A r c h i v e d  I n f o r m a t i o n

PART B--NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH POLICY AND PRIORITIES BOARD

SEC. 921. ESTABLISHMENT WITHIN OFFICE OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND IMPROVEMENT.

(a) IN GENERAL.--There is established within the Office a National Educational Research Policy and Priorities Board.
(b) FUNCTIONS.--It shall be the responsibility of the Board to--
(1) work collaboratively with the Assistant Secretary to determine priorities that should guide the work of the Office and provide guidance to the Congress in its oversight of the Office;
(2) review and approve the Research Priorities Plan developed by the Assistant Secretary in collaboration with the Board;
(3) review and approve standards for the conduct and evaluation of all research, development, and dissemination carried out under the auspices of the Office pursuant to this title; and
(4) review regularly, evaluate, and publicly comment upon, the implementation of its recommended priorities and policies by the Department and the Congress.
(c) ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE BOARD.--It shall also be the responsibility of the Board to--
(1) provide advice and assistance to the Assistant Secretary in carrying out the coordination activities described in section 912;
(2) make recommendations to the Assistant Secretary of persons qualified to fulfill the responsibilities of the Director of each research institute established by section 931 after making special efforts to identify qualified women and minorities and soliciting and giving due consideration to recommendations from professional associations and interested members of the public;
(3) advise and make recommendations to the President with respect to individuals who are qualified to fulfill the responsibilities of the Assistant Secretary for the Office;
(4) review and comment upon proposed contract grant, and cooperative agreement proposals in accordance with section 931(c)(4);
(5) advise the United States on the Federal educational research and development effort;
(6) recommend ways for strengthening active partnerships among researchers, educational practitioners, librarians, and policymakers;
(7) recommend ways to strengthen interaction and collaboration between the various program offices and components;
(8) solicit advice and information from the educational field, to define research needs and suggestions for research topics, and shall involve educational practitioners, particularly teachers, in this process;
(9) solicit advice from practitioners, policymakers, and researchers, and recommend missions for the national research centers assisted under this title by identifying topics which require long-term, sustained, systematic, programmatic, and integrated research and dissemination efforts;
(10) provide recommendations for translating research findings into workable, adaptable models for use in policy and in practice across different settings, and recommendations for other forms of dissemination; and
(11) provide recommendations for creating incentives to draw talented young people into the field of educational research, including scholars from disadvantaged and minority groups.
(d) STANDING SUBCOMMITTEES.--The Board may establish a standing subcommittee for each of the Institutes established by section 931 and for the Office of Reform Assistance and Dissemination established by section 941(b) which shall advise, assist, consult with and make recommendations to the Assistant Secretary, the Board, the Director of such entity and the Congress on matters related to the activities carried out by and through such entities.
(e) POWERS OF THE BOARD.--In carrying out its functions, powers, and responsibilities, the Board--
(1) shall, without regard to the provisions of title 5, United States Code, relating to the appointment and compensation of officers or employees of the United States, appoint a director to be paid at a rate not to exceed the rate of basic pay payable for level V of the Executive Schedule who shall assist in carrying out and managing the activities of the Board and perform such other functions the Board determines to be necessary and appropriate;
(2) shall utilize such additional staff as may be appointed or assigned by the Assistant Secretary;
(3) may arrange for the detail of staff personnel and utilize the services and facilities of any department or agency of the Federal Government;
(4) may enter into contracts, or make other arrangements as may be necessary to carry out its functions;
(5) shall participate in any public meetings or other activities carried out by the Assistant Secretary in the development of the Research Priorities Plan;
(6) may review any grant, contract, or cooperative agreement made or entered into by the Office;
(7) may, to the extent otherwise permitted by law, obtain directly from any department or agency of the United States such information as the Board deems necessary to carry out its responsibilities;
(8) may convene workshops and conferences, collect data, and establish subcommittees which may be composed of members of the Board and nonmember consultants (including employees of the Department of Education) with expertise in the particular area addressed by such subcommittees; and
(9) shall establish such rules and procedures to govern its operations as it considers appropriate, to the extent otherwise permitted by law.
(f) MEMBERSHIP IN GENERAL.--
(1) QUALIFICATIONS.--The members of the Board shall be individuals who, by virtue of their training, experience, and background in educational research and the education professions, are exceptionally qualified to appraise the educational research and development effort of the United States and to fulfill the responsibilities described in subsections (b) and (c).
