A r c h
i v e d I n f o r m a t i o n
``Subpart 2--Special Programs and Projects To Improve Educational Opportunities for Indian Children
``SEC. 9121. IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR INDIAN CHILDREN.
- ``(a) Purpose.--
- ``(1) In general.--It is the purpose of this section to support projects to develop, test, and demonstrate the effectiveness of services and programs to improve educational opportunities and achievement of Indian children.
- ``(2) Coordination.--The Secretary shall take such actions as are necessary to achieve the coordination of activities assisted under this subpart with--
- ``(A) other programs funded under this Act; and
- ``(B) other Federal programs operated for the benefit of American Indian and Alaska Native children.
- ``(b) Eligible Entities.--For the purpose of this section, the term `eligible entity' means a State educational agency, local educational agency, Indian tribe, Indian organization, federally supported elementary and secondary school for Indian students, Indian institution, including an Indian institution of higher education, or a consortium of such institutions.
- ``(c) Grants Authorized.--
- ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall award grants to eligible entities to enable such entities to carry out activities that meet the purpose specified in subsection (a)(1), including--
- ``(A) innovative programs related to the educational needs of educationally deprived children;
- ``(B) educational services that are not available to such children in sufficient quantity or quality, including remedial instruction, to raise the achievement of Indian children in one or more of the core academic subjects of English, mathematics, science, foreign languages, art, history, and geography;
- ``(C) bilingual and bicultural programs and projects;
- ``(D) special health and nutrition services, and other related activities, that address the special health, social, and psychological problems of Indian children;
- ``(E) special compensatory and other programs and projects designed to assist and encourage Indian children to enter, remain in, or reenter school, and to increase the rate of secondary school graduation;
- ``(F) comprehensive guidance, counseling, and testing services;
- ``(G) early childhood and kindergarten programs, including family-based preschool programs that emphasize school readiness and parental skills, and the provision of services to Indian children with disabilities;
- ``(H) partnership projects between local educational agencies and institutions of higher education that allow secondary school students to enroll in courses at the postsecondary level to aid such students in the transition from secondary school to postsecondary education;
- ``(I) partnership projects between schools and local businesses for school-to-work transition programs designed to provide Indian youth with the knowledge and skills the youth need to make an effective transition from school to a first job in a high-skill, high-wage career;
- ``(J) programs designed to encourage and assist Indian students to work toward, and gain entrance into, an institution of higher education; or
- ``(K) other services that meet the purpose described in subsection (a)(1).
- ``(2) Preservice or inservice training.--Preservice or inservice training of professional and paraprofessional personnel may be a part of any program assisted under this section.
- ``(d) Grant Requirements and Applications.--
- ``(1) Grant requirements.--
- ``(A) The Secretary may make multiyear grants under this section for the planning, development, pilot operation, or demonstration of any activity described in subsection (c) for a period not to exceed 5 years.
- ``(B) In making multiyear grants under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to applications that present a plan for combining two or more of the activities described in subsection (c) over a period of more than 1 year.
- ``(C) The Secretary shall make a grant payment to an eligible entity after the initial year of the multiyear grant only if the Secretary determines that the eligible entity has made substantial progress in carrying out the activities assisted under the grant in accordance with the application submitted under paragraph (2) and any subsequent modifications to such application.
- ``(D)(i) In addition to awarding the multiyear grants described in subparagraph (A), the Secretary may award grants to eligible entities for the dissemination of exemplary materials or programs assisted under this section.
- ``(ii) The Secretary may award a dissemination grant under this subparagraph if, prior to awarding the grant, the Secretary determines that the material or program to be disseminated has been adequately reviewed and has a demonstrated--
- ``(I) educational merit; and
- ``(II) the ability to be replicated.
- ``(2) Application.--
- ``(A) Any eligible entity that desires to receive a grant under this subsection shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may require.
- ``(B) Each application submitted to the Secretary under subparagraph (A) shall contain--
- ``(i) a description of how parents of Indian children and representatives of Indian tribes have been, and will be, involved in developing and implementing the activities for which assistance is sought;
- ``(ii) assurances that the applicant will participate, at the request of the Secretary, in any national evaluation of activities assisted under this section; and
- ``(iii) such other assurances and information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
SEC. 9118. STATE EDUCATIONAL AGENCY REVIEW.
SEC. 9122. PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT