The following information is included in order to clarify the meaning of abbreviations and other terms used in the state educational agency reporting form. Our definitions of incidents and related terms presented below may differ somewhat from the definitions used in your state, districts, and schools. Please call Barbara Williams at 1-800-937-8281 if you have any questions.
Any program, conducted after regular school hours, that encourages drug/violence free lifestyles. Programs may be recreational, instructional, cultural, or artistic in nature.
Alternative education program:
Any program for students who are not enrolled in the regular school environment, such as students who are at risk of dropping out, students who have been expelled from their regular classes, students who are undergoing outpatient treatment for drug use, etc.
Any program, conducted before regular school hours, that encourages drug/violence free lifestyles. Programs may be recreational, instructional, cultural, and/or artistic in nature.
Community service projects:
Activities conducted by students for the benefit of the larger community that encourage students to lead drug/violence free lifestyles or increase students' sense of community.
Conflict resolution program:
Any program offering peer mediation, or conflict and anger management instruction to students.
A group of local educational agencies that have a formal agreement to jointly provide SDFSCA services.
Curriculum acquisition or development:
Purchase of or local development of drug/violence prevention instructional materials for preschool through grade 12 students. It includes acquisition or development of books, workbooks, videotapes, software, and other learning resources.
When phrases such as "drug use," "drug policies," "alcohol and other drugs (AOD)" are used in this survey, the terms are meant to include tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.
Drug prevention instruction:
Instruction aimed at drug prevention that is presented in the classroom (e.g., a unit in a health or physical education class that teaches about tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs; drug prevention instruction that is infused into the general curriculum; or stand-alone program or curriculum such as Here's Looking at You 2000, DARE, Quest, or BABES).
A school classified as elementary by state and local practice and composed of any span of grades not above Grade 6. Combined elementary/middle schools are considered middle schools and combined elementary and secondary schools (e.g., K-12 buildings) are classified as high schools for this report. (If your state uses a different definition, you may use that definition but note the difference in Question 3 on the reporting form.)
The total number of students registered in a given school unit at a given time, often standardized by using the school's enrollment on or about October 1 of a given school year. Also measured by calculating average daily attendance or average daily enrollment.
A violation of a statute or regulation; it may involve one or more victims and one or more offenders. For reporting purposes, an incident of prohibited behavior is the single most serious act that occurs in a given overall incident. Incidents (ordered from most serious to least serious) include the following: homicide; sexual battery (including rape); robbery; battery; breaking and entering/burglary; larceny/theft; motor vehicle theft; kidnapping; arson; threat/intimidation; use or possession of drugs (other than alcohol); sexual harassment; sex offenses (non-forcible); vandalism; weapon possession; unclassified offenses; alcohol (liquor law violations); tobacco (where declared illegal); trespassing; fighting; disorderly conduct; as well as other major offenses; and other state (district or municipal) defined offenses.
Intermediate education agency (IEA):
An education agency at the county or regional level that exists to provide specialized instructional and administrative support and services to local education agencies (e.g., educational service centers).
Local educational agency (LEA)
(Also referred to as a school district):
An education agency at the local level that exists primarily to operate public schools or to contract for public school services.
A separately organized and administered school intermediate between elementary and senior high schools, which might also be called a junior high school, usually includes Grades 7, 8, and 9; Grades 7 and 8; or Grades 6, 7, and 8. Combined elementary/middle schools are considered middle schools for this reporting form; middle/senior high school combinations are defined as senior high schools. (If your state uses a different definition, you may use that definition but note the difference in Question 4 on the reporting form.)
A sample selected purposively, without use of probability or sampling theory. The particular sample may be chosen for (1) convenience, (2) accessibility, or (3) as a "typical" example of others in the group.
An individual who was neither a student nor school personnel for the district reporting the incident.
An individual who is not a student in the school or district reporting the incident.
An individual, whether student or not, involved in committing an incident of prohibited behavior. There may be more than one offender involved in any single incident.
Direct participation of parents or guardians in drug or violence-prevention programs. Types of involvement include the receipt of drug and violence prevention-related programming (education or training); assisting with drug and violence prevention-related instruction or activities in the schools (e.g., as instructors, aides, mentors, etc.).
All alcohol and other drug and violence prevention education services, including drug prevention instruction, violence prevention instruction, prevention-related student support services (e.g., student assistance programs), and conflict resolution programs.
Random or probability-based sample:
A sample selected from a population using probability or sampling theory such that the probability of selection is known. In the case of simple random sampling, all possible samples of the same size have equal probability; in other cases, samples may have unequal probabilities of selection.
For the purposes of this reporting form, school grounds/property should include the school building and immediate grounds, school transportation (e.g., buses), stadiums/gymnasiums, and other facilities. Reporting of incidents on school grounds/property should cover 24 hours/day, not just incidents that occur during school hours. Additionally, an incident that occurs at a school sponsored event off campus is included in the reported statistics if a student is involved, whether as a victim or offender.
A teacher, administrator, or other school staff member such as support staff or maintenance worker; includes a school-based law enforcement officer such as a school resource officer.
This period covers an entire 12-month calendar year, including summer months, following the cycle used in your state. For example, it could be July through June, September through August, or another configuration as long as it includes an entire 12-month calendar year.
Any equipment for use in maintaining a drug/violence-free school environment, for example metal detectors, or beepers, cellular phones, and intercoms for security/school personnel.
Specially-trained personnel who ensure safety and security of a school building and its occupants.
Senior high school:
A school offering the final years of school work necessary for graduation, usually including Grades 10, 11, and 12; or Grades 9, 10, 11, and 12. Combined junior and senior high schools are classified as high schools for this reporting form; combined elementary and secondary schools (e.g., K-12 buildings) are classified as high schools. (If your state uses a different definition, you may use that definition but note the difference in Question 5 on the reporting form.)
Services for out-of-school youth:
Drug/violence prevention projects, activities, or services for school-aged youth not currently enrolled in school, such as drop-outs, and youth in detention centers.
The Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act. Prior to 1994, this was known as the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act (DFSCA).
Special, one-time events:
Drug/violence prevention-related activities that occur once during a school year (e.g., Red Ribbon Week, Project Graduation, special assemblies).
State educational agency (SEA):
An education agency at the state level that exists to provide support and administrative services to local education agencies (e.g., a state department of education).
An individual who is enrolled as a PK-12 student in the school district reporting the incident at the time the incident occurred.
Student support services:
Programs, activities, and events that aim to prevent alcohol and other drug use. Examples include support groups, help lines, counseling services, and mentoring.
Professional development, training, or technical assistance for teachers, certified personnel, or other staff that addresses drug or violence prevention, curriculum implementation, student support, comprehensive health education, early intervention, or rehabilitation referrals.
Violence prevention instruction:
Instruction that is presented in the classroom as part of a class or separate curriculum for the purposes of preventing violence.
Any instrument or object possessed or used to inflict harm on another person, or to intimidate any person. Examples include firearms of any kind (operable or inoperable, loaded or unloaded); all types of knives, chains, pipes, razor blades or similar instruments with sharp cutting edges; ice picks, dirks, other pointed instruments (including pencils, pens); nunchakus; brass knuckles; Chinese stars; billy clubs; tear gas guns; electrical weapons or devices (stun guns); BB or pellet guns; explosives or propellants.
Any incident that involves possession, use or intention to use any instrument or object to inflict harm on another person or to intimidate a person, as well as any incident that is somehow related to the possession, use or sale of weapons but where the use, possession, or sale of weapons was not the main offense (e.g., burglary, trespassing, vandalism); in other words, any incident for which a weapon is present.
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