dissertation research.
"(2) The nondegree-granting institutions described in paragraph (1) (B) must--
"(i) be described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, and exempt from tax under section 501(a) of such Code;
"(ii) be organized and operated substantially to conduct scientific and cultural research and graduate training programs;
"(iii) not be private foundations;
"(iv) have academic personnel for instruction and counseling who meet the standards of the institution of higher education in which the students are enrolled; and
"(v) have necessary research resources not otherwise readily available to such students.
"(b) Special Rule.--No entity shall be eligible for a grant under section 902 unless the graduate program that is the subject of its application for assistance has been in existence for at least 4 years prior to the date the application is made.
"AREAS OF NATIONAL NEED
"SEC. 904. (a) Designation.--After consultation with the National Science Foundation, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the National Endowment for the Arts, the Department of Labor, and, as appropriate, other Federal and public and private agencies and organizations, the Secretary shall, on a periodic basis, designate areas of national need (such as the Arts, Humanities, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Life Sciences, or Physical Sciences), as well as those areas of national need in which women, individuals from minority groups, and individuals with disabilities are, and have traditionally been, underrepresented.
"(b) Basis for Designation.--In making the designations described in subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider--
"(1) the Nation's interest in supporting graduate study and research in specific academic fields;
"(2) the extent of other Federal and non-Federal support for graduate study and research in such fields;
"(3) an assessment of how the program could achieve the most significant impact with available resources; and
"(4) the extent to which women, individuals from minority groups, and individuals with disabilities are, and have traditionally been, underrepresented in such fields.
"SEC. 905. (a) Authority.--An eligible entity that desires to receive a grant under section 902 shall submit an application to the Secretary in such manner and form, and containing such information and assurances, as the Secretary may reasonably require.
"(b) Contents of Applications.--Each application shall--
"(A) the number, types, and amounts of the fellowships that the applicant intends to offer under the grant;
"(B) the designated area or areas of national need the applicant intends to address under the grant;
"(C) the academic program or programs of the applicant for which the grant is sought, including its experience in training students who obtain academic positions at institutions of higher education; and
"(D) the policies and procedures the applicant will use in awarding fellowships using funds under this title;
"(2) demonstrate the relevant academic program's or programs' quality and outcomes by means of performance-based criteria, including the applicant's performance in recruiting students, training students, and placing students after completion of the course of study; and
"(3) provide assurances satisfactory to the Secretary that--
"(A) in considering students for fellowships under this title, the applicant shall give special consideration to women, individuals from minority groups, and individuals with disabilities, in designated areas of national need in which such individuals are, and have traditionally been, underrepresented;
"(B) in the event that funds made available to an applicant under this title are insufficient to provide the assistance due a student under the commitment entered into pursuant to section 906(b)(1), the applicant will fulfill the commitment to the student from any funds available to it;
"(C) the applicant will provide at least 1 year of supervised training in the instruction of students; and
"(D) Federal funds made available under this title for any fiscal year shall be used to supplement and, to the extent practical, increase the funds that would otherwise be made available for the purpose of this title, and in no case to supplant those funds.
"(c) Special Consideration.--In considering applications for grants under this title, the Secretary shall, as appropriate, give special consideration to applicants that are preparing women, individuals from minority groups, and individuals with disabilities, in the designated areas of national need in which such individuals are, and have traditionally been, underrepresented in postsecondary academic careers.
"(d) Application Review Panels.--To the extent possible, the Secretary shall use geographically balanced review panels of nationally recognized scholars to review and rank applications.
"SEC. 906. (a). Fellowships.--(1) Recipients of funds under this title shall use such funds to award fellowships in designated areas of national need to eligible students who--
"(A) are entering their first year of graduate study or research in a designated field;
"(B) are intending to pursue a doctoral degree in the designated field;
"(C) have demonstrated excellence in their previous postsecondary programs of study; and
"(D) plan postsecondary teaching or research careers.
"(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1)(B), a recipient may award fellowships to students pursuing a master's degree in those fields in which the master's degree is commonly accepted as the appropriate degree for a tenure-track faculty position in that field at a baccalaureate, degree-granting institution.
"(b) Stipends.-- Fellowship stipends awarded under this section shall--
"(1) be provided pursuant to a written commitment between the institutional recipient of funds and the fellowship awardee; and
"(2) provide for support of the awardee through completion of the degree in the awardee's field, not to exceed 3 years.
"(c) Amount of Stipends.--The amount of a stipend to a fellowship awardee shall be set each year at a level of support that is at least equal to that provided by the graduate fellowships awarded by the National Science Foundation.
"(d) Special Rule.--No commitment under subsection (b)(1) shall be made to a fellowship awardee under this section unless the recipient of funds under this title has determined that adequate funds, either from the amounts received or anticipated under this title or from other institutional funds, are available to fulfill such commitment.
"(e) Continuation of Fellowships.--No student shall continue to receive a fellowship stipend under this title if he or she is--
"(1) not maintaining satisfactory progress in study or research in the field in which such fellowship was awarded;
"(2) engaged in less than full-time study or research in the field in which such fellowship was awarded; or
"(3) is engaged in gainful employment, other than employment involved in teaching, research, or similar activities determined by the institution to be in support of the student's progress towards a degree.
SEC. 907. (a) Institutional Payments.--(1) In addition to the fellowship stipends paid to students under this title, the Secretary shall pay to the eligible entity for each individual awarded a fellowship under this title at such institution, an institutional allowance.
"(2) Except as provided in paragraph (3), such allowance shall be--
"(A) $10,000 for the academic year 1997-1998; and
"(B) $10,000 for each succeeding academic year, adjusted annually for inflation as determined by the Department of Labor's Consumer Price Index for the previous calendar year.
"(3) The institutional allowance paid under paragraph (1) shall be reduced by the amount the institution charges and collects from a fellowship awardee for tuition and other fees as part of the recipient's instructional program.
"(b) Use for Overhead Prohibited.--Funds made available under this section shall not be used for the general operational overhead of the academic department or program.
"CONTINUATION OF INSTITUTIONAL AWARDS UNDER PREVIOUS PROGRAMS
"SEC. 908. Before making new awards under this title for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall, as appropriate, make continuation awards to recipients under this title, including recipients of awards under parts B, C, and D of this title as it was in effect prior to the enactment of Higher Education Act Amendments Act of 1997.
"AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS
"SEC. 909. There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for fiscal year 1999 and each of the four succeeding fiscal years to carry out this title.
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T-IX (GRADUATE FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM)
SECTION- BY- SECTION:
Section ---. Section --- of the bill would eliminate all of the separate programs authorized by current Title IX of the HEA (including Part A, Grants to Institutions and Consortia to Encourage Women and Minority Participation in Graduate Education; Part B, Patricia Roberts Harris Fellowship Program; Part C, Jacob K. Javits Fellowship Program; Part D, Graduate Assistance in Areas of National Need; Part E, Faculty Development Fellowship Program; Part F, Assistance for Training in the Legal Profession; Part G, Law School Clinical Experience Programs ) and to replace them with a single graduate fellowship program entitled The National Need Graduate Fellowship Program. This new program would have four purposes:(1) to foster and support high quality graduate education; (2) to provide incentives for students to prepare in disciplines needed to secure America's economic and technological leadership and to enhance the quality of life of our citizens; (3) to provide additional encouragement and opportunities for women and minorities to prepare for academic careers in which they are under-represented; and, (4) to ensure the continuation of a highly qualified professorate for America's colleges and universities by providing incentives and support for students to complete doctoral and master's degree programs leading to academic careers.
Reasons for change:
1. The proposed change would eliminate the fragmented approach to federal support for graduate education by eliminating the small, vulnerable programs currently authorized under Title IX. These would be replaced by a single program that focuses federal resources on a consolidated program incorporating the four major purposes of federal support for graduate education outlined above.
2. The consolidation of federal support for graduate in a single program would strengthen the federal government's ability to help meet national needs in graduate education by enabling the Department to target resources more effectively.
3. A consolidated program would provide the federal government with greater flexibility to address needs in graduate education as these, or as national needs, change.
4. A consolidated program would simplify the application process for institutions.
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