NCLB STRONGER ACCOUNTABILITY
Public Education in the U.S.: What Is Changing?
September 2008

See also Leading Education Indicators: Trends in Education

  1990 1995 2000 2005 Percent Change
Demographicsa          
Total Enrollment 41.2 million 44.8 million 47.2 million 49.1 million +19%
Minority enrollment 15.9 million 15.8 million 18.4 million 21.4 million +35%
Black enrollment 5.9 million 7.5 million 8.1 million 8.4 million +41%
Hispanic enrollment 4.7 million 6.0 million 7.7 million 9.6 million +106%
Students living in povertyb 8.5 million 9.3 million 7.6 million 8.6 million +2%
Students with limited English proficiency data not available data not available 3.5 million 4.2 million +22%
Students with disabilities 3.3 million 4.5 million 6.0 million 6.7 million +104%
Resources          
Total spending on public K-12 education (2006-07 dollars)c $349.7 billion $388.0 billion $479.0 billion $537.6 billion +54%
Per student spending on public education (2006-07 dollars adjusted for inflation )d $8,363 $8,513 $9,997 $10,725 +28%
Global Landscape          
OECD average bachelor's degree attainment data not available data not available +17% +24% +41%

aU.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data, except for data on students living in poverty.

bU.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economics Statistics Division, Current Population Survey, Historical Poverty Tables, Table 3: Poverty Status, by Age, Race and Hispanic Origin: 1959-2007.

cU.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics (2007), Table 26: Expenditures of educational institutions, by level and control of institution: Selected years, 1899–1900 through 2006–07.

dU.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics (2007), Table 171: Total and current expenditures per pupil in public elementary and secondary schools: Selected years, 1919-20 through 2004-05.


 
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Last Modified: 09/12/2008