(2) BROAD REPRESENTATION.--Due consideration shall be given to the gender, race, and ethnicity of appointees to assure that the Board is broadly representative of the diversity of the United States.
(3) LIMITATION.--A voting member of the Board may not serve on any other governing or advisory board within the Department of Education or as a paid consultant of such Department.
(4) CONFLICT OF INTEREST.--A voting member of the Board shall be considered a special Government employee for the purposes of the Ethics in Government Act of 1978.
(g) SECRETARIAL APPOINTMENTS.--The Board shall consist of 15 members appointed by the Secretary. Of the members of the Board--
(1) five shall be appointed from among researchers in the field of education who have been nominated by the National Academy of Sciences;
(2) five shall be outstanding school-based professional educators; and
(3) five shall be individuals who are knowledgeable about the educational needs of the United States and may include parents with experience in promoting parental involvement in education, Chief State School Officers, local educational agency superintendents, principals, members of State or local boards of education or Bureau-funded school boards, and individuals from business and industry with experience in promoting private sector involvement in education.
(h) REQUIREMENTS FOR NOMINATIONS BY THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES.--
(1) IN GENERAL.--In making nominations for the members of the Board described in subsection (g)(1), the National Academy of Sciences--
(A) shall give due consideration to recommendations from research and education organizations;
(B) may not nominate any individual who is an elected officer or employee of such organization; and
(C) shall nominate not less than 5 individuals for each of the positions on the Board for which such organization has responsibility for making nominations.
(2) REQUEST FOR ADDITIONAL NOMINATIONS.--In the event that the Secretary determines that none of the individuals nominated by the National Academy of Sciences meets the qualifications for membership on the Board specified in subsection (g), the Secretary may request that such organization make additional nominations.
(i) NOMINATIONS FOR BOARD MEMBERSHIP.--Prior to appointing any member of the Board, the Secretary shall actively solicit and give due consideration to recommendations from organizations such as the National Education Association, the American Federation of Teachers, the National Parent-Teachers Association, the American Library Association, the American Association of School Administrators, the National Association of State Boards of Education, the National Indian School Board Association, the Association of Community Tribal Schools, the National Indian Education Association, and other education-related organizations and interested members of the public.
(j) EX OFFICIO MEMBERS.--The ex officio, nonvoting members of the Board shall include the Assistant Secretary and may also include--
(1) the Director of Research for the Department of Defense;
(2) the Director of Research for the Department of Labor;
(3) the Director of the National Science Foundation;
(4) the Director of the National Institutes of Health;
(5) the chair of the National Endowment for the Arts;
(6) the chair of the National Endowment for the Humanities;
(7) the Librarian of Congress; and
(8) the Director of the Office of Indian Education Programs of the Department of the Interior.
(k) CHAIR.--The Board shall select a Chair from among its appointed members who shall serve for a renewable term of 2 years.
(l) TERMS OF OFFICE.--
(1) IN GENERAL.--Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), the term of office of each voting member of the Board shall be 6 years.
(2) EXCEPTIONS.--
(A) Any individual appointed to fill a vacancy occurring on the Board prior to the expiration of the term for which the predecessor of the individual was appointed shall be appointed for the remainder of the term. A vacancy shall be filled in the same manner in which the original appointment was made.
(B) The terms of office of the members of the Board who first take office after the date of the enactment of this title shall, as designated by a random selection process at the time of appointment, be as follows:
(i) 3 years for each of 5 members of the Board.
(ii) 4 years for each of 5 members of the Board.
(iii) 6 years for each of 5 members of the Board.
(3) PROHIBITION OF CERTAIN CONSECUTIVE TERMS.--An individual who has been a member of the Board for 12 consecutive years shall thereafter be ineligible for appointment during the 6-year period beginning on the date of the expiration of the 12th year.
(4) PROHIBITION REGARDING REMOVAL.--The Secretary shall neither remove nor encourage the departure of a member of the Board before the expiration of such member's term.
(m) MEETINGS OF BOARD.--
(1) INITIAL MEETING.--The Secretary shall ensure that the first meeting of the Board is held not later than May 15, 1995.
(2) SUBSEQUENT MEETINGS.--The Board shall meet quarterly, at the call of the Chair, and when at least one- third of the members of the Board make a written request to meet.
(3) QUORUM.--A majority of the Board shall constitute a quorum.
(4) OPEN MEETINGS.--The Government in the Sunshine Act (5 U.S.C. 552b) shall apply to meetings of the Board.

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SEC. 915. EXISTING GRANTS AND CONTRACTS. Table of Contents PART C--NATIONAL RESEARCH INSTITUTES